Inligting

Sekretarisse van Vervoer


Die Departement van Vervoer is gestig deur 'n kongreswet op 15 Oktober 1966, die Departement se eerste amptelike werksdag was 1 April 1967. Die missie van die departement is om die Verenigde State te dien deur te verseker dat dit vinnig, veilig, doeltreffend, 'n toeganklike en gerieflike vervoerstelsel wat voldoen aan ons belangrike nasionale belange en die lewensgehalte van die Amerikaanse bevolking, vandag en in die toekoms, verbeter. lugrederye, handhawing van verbruikersbeskermingsregulasies vir lugrederye, die uitreiking van regulasies om alkohol en onwettige dwelmmisbruik in vervoerstelsels te voorkom en die voorbereiding van vervoerwetgewing.

Diensperiode

sekretarisTuisstaatAdministrasie

1967 - 1969

Alan S. BoydFloridaL.B. Johnson

1969 - 1973

John A. VolpeMassachusettsNixon

1973 - 1974

Claude S. BrinegarKaliforniëNixon

1974 - 1975

Ford

1975 - 1977

William T. Coleman Jr.PennsylvaniaFord

1977 - 1979

Brockman AdamsWashingtonCarter

1979 - 1981

Neil E. GoldschmidtOregonCarter

1981 - 1983

Andrew L. Lewis Jr.PennsylvaniaReagan

1983 - 1987

Elizabeth H. DoleKansasReagan

1987 - 1989

James H. Burnley IVWashington DC.Reagan

1989 - 1991

Samuel K. SkinnerIllinoisG.H.W. Bush

1992 - 1993

Andrew H. Card Jr.MassachusettsG.H.W. Bush

1993 - 1997

Federico F. PeñaColoradoClinton

1997 - 2001

Rodney E. SlaterArkansasClinton

2001 -

Norman Y. MinetaKaliforniëG.W. Bush

HistoryLink.org

Honderd jaar later is die bevolking van Washington meer as ses miljoen - en byna drie miljoen privaat voertuie ry jaarliks ​​meer as 55 miljard myl oor die strate, paaie en snelweë van ons staat.

Hierdie chronologie is die belangrikste mylpale in die ontwikkeling van die vervoerstelsel van Washington oor 'n eeu van vordering, uitdaging en innovasie.

Goewerneur Albert E. Mead onderteken wet op State Highway Board en Kommissaris op 13 Maart 1905. Hoofwegkommissaris Joseph M. Snow en Highway Board hou hul eerste vergadering op 17 April 1905.

Die eerste motor kruis die Snoqualmiepas in Junie 1905.

Die eerste vliegtuig in Washington word in Maart 1910 in Georgetown, naby Seattle, gedemonstreer.

Goewerneur Marion E. Hay onderteken op 8 Maart 1911 'Permanent Highway Act' wat staatsbeheer oor groot snelweë oplê en 'n eenmolenbelasting hef.

Henry L. Bowlby dien as snelwegkommissaris, 1909-1911.

Staatsingenieurs begin in 1912 met betonpaadjies eksperimenteer.

Die staat neem op 4 Desember 1913 die privaat tolbrug tussen Clarkston en Lewiston oor, wat dit die eerste openbare interstate -brug van Washington maak.

William R. Roberts dien as snelwegkommissaris, 1911-1913 opgevolg deur William R. Roy, 1913-1916.

Goewerneur Ernest Lister wy Sunset Highway (nou I-90) by Snoqualmie Pass op 1 Julie 1915.

President Woodrow Wilson onderteken op 11 Julie 1916 die Federal Aid Road Act.

James Allen dien as snelwegkommissaris, 1916-1921.

Clark en Multnomah -provinsies maak die Columbia River Interstate Bridge op 14 Februarie 1917 oop.

Die Amerikaanse weermagkorps van ingenieurs wy op 4 Julie 1917 staatsluise aan die Washington -skeepskanaal aan.

Die eerste openbare vliegbane word in 1920 in Spokane (Felt's Field) en Seattle (Sand Point) ontwikkel.

Die State Highway Board word in 1921 vervang deur die State Highway Committee (goewerneur, staatsouditeur en staatstesourier) en 'n afdeling snelweë word in 'n nuwe departement van openbare werke geskep. James Allen dien as toesighouer van snelweë tot 1923, daarna as snelwegingenieur tot 1925.

Washington hef sy eerste petrolbelasting, een sent per liter, om $ 900,000 jaarliks ​​in Maart 1921 in te samel.

Division of Highways stig in Julie 1921 die eerste State Highways Testing Laboratory (nou Materials Laboratory) in Olympia.

Die staat onderneem die eerste sneeu-verwyderingsdienste op Cascade-bergpasse in die winter van 1922-1923.

Wetgewer verwyder snelweë van die Departement van Openbare Werke en plaas dit in 1923 onder 'n State Highway Engineer.

Die staat bou sy eerste standaard-afmetings staal-brug-brug oor die Dosewallipsrivier in Augustus 1923.

Die laaste stuk van 36 myl van Pacific Highway word tussen Kalama en Toledo geplavei om State Road No. 1 (nou 99) in Oktober 1923 te voltooi.

Huidige grense vir ses staatshoofse streekkantore, elk onder leiding van 'n distriksingenieur, word in 1925 gevestig ('n tydelike sewende distriksgerigte interstaatlike konstruksie in die Puget Sound -gebied tussen 1957 en 1975).

J. W. Hoover dien as snelwegingenieur, 1925-1927.

Eerste Vantage -brug oor die Columbia -rivier maak op 8 September 1927 oop (vervang in 1962).

Samuel J. Humes dien as snelwegingenieur, 1927-1929, daarna as direkteur van snelweë tot 1933.

Department of Highways word op 14 Maart 1929 'n aparte kode -afdeling.

Private Longview Bridge (nou Lewis en Clark Bridge) maak op 29 Maart 1930 as die langste kantelbrug in Noord -Amerika oop (die staat het dit in 1947 gekoop).

State begin die Keller Ferry oor die Columbia -rivier in 1930.

Olympic Loop Highway (US 101) open op 26-27 Augustus 1931.

George Washington Memorial Bridge (Aurora Bridge) open op 22 Februarie 1932.

Die wetgewer keur $ 10 miljoen se noodlenigingsobligasies goed vir openbare padwerk, gedeeltelik befonds uit die gasbelasting, in Februarie 1933. Dit is die eerste skuld wat die staat vir paaie uitgereik het.

Lacey V. Murrow dien as direkteur van snelweë, 1933-1940.

Die snelwegdepartement vestig die eerste vragmotorwegstasies in 1933.

Deception Pass en Canoe Pass brûe maak tussen Whidbey Island en Fidalgo Island in Julie 1935 oop.

Black Ball -veerboot Kalakala tree op 3 Julie 1935 in diens (die staat tree dit in 1967 uit).

Die wetgewer keur goedkeuring van nuwe snelwegkode goed, verhoog die spoedgrens tot 50 km / u en skep in Maart 1937 nuwe tolbrugowerheid binne die departement van snelweë.

Tacoma Narrows Bridge maak op 1 Julie 1940 oop, en Lake Washington Floating Bridge (of Mercer Island Bridge, nou Lacey V. Murrow Floating Bridge) maak die volgende dag oop.

Tacoma Narrows Bridge stort in duie tydens 'n windstorm op 7 November 1940.

Burwell Bantz dien as direkteur van snelweë, 1941-1945.

Gedurende die Tweede Wêreldoorlog word gasrantsoenering ingestel en maksimum spoedgrense word verminder tot 35 m.p.h. Die Grand Coulee Dam en die kernreservaat Hanford is voltooi.

Kiesers keur wysiging 18 op die staatsgrondwet goed, wat alle vervoerverwante belastinginkomste tot snelweggebruik beperk, op 7 November 1944.

Clarence Hickey sterf kort nadat hy in 1945 as direkteur van snelweë aangewys is, en word opgevolg deur Clarence Shain, 1945-1949.

Die wetgewer verleen die eerste magtiging vir snelweë met beperkte toegang en stig in Maart 1947 'n lugvaartkommissie.

William A. Bugge dien as direkteur van snelweë, 1949-1963.

Agate Pass -brug tussen Bainbridge -eiland en Kitsap -skiereiland word op 7 Oktober 1950 geopen.

Vervanging Tacoma Narrows Bridge open op 14 Oktober 1950.

Washington State Toll Bridge Authority neem Black Ball Line oor vir 'n bedrag van $ 6,8 miljoen om Washington State Ferries op 1 Junie 1951 te vestig.

Wetgewer herorganiseer die departement van snelweë onder 'n nuwe snelwegkommissie van vyf lede wat op 1 Julie 1951 ingaan.

White Pass snelweg (SR 12) word amptelik op 12 Augustus 1951 geopen.

Die eerste gedeelte van Seattle se Alaskan Way Viaduct tussen Battery en Dearborn strate open op 4 April 1953.

Die Steamboat Slough- en Snohomishrivier -brûe in Everett, Skagitrivierbrug in die berg Vernon, Chehalisrivierbrug in Aberdeen en Wenatchee River Bridge maak almal tussen 1954 en 1956 oop.

Department of Highways begin sy eerste 'rekenaar', 'n IBM Cardatype, in Maart 1956 gebruik.

President Dwight D. Eisenhower onderteken die nuwe Federal Aid Highway Act, wat die federale wedstryd tot 90 persent verhoog om 'n 'Interstate and Defense Highway System' op 29 Junie 1956 te skep.

Omleiding Olympia Freeway ('n gedeelte van toekomstige I-5) maak op 12 Desember 1958 oop.

Vancouver-Portland Interstate Toll Bridge over the Columbia River open in Januarie 1960.

Die eerste gedeelte van Interstate 5 word op 21 Desember 1960 in Tacoma geopen.

Die Washington State -wetgewer aanvaar die wet op die beheer van advertensies op snelweë om advertensieborde in Maart 1961 te verwyder (vier jaar voor die National Highway Beautification Act).

Hood Canal Floating Bridge maak op 12 Augustus 1961 oop vir verkeer.

Seattle se "Century 21 Exposition" Wêreldtentoonstelling word op 21 April 1962 geopen.

Charles G. Prahl dien as direkteur van snelweë, 1963-1969.

Evergreen Point (nou Albert D. Rosellini) Floating Bridge open op 28 Augustus 1963.

Interstate 5 maak op 3 Februarie 1965 oop vir verkeer tussen Seattle en Everett, en Seattle -omkeerpaaie maak in Junie oop.

Interstate 405 maak op 3 September 1965 tussen Renton en Tukwila oop.

Met die deelname van die staat Washington voltooi die Oregon Highway Department die Astoria-Megler-brug oor die Columbia-rivier op 27 Augustus 1966.

Eerste "superferry" Hyak, word op 17 Desember 1966 in San Diego bekendgestel.

George H. Andrews dien as direkteur van snelweë, 1969-1975.

Spokane se vierde laan -viadukt word in September 1969 voltooi.

Die laaste gedeelte van I-5 word op 14 November 1969 voltooi.

Die Department of Highways beset sy huidige hoofkwartier in Olympia in 1970.

Omgewingsgedinge word ingedien om die bou van Interstate 90 op 28 Mei 1970 te stop.

Fred Redmon Memorial Bridge open op I-82 oor Selah Creek op 2 November 1971.

Jumbo Ferries Spokane en Walla Walla word gedurende 1972 bekendgestel.

North Cascades Highway (SR 20) maak op 2 September 1972 tussen Newhalem en Winthrop oop.

Kiesers van King County keur die oprigting van Metro Transit op 19 September 1972 goed.

Die eerste akoestiese snelwegversperrings van die staat en die eerste "High Occupancy Vehicle" (HOV) -bane word in 1973 bekendgestel.

Spokane "Expo 7" Wêreldtentoonstelling word op 4 Mei 1974 geopen.

OPEC -olieembargo spoor die kongres aan om die National Mass Transportation Act aan te neem, wat die eerste federale hulp verleen vir die bedryfskoste van die vervoer, en 'n 55 m.p.h. spoedgrens in 1974 (opgehef in 1996).

William A. Bulley dien as laaste direkteur van snelweë, 1975-1977.

Wetgewers verleen aan plaaslike regerings die bevoegdheid om voordele vir openbare vervoer in 1975 te skep om vervoerdienste te lewer.

Highway Commission onderteken op 21 Desember 1976 'n memorandum van verstandhouding vir die hersiene I-90-ontwerp met Seattle, Mercer Island, Bellevue en King County.

Elf myl gedeelte van I-205 wat Vancouver omseil, maak op 22 Desember 1976 oop vir verkeer.

New Washington State Department of Transportation, gelei deur 'n vervoerkommissie, begin formeel op 21 September 1977. Die kommissie noem William A. Bulley as die eerste minister van vervoer.

Innoverende Intercity Bridge word in September 1978 oopgemaak oor die Columbia tussen Pasco en Kennewick.

In die eerste rehabilitasieprojek vir spoorlyne in die Weste, begin WSDOT in 1979 met 'n spoorlyn van 61 myl tussen Metaline Falls en Newport in 1979.

Die westelike helfte van Hood Canal Floating Bridge sak tydens 'n erge storm op 13 Februarie 1979.

Federale howe hef die bevel op die finale I-90-konstruksie tussen Seattle en I-405 op 24 Augustus 1979 op.

Mount St. Helens bars op 18 Mei 1980 uit, wat baie van die SR 504 uitwis en meer as 1 000 myl van die snelweë tydelik sluit.

Eerste van 'n nuwe klas veerbote, die Issaquah, word op 29 Desember 1980 bekendgestel.

Duane Berentson dien as sekretaris van vervoer, 1981-1993.

Die eerste "FLOW" opritmeters word op I-5 op 30 September 1981 geïnstalleer.

Vervanging Hood Canal Bridge maak op 3 Oktober 1982 oop vir verkeer.

Tweeling I-182 brûe maak op 27 November 1984 tussen Richland en Pasco oop.

Derde drywende brug oor Lake Washington (later vernoem na Homer M. Hadley) maak op 4 Junie 1989 oop.

Die wetgewing in die staat Washington neem die Wet op Vervoer met 'n hoë kapasiteit uit, wat in 1990 toestemming gee vir planne vir streeksvervoerstelsel en die Wet op Groeibestuur (GMA), die eerste staatsmandaat vir omvattende beplanning.

Terwyl dit onder rekonstruksie was, sink die oorspronklike 1940 Lacey V. Murrow Floating Bridge tydens 'n hewige storm op 25 November 1990.

President George H. W. Bush onderteken op 18 Desember 1991 die Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act, wat die federale vervoerbeleid en befondsing verbreed.

Sid Morrison dien as minister van vervoer, 1993-2001.

Departement van Vervoer stel sy eerste webwerf in 1994 bekend.

Die staat inwy sy eerste "Grain Train" in Port of Walla Walla in die herfs van 1994.

Vervoerkommissie aanvaar in die lente 1996 'n eerste 20-jarige vervoerplan wat alle vorme van oppervlaktevervoer in elk van die 39 provinsies van die staat integreer.

Washington State Ferries lanseer sy eerste Jumbo Mark II -veerboot, die Tacoma, op 29 Augustus 1996.

Kiesers van King, Pierce en Snohomish County keur op 5 November 1996 $ 3,9 miljard se plan "Sound Transit" goed.

Rideshare -program, gekoördineer deur staats- en plaaslike vervoerowerhede, begin in Desember 1996 in die provinsies Thurston, Pierce, King, Kitsap en Snohomish.

Die kabelbrug oor Tacoma se Thea Foss Waterway op SR 509 maak op 22 Januarie 1997 oop.

Johnston Ridge -sterrewag op Mount St. Helens en die laaste gedeelte van Spirit Lake Memorial Highway (SR 504) open op 17 Mei 1997.

Washington State Ferries loods sy eerste veerboot met slegs passasiers, Chinook, op 15 Mei 1998.

Staatskiesers slaag referendum 49, wat die aksynsbelasting op motorvoertuie (MVET) verlaag, herverdelingsvervoerfondse en magtig $ 1,9 miljard se skuldbriewe om $ 2,3 miljard aan vervoerprojekte op 3 November 1998 te finansier.

Die staat keur 'n voorstel van $ 350 miljoen "New Partners" voor op 18 November 1998 vir 'n nuwe tolbrug oor die Tacoma Narrows.

Met staatsfinansiering en hulp inhuldig Amtrak op 11 Januarie 1999 die treinspoor "Cascades" tussen Eugene en Seattle met drie nuwe "Talgo" -treine.

Kiesers keur inisiatief 695 goed, met 'n maksimum van $ 30 per jaar op 2 November 1999. Die hooggeregshof maak later die inisiatief ongeldig, maar die wetgewer behou die maksimum MVET.

State Blue Ribbon Commission on Transportation stel op 29 November 2000 groot hervormings en nuwe befondsingstrategieë voor.

'N Ernstige aardbewing naby Olympia veroorsaak op 28 Februarie 2001 meer as $ 1 miljard se skade aan paaie en infrastruktuur.

Douglas B. MacDonald word in 2001 minister van vervoer.

Terreuraanvalle het baie vervoerstelsels op 11 September 2001 tydelik gesluit en lei tot verskerpte veiligheidsmaatreëls vir lughawens, veerbote, spoorweë en snelweë.

Kiesers verwerp referendum 51 vervoerplan en verhoging van gasbelasting terwyl hulle op 5 November 2002 inisiatief 776, wat probeer om plaaslike MVET -toeslag te beperk, goedkeur.

Verhoging van die gasbelasting van vyf sent per liter tree op 1 Julie 2003 in werking om $ 4,2 miljard aan prioriteit "nikkelprojekte" te finansier.

WSDOT Vandag

Vandag bestee WSDOT jaarliks ​​meer as $ 1 miljard aan beplanning, konstruksie, bedryf, onderhoud en bestuur van sleutelelemente van 'n komplekse "multimodale" vervoerstelsel, insluitend meer as 7000 myl van die snelweë (slegs 9 persent van die totale padmyl, maar met byna 60 persent van alle verkeer), 'n vloot van Washington State Ferries wat meer as 25 miljoen ruiters per jaar bedien, 16 noodvliegvelde en spesiale passasiers- en goederetreindienste. (Agterblad)

2005 en verder.

Vandag staan ​​die Washington State Transportation Commission en die Washington State Department of Transportation voor nuwe en ou take en uitdagings. By die opdatering van sy 20-jaarplan het die Vervoerkommissie belangrike kwessies vir innovasie, belegging en verbetering geïdentifiseer, insluitend-

    Om te voldoen aan die vervoerbehoeftes van die 2 miljoen bykomende burgers wat teen 2030 in Washington sal woon.

In vennootskap met federale en plaaslike regerings werk die private sektor, en veral die mense van ons staat, die Washington State Transportation Commission en die Department of Transportation om Washington in die een en twintigste eeu aan die gang te hou.

Herboude Lacey V. Murrow drywende brug (regs) en die nuwe Homer M. Hadley -brug oor die Washington -meer, Oktober 2001

HistoryLink.org Foto deur Priscilla Long

Sunset Highway -terugskakeling naby Snoqualmiepas, ca. 1915

Lewiston-Clarkston-brug oor die Snake-rivier tussen Clarkston, Washington, en Lewiston, Idaho, 1910's

Poskaart Met vergunning van Washington State University Libraries

Betonbasis vir die plaveisel van Pacific Highway, naby Kent, 1910

Dosewallips River Bridge, 1993

Foto deur Jet Lowe, met vergunning van Historic American Engineering Record

Omslag van reklamebrosjure vir Lake Washington Floating Bridge (later hernoem tot Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge), ca. 1940

Olympic Highway naby Lake Quinault, ca. 1937

Veerboot Kalakala, ongeveer 1960

Ellensburg - Cle Elum Highway, Kittitas County, 1940's

Met vergunning van Washington Rural Heritage (TRN154)

Agate Pass Bridge, 21 November 2004

HistoryLink.org Foto deur Priscilla Long

Astoria-Megler-brug oor Columbia-rivier, gesien vanaf Astoria, Oregon, 16 Augustus 2002

HistoryLink.org Foto deur Kit Oldham

Fred Redmon-brug oor Selah Creek-canyon, I-82, Yakima County, 17 Oktober 2008


Sekretaris van Vervoer, Pete Buttigieg

Pete Buttigieg dien tans as die 19de minister van vervoer, nadat hy op 3 Februarie 2021 beëdig is.

Voordat hy by die Biden-Harris-administrasie aangesluit het, dien sekretaris Buttigieg twee termyne as burgemeester van sy geboortestad South Bend, Indiana. Buttigieg, 'n gegradueerde aan die Harvard -universiteit en 'n Rhodes -geleerde aan Oxford, dien sewe jaar lank as 'n offisier in die Amerikaanse vlootreservaat en neem afskeid van die burgemeester se kantoor vir 'n ontplooiing in Afghanistan in 2014.

Hy is die seun van Joseph Buttigieg, wat uit Malta na die Verenigde State geëmigreer het, en Jennifer Anne Montgomery, 'n Hoosier van die vyfde geslag.

Opgewek in South Bend - wat vroeër die tuiste was van die motorvervaardiging van Studebaker - het Pete Buttigieg, net soos baie ander Amerikaners in die industriële Midde -Weste, grootgeword omring deur leë fabrieke en verlate huise, en soms gehoor dat die enigste manier om 'n goeie toekoms te kry, was om uit.

Hy het na skool na die Midde -Weste teruggekeer, in die private sektor gewerk en in 2011 tot burgemeester van South Bend verkies, met die fokus daarop om 'n nuwe toekoms vir die stad te bied deur 'n nuwe benadering tot politiek en gewaagde idees.

Binnekort bekend as "burgemeester Pete", werk Buttigieg oorkant die gang om die toekoms van South Bend te verander en mense se daaglikse lewens te verbeter. Huishoudelike inkomste het gegroei, armoede het gedaal en werkloosheid is in die helfte verminder. Die stad het nuwe hulpbronne gevestig om geleenthede en toegang tot tegnologie vir alle inwoners uit te brei, en hy het 'n "Smart Streets" -inisiatief geloods om straatontwerp in die middestad en die historiese onderkant van West Side te verbeter. Hierdie strategie vir Complete Streets het gelei tot voordele wat insluit groei in klein ondernemings langs voorheen verwaarloosde gange, en honderde miljoene dollars aan nuwe private belegging in die eens leeggemaakte middestad.

Sy leierskap het gehelp om die hele stad se werksgroei aan te wakker en het innoverende publiek-private vennootskappe soos Commuters Trust vergemaklik, 'n voordele-program wat ontwerp is om die stad se vervoerervaring vir werkers te verbeter.

Terselfdertyd het burgemeester Pete gewerk aan die bou van 'n South Bend -gemeenskap waar elke inwoner veilig en ingesluit kon voel. Sy inisiatief oor munisipale identifikasiekaarte vir inwoners het gehelp om ongedokumenteerde immigrante uit die skadu te haal, terwyl 'n broeikas vir klein ondernemings in 'n histories swart woonbuurt gewerk het om geleenthede uit te brei, en 'n toename in beleggings was in die herstel of verwydering van verlate huise met 'n laer inkomste. woonbuurte.

In 2019 het hy sy historiese veldtog vir president geloods. Gedurende 2020 het hy hom beywer vir die verkiesing van die Biden-Harris-kaartjie en dien hy in die adviesraad vir die presidensiële oorgang. In Desember is hy deur die gekose president Biden aangewys as minister van vervoer. Hy is op 2 Februarie 2021 deur die Senaat bevestig en word die eerste openlik gay persoon wat in 'n presidentskabinet gedien het.

Sekretaris Buttigieg woon saam met sy man Chasten en hul reddingshonde, Buddy en Truman.


Vroue in vervoergeskiedenis: Elizabeth Dole, eerste vroulike sekretaris van vervoer in die VSA

In 1983 is Elizabeth "Liddy" Dole deur president Ronald Reagan aangestel om as die agtste Amerikaanse sekretaris van vervoer te dien. Sy was die eerste vrou in die rol.

Dole se prestasies as sekretaris van vervoer sluit in die vergemakliking van die oordrag van beheer oor die Washington National (nou Ronald Regan National) lughawe en Washington Dulles Internasionale Lughawe van die Federal Aviation Administration na 'n onafhanklike plaaslike owerheid. Sy het ook toesig gehou oor die privatisering van die federaal gesubsidieerde spoorweg Conrail.

Dole se ampstermyn by die Amerikaanse departement van vervoer (USDOT) is ook gedefinieer deur verskeie inisiatiewe vir vervoerveiligheid. Hierdie inisiatiewe het ingesluit om saam met groepe soos die nie -winsgewende organisasie MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) te werk om landwyd bestuur van dwelms en dwelms te verminder, wat die gebruik van veiligheidsgordels verhoog en die vervaardigers aanspoor om lugsakke in nuwe motors te installeer. Dole was ook 'n groot voorstander van die installering van middelste hoë gemonteerde remligte op nuwe motors as 'n belangrike veiligheidsmaatreël. Hierdie ligte, wat deur die National Highway Traffic Safety Administration opdrag gegee is, het algemeen bekend gestaan ​​as 'Liddy Lights'.

Toe Elizabeth Dole in 1987 bedank as sekretaris van vervoer om haar man, Bob Dole, te help om president te word, het Reagan haar bydraes tot veiligheid beklemtoon. 'Vanweë u persoonlike klem op vervoerveiligheid, is dit nou 'n nasionale prioriteit,' het Reagan gesê in sy brief waarin sy bedank. 'Ontelbare lewens is gered en verlammende beserings op ons snelweë, spoorweë en in die lug voorkom weens u leierskap.'


Sekretarisse van Vervoer - Geskiedenis

Departement van Vervoerrade:

- NC Raad van Vervoer
- NC Turnpike Authority Board
- Raad op die NC -hawensowerheid
- NC Global Transpark Board

NC Statute Authority vir die Departement van Vervoer

Die Departement van Vervoer is gemagtig deur die Algemene Statuut 143B, Artikel 8, Paragraaf 143B-345:

Hier word 'n departement gestig wat bekend staan ​​as die Departement van Vervoer met die organisasie, bevoegdhede en pligte wat omskryf is in Artikel 1 van Hoofstuk 143B, behalwe soos gewysig in hierdie Artikel. & quot

Klik hier om die volledige statuut te sien, wat al die funksies van die departement van vervoer in meer detail beskryf.

Geskiedenis van die Departement van Vervoer: Die North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) is in 1915 gestig as die State Highway Commission. In 1941 is die Departement van Motorvoertuie (DMV) onder die NCDOT gestig deur 'n Wet van die Algemene Vergadering. Die Wet op die Uitvoerende Organisasie van 1971 het die State Highway Commission en die DMV saamgevoeg om die departement van vervoer en snelwegveiligheid te vorm. In 1979 is Highway Safety laat val toe die North Carolina State Highway Patrol (NCSHP) na die North Carolina Department of Crime Control and Public Safety oorgeplaas is. Die departement van vervoer en snelwegveiligheid is geskep deur die Wet op die Uitvoerende Organisasie van 1971. Die Departement van Hoofweë, die Departement van Motorvoertuie en die Staatswegkommissie is gekonsolideer in die nuwe departement en die nuut aangewese Raad van Vervoer. In 1977 word die term 'Highway Safety' laat vaar met die oprigting van 'n nuwe departement van misdaadbeheer en openbare veiligheid.

Die departement word gelei deur 'n uitvoerende sekretaris wat deur die goewerneur aangewys word. Wetgewing wat in 1973 aangeneem is, dui die sekretaris aan as 'n ex officio -lid van die Raad van Vervoer waarvoor hy voorsitter is. In 1977 is die ou Vervoersraad opgeknap en die Sekondêre Padraad is afgeskaf deur een sentrale liggaam te vorm en om die ontwikkeling en probleme in die
Noord-Carolina.

Die belangrike punt van die oorspronklike herorganiseringswet was die groepering van alle vervoerverantwoordelikhede, lugvaart en massavervoer sowel as snelweë, in een departement onder 'n enkele administratiewe beheer. Met hierdie nuwe fase van herorganisasie sal die einde verder bereik word.


Die benoeming van Pete Buttigieg maak geskiedenis op meer maniere as een

Om hierdie artikel weer te gee, besoek My profiel en bekyk dan gestoorde verhale.

Gefotografeer deur Ethan James Green, Vogue, Junie 2019

Om hierdie artikel weer te gee, besoek My profiel en bekyk dan gestoorde verhale.

Twee jaar gelede was Pete Buttigieg die onbekende burgemeester van South Bend, Indiana, wat op die punt was om 'n hoogs onwaarskynlike kandidaat vir die presidensie te begin. Nou, na 'n veldtog wat hom kortliks tot voorloperstatus gedryf het en daarna 'n mediablits wat hom miskien die suksesvolste plaasvervanger van die veldtog vir president Biden gemaak het, is hy op die punt om die volgende sekretaris van vervoer te wees-en die eerste openlik gay persoon ooit bevestig vir 'n kabinetspos in die land se geskiedenis.

Biden het Dinsdag aangekondig dat hy Buttigieg in die pos sal aanstel, en noem sy voormalige veldtog -mededinger "'n patriot en 'n probleemoplosser wat praat met die beste van wie ons as 'n nasie is." Die keuse is geprys deur die Menseregteveldtog, wat verlede maand die verkiesde president aangemoedig het om LGBTQ-mense in senior poste in sy administrasie aan te stel. "Sy stem as 'n kampioen vir die LGBTQ-gemeenskap in die kabinetskamer, sal die gekose president Biden help om ons land beter, sterker en meer gelyk te maak as voorheen," het Alphonso David, president van die MRK, gesê in 'n verklaring die nuus begin uitlek.

Buttigieg sal tegnies nie die eerste openlik gay persoon wees wat 'n pos op kabinetsvlak beklee nie, maar die persoon wat die onderskeid het-Richard Grenell, wat kortliks as waarnemende direkteur van nasionale intelligensie van Donald Trump gedien het-is nooit deur die senaat bevestig nie. (Sommige konserwatiewe media het die eerste openlik gay benaming wat Buttigieg toegeken is, gekritiseer en gesê dat dit die prestasie van Grenell verminder: "Sulke bewerings kom neer op die afwassing van president Donald Trump se bevordering van sy administrasie se eerste ambassadeur in Duitsland, Ric Grenell, om as direkteur van nasionale intelligensie te dien. van Februarie tot Mei vanjaar-'n posisie op kabinetvlak, 'het The Federalist's Tristan Justice Woensdag geskryf.)

Tot dusver vorm Biden se administrasie een van die mees uiteenlopende in die geskiedenis wat LGBTQ -verteenwoordiging betref. Karine Jean-Pierre, die personeelhoof van die ondervoorsitter Kamala Harris, is onlangs aangekondig as hoof-perssekretaris van die Withuis, en Pili Tobar, 'n advokaat vir immigrasie-regte en voormalige assistent van senator Chuck Schumer, is as adjunk-Withuis aangewys kommunikasie direkteur. Carlos Elizondo, wat Biden se sosiale sekretaris was toe Biden vise -president was, is aangewys as sosiale sekretaris van die Withuis.

Buttigieg het Dinsdag sy dankbaarheid vir die benoeming getwiet:

En Woensdag het sy man, Chasten Buttigieg, kennis geneem van die historiese aard van sy aanstelling:

As dit bevestig word, sal die 38-jarige Buttigieg ook die eerste duisendjarige wees wat 'n senior pos in die Biden-administrasie beklee en een van die jongste kabinetslede in die geskiedenis. Julián Castro was 39 toe Barack Obama hom in 2014 as sekretaris van die behuising aangestel het, en Alexander Hamilton was in die middel 30's toe hy die land se eerste sekretaris van die tesourie geword het.

In sy opmerkings in Wilmington, Delaware, Woensdag, voordat hy formeel sy keuse vir sekretaris van vervoer voorstel, het Biden die diversiteit van sy afsprake tot dusver aangespreek en gesê dat teen die tyd dat hy klaar was, sy kabinet die meeste vroue en die meeste bruin mense in die geskiedenis. Biden het gesê: ''n kabinet met versperrings, 'n eerste kabinet. 'N Kabinet wat soos Amerika lyk. ”

Buttigieg het sy toespraak begin deur te praat oor sy jarelange liefde vir treine, vliegtuie en ander vorme van vervoer, en onthul dat hy eintlik aan Chasten voorgestel het in 'n lughaweterminal. ('Laat niemand vir u sê dat O'Hare nie romanties is nie,' het hy geskerts.)

Benewens die belofte dat hy, onder sy leiding, "die idee van die Infrastruktuurweek verband hou met resultate en nooit weer 'n mediaplan nie", het hy gepraat oor die belangrikheid van wat op hierdie sosiaal gedistansieerde verhoog van die Queen -teater gebeur.

"Ek is ook bedag daarop dat die geskiedenis die oë op hierdie afspraak rig, wetende dat dit die eerste keer is dat 'n Amerikaanse president ooit 'n openlik LGBTQ -kabinetslid na die senaat gestuur het vir bevestiging," het Buttigieg gesê. Hy onthou dat hy as 17-jarige na die nuus gekyk het toe president Bill Clinton destyds probeer het om 'n openlik gay ambassadeur aan te stel, net om die keuse te laat verdwyn en uiteindelik ter tafel te lê totdat Clinton 'n reses-afspraak kon maak. 'Twee dekades later,' het Buttigieg gesê, 'kan ek nie anders as om aan 'n 17-jarige te dink wat ons nou kan dophou nie, iemand wat wonder of en waar hulle hoort, in die wêreld of selfs in hul eie familie, en ek dink aan die boodskap wat die aankondiging van vandag aan hulle stuur. ”

Buttigieg was 'n kwaai en dikwels baie kritieke teenstander van Biden in die vroeë dae van die presidensiële veldtog in 2020. Maar sodra hy uitval, net voor Super Tuesday, het Buttigieg 'n ewe felle surrogaat geword vir die Demokratiese genomineerde, veral in sy optredes op Fox News, waar hy vaardig met die Trump-leunende gashere saamgesweer het en op 'n saaklike manier die herhaalde daarop gewys het valshede wat deur die president gepleeg word.

Pete Buttigieg het van een van die sterkste teenstanders van Joe Biden gegaan tot een van sy mees effektiewe surrogate op die veldtog.

Een gewone Fox -kyker was blykbaar nie tevrede met die lugtyd wat die jong politikus gegee het nie. "Dit is moeilik om te glo dat @FoxNews lugtyd mors op burgemeester Pete, soos Chris Wallace hom graag noem," het Donald Trump getwiet kort voor 'n verskyning in Mei verlede jaar. “Fox beweeg al hoe meer na die verloorkant (verkeerde) kant om die Dems te bedek. Hulle is van die vervelige debatte van die Demokrate ontslae geraak, en hulle wil net ingaan. Hulle het die mense vergeet wat hulle daar gekry het. ”


Sleutel feite

Buttigieg is die eerste openlik gay persoon wat deur die senaat vir 'n kabinetsposisie bevestig is. Op 39 -jarige ouderdom is hy ook een van die jongste vervoersekretarisse in die geskiedenis.

President Joe Biden het gesê dat Buttigieg 'n sentrale rol sal speel in die reaksie op Covid-19, wat meer as 440,000 Amerikaners doodgemaak en die Amerikaanse ekonomie verwoes het. As part of the “Build Back Better” initiative, Buttigieg is also expected to focus on climate change and racial justice in the economic recovery.


Biografie

Secretary Elaine Chao is an inspirational and consequential leader who has been appointed to two Presidential cabinet positions: U. S. Secretary of Transportation en U. S. Secretary of Labor . When she was unanimously confirmed to her first cabinet post as Secretary of Labor, she became the first woman of Asian American & Pacific Islander heritage to serve in the President’s cabinet in history.

She arrived in the United States in third grade not knowing how to speak English. She received her citizenship at the age of 19. It was her experience transitioning to a new country that motivated her to ensure that everyone has access to the opportunities in our country.

Secretary Chao is an inspirational and consequential leader who has been appointed to two Presidential cabinet positions: U. S. Secretary of Transportation en U. S. Secretary of Labor . When she was unanimously confirmed to her first cabinet post as Secretary of Labor, she became the first woman of Asian American & Pacific Islander heritage to serve in the President’s cabinet in history.

She arrived in the United States in third grade not knowing how to speak English. She received her citizenship at the age of 19. It was her experience transitioning to a new country that motivated her to ensure that everyone has access to the opportunities in our country.


General Records of the Department of Transportation [DOT]

Gestig: By the Department of Transportation Act (80 Stat. 931), October 15, 1966, consolidating highway, rail, air, and marine transportation functions previously vested in Departments of Commerce, the Treasury, and the Interior Interstate Commerce Commission Civil Aeronautics Board Federal Aviation Agency and Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation. Became operational April 1, 1967. Acquired urban mass transit functions from Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1968. Acquired Electronic Research Center (transportation safety research) from National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1970. Acquired Maritime Administration from Department of Commerce, 1981.

  • Office of the Under Secretary for Transportation, Department of Commerce (DOC, 1950-67)
  • Office of Road Inquiry, Department of Agriculture (DOA, 1893-99)
  • Office of Public Road Inquiries, DOA (1899-1905)
  • Office of Public Roads, DOA (1905-15)
  • Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, DOA (1915-18)
  • Bureau of Public Roads, DOA (1918-39)
  • Public Roads Administration, Federal Works Agency (1939-49)
  • Bureau of Public Roads, General Services Administration (1949)
  • Bureau of Public Roads, DOC (1949-67)
  • Bureau of Motor Carriers, Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC, 1935-65)
  • Section of Motor Carrier Safety, Bureau of Operations and Compliance, ICC (1965-67)
  • National Traffic Safety Agency, DOC (1966-67)
  • National Highway Safety Agency, DOC (1966-67)
  • Office of High-Speed Ground Transportation, DOC (1965-67)
  • Alaska Engineering Commission (1914-15)
  • Alaska Engineering Commission, Department of the Interior (DOI, 1915-23)
  • The Alaska Railroad, DOI (1923-67)
  • Office of the Secretary, ICC (1893-1911)
  • Division of Safety Appliances, ICC (1911-14)
  • Division of Safety, ICC (1914-17)
  • Bureau of Safety, ICC (1917-54, to Bureau of Safety and Service)
  • Division of Locomotive Boiler Inspection, ICC (1911-15)
  • Division of Locomotive Inspection, ICC (1915-17)
  • Bureau of Locomotive Inspection, ICC (1917-54, to Bureau of Safety and Service)
  • Division of Car Service, ICC (1917)
  • Bureau of Car Service, ICC (1917-20)
  • Bureau of Service, ICC (1920-54, to Bureau of Safety and Service)
  • Bureau of Safety and Service, ICC (1954-65)
  • Bureau of Railroad Safety and Service, ICC (1965-67)
  • Section of Explosives, Bureau of Service, ICC (1925-34)
  • Explosives and Dangerous Articles Branch, Section of Railroad Safety, Bureau of Safety and Service, ICC (1954-65)
  • Section of Explosives and Dangerous Articles, Bureau of Operations and Compliance, ICC (1965-67)
  • Aeronautics Branch, DOC (1926-34)
  • Bureau of Air Commerce, DOC (1934-38)
  • Civil Aeronautics Authority (1938-40)
  • Civil Aeronautics Administration, DOC (1940-58, to Federal Aviation Agency, FAA)
  • Civil Aeronautics Board (safety regulatory functions only, 1940- 58, to FAA)
  • Federal Aviation Agency (1958-67)
  • Air Regulations Division, Aeronautics Branch (AB), DOC (1926-29)
  • Air Regulation Service, AB, DOC (1929-34)
  • Air Regulation Division, Bureau of Air Commerce (BAC), DOC (1934- 37, to Safety and Planning Division, Certificate and Inspection Division, and Regulation and Enforcement Division)
  • Safety and Planning Division, BAC, DOC (1937-38, to Civil Aeronautics Authority, CAA)
  • Certificate and Inspection Division, BAC, DOC (1937-38, to CAA)
  • Regulation and Enforcement Division, BAC, DOC (1937-38, to CAA)
  • Bureau of Safety Regulation, CAA (1938-40, to Safety Bureau, Civil Aeronautics Board, CAB)
  • Air Safety Board, CAA (1938-40, to Safety Bureau, CAB)
  • Safety Bureau, CAB (1940-48, to Bureau of Safety Regulation and Bureau of Safety Investigation)
  • Bureau of Safety Regulation, CAB (1948-57, to Bureau of Safety)
  • Bureau of Safety Investigation, CAB (1948-57, to Bureau of Safety)
  • Bureau of Safety, CAB (1957-67)
  • Revenue Marine Division, Department of the Treasury (DT, 1843-49, 1871-94) Revenue Cutter Service, DT (1894-1915, to United States Coast Guard, USCG)
  • Life Saving Service, Revenue Marine Division, DT (1871-78)
  • Life Saving Service, DT (1878-1915, to USCG)
  • United States Coast Guard, DT (1915-67)
  • Lighthouse Service, DT (1792-1852)
  • Lighthouse Board, DT (1852-1903)
  • Lighthouse Board, Department of Commerce and Labor (DOCL, 1903- 10)
  • Bureau of Lighthouses, DOCL (1910-13)
  • Bureau of Lighthouses, DOC (1913-39, to USCG)
  • Steamboat Inspection Service, DT (1852-1903)
  • Steamboat Inspection Service, DOCL (1903-13)
  • Steamboat Inspection Service, DOC (1913-32, to Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection)
  • Bureau of Navigation, DT (1884-1903)
  • Bureau of Navigation, DOCL (1903-13)
  • Bureau of Navigation, DOC (1913-32, to Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection)
  • Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection, DOC (1932-36)
  • Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation, DOC (1936-42, to Bureau of Customs and USCG)
  • Bureau of Customs, DT (vessel documentation only, 1942-67, to USCG)
  • Great Lakes Pilotage Administration, DOC (1960-67)
  • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (1954-67)
  • U.S. Shipping Board (1917-34)
  • U.S. Shipping Board Bureau, DOC (1934-36)
  • U.S. Maritime Commission (1936-50)
  • Federal Maritime Board (1950-61, maritime subsidy functions to Maritime Administration)
  • Maritime Administration, DOC (1950-81)
  • Office of Transportation, Housing and Home Finance Agency (1961-65)
  • Urban Transportation Administration, Department of Housing and Urban Development (1965-68)
  • Electronic Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, 1965-66)
  • Electronic Research Center, Office of Advanced Research and Technology, NASA (1966-70)

Funksies: Establishes national transportation policies affecting highways, railroads, urban mass transit systems, and aviation. Develops and enforces safety regulations for highways, waterways, ports, and oil and gas pipelines. Administers United States Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Federal Transit Administration, Maritime Administration, Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, and Research and Special Programs Administration.

Administered National Transportation Safety Board until it was designated an independent agency, effective April 1, 1975, by the Independent Safety Board Act of 1974 (88 Stat. 2166), January 3, 1975.

Administered The Alaska Railroad until it was transferred to the State of Alaska, January 5, 1985, pursuant to the Alaska Railroad Transfer Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2556), January 14, 1983.

Verwante rekords:
Record copies of publications of the Department of Transportation in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Records of the U.S. Coast Guard, RG 26.
Records of the Bureau of Public Roads, RG 30.
General Records of the Department of Commerce, RG 40.
Records of the Interstate Commerce Commission, RG 134.
Records of the Civil Aeronautics Board, RG 197.
Records of the Federal Aviation Administration, RG 237.
Records of The Alaska Railroad, RG 322.
Records of the Maritime Administration, RG 357.
Records of the Federal Railroad Administration, RG 399.
Records of the Federal Highway Administration, RG 406.
Records of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, RG 416.
Records of the Research and Special Programs Administration (Transportation), RG 467.

398.2 General Records of the Department of Transportation
1958-79

Geskiedenis: Office of the Under Secretary for Transportation established in Department of Commerce by Department Order 128, November 20, 1950, with supervisory responsibility over transportation functions exercised by various departmental components. Abolished, effective April 1, 1967, by Amendment 2 to Department Order 83, April 10, 1967, with functions transferred to newly established DOT, and assigned to Office of the Secretary of Transportation. See 398.1.

Highway transportation functions:

Office of Road Inquiry established in Department of Agriculture (DOA), October 3, 1893, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (27 Stat. 737), March 3, 1893. Redesignated Office of Public Road Inquiries, 1899. Consolidated with Division of Tests in Bureau of Chemistry, DOA, to form Office of Public Roads, effective July 1, 1905, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (33 Stat. 882), March 3, 1905. Further consolidated with Drainage Division and Irrigation Division of Office of Experiment Stations, DOA, acquiring also farm architectural functions of Office of Farm Management Investigations, to form Office of Public Roads and Rural Engineering, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (38 Stat. 1110), March 4, 1915. Redesignated Bureau of Public Roads, retroactive to July 1, 1918, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (40 Stat. 1000), October 1, 1918. Transferred to Federal Works Agency by Reorganization Plan No. I of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, and redesignated Public Roads Administration. Transferred to General Services Administration, July 1, 1949, by the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act (63 Stat. 380), June 30, 1949, and redesignated Bureau of Public Roads. Transferred to Department of Commerce (DOC) by Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1949, effective August 20, 1949. Transferred to DOT and assigned to Federal Highway Administration (FHA), 1967. See 398.1. Functions absorbed by FHA, August 10, 1970.

Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

Bureau of Motor Carriers established to administer provisions of the Motor Carrier Act (49 Stat. 543), August 9, 1935. Redesignated Section of Motor Carrier Safety in newly established Bureau of Operations and Compliance as part of an ICC reorganization, 1965. Transferred to DOT and assigned to FHA as Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety, 1967. See 398.1.

National Traffic Safety Agency

National Highway Safety Agency

Concurrently established in Office of the Under Secretary for Transportation, DOC, by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act and the National Highway Safety Act (80 Stat. 718 and 80 Stat. 731), September 9, 1966. Concurrently transferred to DOT and assigned to newly established FHA, 1967. See 398.1. Consolidated to form National Highway Safety Bureau, FHA, by EO 11357, June 6, 1967. Designated an autonomous operating unit of DOT, March 22, 1970. Abolished, with functions transferred to National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, DOT, by the Highway Safety Act of 1970 (84 Stat. 1739), December 31, 1970.

Rail transportation functions:

Office of High-Speed Ground Transportation

Established in Department of Commerce (DOC) to administer an act mandating a study of high-speed ground transportation (79 Stat. 893), September 30, 1965. Transferred to DOT and assigned to Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), 1967. See 398.1. Terminated, with functions transferred to newly established Office of the Associate Administrator for Research, Development, and Demonstrations, FRA, 1972.

Construction and operation of railroad in Territory of Alaska authorized by the Alaska Railroad Act (38 Stat. 305), March 12, 1914, which further directed the President to appoint an Alaska Engineering Commission to supervise construction. Commission placed under Department of the Interior (DOI) by EO 2129, January 26, 1915. DOI authorized to operate railroad by EO 3861, June 8, 1923. Construction completed and railroad opened, July 15, 1923, with operating responsibility vested in Alaska Railroad Commission. Redesignated The Alaska Railroad by Secretary's Order, August 15, 1923. Transferred to Division of Territories and Island Possessions, DOI, by Secretary's Order 1040, February 13, 1936. Transferred to Office of Territories (successor to Office of Territories and Island Possessions), DOI, by Administrative Order 2577, July 28, 1950. Acquired independent status within DOI by manual release, December 16, 1959. Transferred to DOT and assigned to FRA, 1967. See 398.1. Transferred to State of Alaska, 1985.

Interstate Commerce Commission

Office of the Secretary made responsible for issuing and enforcing safety regulations for specified types of railroad equipment by the Safety Appliance Act of 1893 (27 Stat. 531), March 2, 1893. Functions transferred to newly established Division of Safety Appliances, July 1, 1911. Redesignated Division of Safety, 1914. Redesignated Bureau of Safety, October 17, 1917.

Division of Locomotive Boiler Inspection established July 1, 1911, to administer provisions of an act of February 17, 1911 (36 Stat. 913), requiring inspection of locomotive boilers. Redesignated Division of Locomotive Inspection pursuant to an act of March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. 1192), expanding inspection function to include entire locomotive engine and tender. Redesignated Bureau of Locomotive Inspection, October 17, 1917.

Division of Car Service established July 9, 1917, pursuant to the Esch Car Service Act (40 Stat. 101), May 29, 1917, to regulate railroad cars used in the transport of property. Redesignated Bureau of Car Service, October 17, 1917. Redesignated Bureau of Service, April 1920.

Bureaus of Safety, Locomotive Inspection, and Service consolidated to form Bureau of Safety and Service, June 1, 1954. Redesignated Bureau of Railroad Safety and Service in ICC reorganization, 1965. Transferred to DOT and consolidated into Bureau of Railroad Safety, FRA, 1967. See 398.1.

Section of Explosives established in Bureau of Service, April 1, 1925. Redesignated Explosives and Dangerous Articles Branch, Section of Railroad Safety, Bureau of Safety and Service, 1954. Transferred to Bureau of Operations and Compliance, as Section of Explosives and Dangerous Articles, 1965. Transferred to DOT and consolidated into Bureau of Railroad Safety, FRA, 1967. See 398.1.

Air transportation functions:

Federal Aviation Agency (FAA)

Aeronautics Branch established in Department of Commerce (DOC) by the Air Commerce Act of 1926 (44 Stat. 568), May 20, 1926. Redesignated Bureau of Air Commerce (BAC), July 1, 1934. Abolished by EO 7959, August 22, 1938, with functions transferred to Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), established as an independent agency by the Civil Aeronautics Act (52 Stat. 973), June 23, 1938, to regulate civil aeronautics and to promote its development and safety. CAA abolished and superseded in DOC by Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) and Civil Aeronautics Administration, pursuant to Reorganization Plans Nos. III and IV of 1940, effective June 30, 1940. Civil Aeronautics Administration abolished by the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (72 Stat. 731), August 23, 1958, with functions transferred to FAA, established by same act. FAA transferred to DOT and redesignated Federal Aviation Administration, 1967. See 398.1.

Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB)

Air Regulations Division established in Aeronautics Branch, DOC, implementing the Air Commerce Act of 1926 (44 Stat. 568), May 20, 1926. Responsible for inspecting and registering aircraft, examining and licensing pilots, investigating air accidents, and enforcing air traffic rules. Redesignated Air Regulation Service, November 1929. Transferred to newly established BAC and redesignated Air Regulation Division, July 1, 1934. Abolished in BAC reorganization, April 1937, with functions divided among newly established Safety and Planning, Certificate and Inspection, and Regulation and Enforcement Divisions. BAC abolished by EO 7959, August 22, 1938, pursuant to establishment of CAA, June 23, 1938, with regulatory and investigative functions transferred to CAA and assigned respectively to newly established Bureau of Safety Regulation and Air Safety Board. Pursuant to abolition of CAA and establishment of CAB, effective June 30, 1940, Bureau of Safety Regulation and Air Safety Board functions transferred to CAB and assigned to newly established Safety Bureau. Safety Bureau abolished, with regulatory functions assigned to newly established Bureau of Safety Regulation and investigative functions to newly established Bureau of Safety Investigation, 1948. Consolidated as Bureau of Safety, CAB, 1957. Regulatory functions transferred to newly established Federal Aviation Agency (see above), 1958. Bureau of Safety transferred to DOT and assigned to newly established National Transportation Safety Board as Bureau of Aviation Safety, 1967. See 398.1.

Marine transportation functions:

Revenue Marine Division established in Department of the Treasury (DT), 1843, assuming from collectors of customs responsibility for supervision of DT revenue cutters. Abolished, with function reassumed by collectors of customs, 1849. New Revenue Marine Division established, 1871. Redesignated Revenue Cutter Service by an act of July 31, 1894 (28 Stat. 171). Merged with Life Saving Service, DT, to form United States Coast Guard (USCG), DT, 1915. See USCG below.

Established in Revenue Marine Division, DT, 1871. Placed under a general superintendent immediately responsible to Secretary of the Treasury by an act of June 18, 1878 (20 Stat. 163). Merged with Revenue Cutter Service to form USCG, DT, 1915. See USCG below.

United States Coast Guard

Established in DT by an act of January 28, 1915 (38 Stat. 800), merging Revenue Cutter and Life Saving Services. Acquired functions of abolished Bureau of Lighthouses, Department of Commerce (DOC), by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939 (see below). By EO 9083, February 28, 1942, effective March 1, 1942, acquired functions of Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation relating to navigation, vessel inspection, and merchant seamen (see below). Transferred to DOT, acquiring in process the functions of the Great Lakes Pilotage Administration (see below) and Bureau of Customs functions relating to admeasurement and documentation of American vessels, 1967. See 398.1.

Responsibility for maintenance and operation of lighthouses initially vested in Secretary of the Treasury by an act of August 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 53). Responsibility for Lighthouse Service delegated to Commissioner of Revenue, 1792, and to Lighthouse Board, established in DT, October 9, 1852, by an act of August 31, 1852 (10 Stat. 119). Transferred to Department of Commerce and Labor (DOCL) by the Department of Commerce Act (32 Stat. 825), February 14, 1903. Superseded by Bureau of Lighthouses pursuant to an act of July 17, 1910 (36 Stat. 537). Assigned to DOC upon separation of DOC from DOCL by the Department of Commerce Act (37 Stat. 736), March 4, 1913. Abolished by Reorganization Plan No. II of 1939, effective July 1, 1939, with functions transferred to USCG, DT. See USCG above.

Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation

Steamboat Inspection Service (SIS) established in DT by the Steamboat Act (10 Stat. 61), August 30, 1852, to assume vessel inspection functions previously vested in U.S. district courts. Bureau of Navigation (BN) established in DT by an act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat. 118) to consolidate the administration of all navigation laws except those relating to vessel inspection, lighthouses, lifesaving, and revenue collection. SIS and BN transferred to DOCL by the act creating the department (32 Stat. 825), February 14, 1903, and to newly established DOC by an act of March 4, 1913 (37 Stat. 736). Consolidated to form Bureau of Navigation and Steamboat Inspection by an appropriations act (47 Stat. 415), June 30, 1932, effective August 1, 1932. Redesignated Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation by an act of May 27, 1936 (49 Stat. 1380). Merchant vessel documentation functions transferred to Bureau of Customs, DT and functions relating to merchant vessel inspection, safety of life at sea, and merchant vessel personnel transferred to USCG (see above), DT, by EO 9083, February 28, 1942. Functional transfers made permanent and bureau abolished by Reorganization Plan No. III of 1946, effective July 16, 1946.

Great Lakes Pilotage Administration

Established in DOC to administer the Great Lakes Pilotage Act of 1960 (74 Stat. 259), June 30, 1960. Transferred to DOT, 1967, and abolished, with functions transferred to USCG (see above). See 398.1.

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

Established as an independent agency by an act of May 13, 1954 (68 Stat. 92). Retained independent agency status under general direction and supervision of Secretary of Defense by EO 10534, June 9, 1954. Supervisory responsibility for completion of Saint Lawrence Seaway retained by Department of Defense, with all other supervisory functions transferred to Secretary of Commerce, by EO 10771, June 20, 1958. Transferred to DOT, 1967. See 398.1.

U.S. Shipping Board established January 30, 1917, pursuant to the Shipping Act (39 Stat. 729), September 7, 1916, to regulate commercial maritime carriers and trade practices, marine insurance, transfers of ship registry, and rates charged in interstate waterborne commerce. Abolished, effective March 2, 1934, with functions transferred to U.S. Shipping Board Bureau, DOC, by EO 6166, June 10, 1933. Abolished, with functions transferred to newly established U.S. Maritime Commission, by the Merchant Marine Act (49 Stat. 1985), June 29, 1936. Abolished, with functions divided between Maritime Administration (MA) in DOC, and Federal Maritime Board (FMB), by Reorganization Plan No. 21, effective May 24, 1950. FMB abolished, August 12, 1961, by Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961, with maritime subsidy functions assigned to MA. MA transferred to DOT by the Maritime Act of 1981 (95 Stat. 151), August 6, 1981. See 398.1.

Urban mass transit functions:

Urban Mass Transit Administration

Office of Transportation established in Housing and Home Finance Agency (HHFA), 1961, to administer mass transit demonstration project and loan program provisions of the Housing Act of 1961 (75 Stat. 149), June 30, 1961. HHFA abolished by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Act (79 Stat. 669), September 9, 1965, with mass transportation functions transferred to HUD and assigned to newly established Urban Transportation Administration (UTA). UTA abolished, with all functions except grant-making authority for mass transportation research projects transferred to DOT and assigned to newly established Urban Mass Transportation Administration, by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1968, effective July 1, 1968. See 398.1. Redesignated Federal Transit Administration by an act of December 18, 1991 (105 Stat. 2088).

Transportation safety research functions:

Electronic Research Center

Established in Cambridge, MA, as a component of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), with responsibility for research in instrumentation, communications, data processing, navigation, guidance, and control, 1965. Assigned to Office of Advanced Research and Technology, NASA, 1966. Transferred to DOT, assigned to Office of the Under Secretary of Transportation, and redesignated Transportation Systems Center, July 1, 1970. See 398.1. Transferred to Office of the Assistant Secretary for Systems Development and Technology, 1973. Consolidated with Materials Transportation Bureau (see RG 467), by DOT Directive 1100.23A, Change 81, September 23, 1977, to form Research and Special Programs Directorate. Redesignated Research and Special Programs Administration by Change 96 to DOT Directive 1100.23A, April 27, 1978.

398.2.1 Records of the Office of the Under Secretary for
Transportation, Department of Commerce

Tekstuele rekords: General correspondence, 1961-67. General correspondence of the Office of Transportation Policy Development, 1958-67.

Verwante rekords: Additional records of the Office of the Under Secretary for Transportation in RG 40, General Records of the Department of Commerce.

398.2.2 Records of the Office of the Secretary of Transportation

Tekstuele rekords: General correspondence, 1967-72, and, on microfilm, 1973-83 (607 rolls), with accompanying document lists, 1973-78. Subject files, 1971-75. Orders and notices, 1965-83. Records relating to the Secretary's travel, 1968-77. Records relating to the Secretary's speeches and appointments, 1965-76. Records relating to advisory and inter-agency committees, 1974-81. Records relating to the development of National Transportation Policy, Phase 1, 1989-90. Records relating to the development of National Transportation Policy, Phase 2, 1990-93. Records relating to departmental strategic planning, 1989-93. Records relating to the DOT 25th Anniversary Conference, May 13, 1992. Weekly reports to the Secretary from components of the Office of the Secretary and from DOT operating administrations ("Reports of Weekly Highlights"), 1967-77. Bi-weekly reports to the Secretary from components of the Office of the Secretary and from DOT operating administrations ("Reports of Bi-weekly Highlights"), 1977-79.

Masjienleesbare rekords: Index to memoranda and correspondence of the executive secretariat, 1979-91, with supporting documentation.

398.2.3 Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for
Administrasie

Tekstuele rekords: General correspondence, 1966-71. Organization manual, 1968-81.

398.2.4 Records of the Office of Public Affairs

Tekstuele rekords: Press releases, 1982-85. Transportation News Digest, 1981-85.

398.3 Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy
and International Affairs
1969-74

Tekstuele rekords: General files, 1966-67, 1970, 1974. Subject files, 1967-69.

Masjienleesbare rekords: Northeast Corridor Intercity Travel Study, 1969-71, with supporting documentation (5 data sets).

Soek hulpmiddels: National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.

398.4 Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Systems
Development and Technology
1973-83

Tekstuele rekords: Records of the Office of University Research including research and development technical reports, 1973-83.

Verwante rekords: Records of the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, 1965-93, in RG 467, Records of the Research and Special Programs Administration (Transportation).

398.5 Records of the Office of General Counsel
1967-74

Tekstuele rekords: Records of the Office of the Assistant General Counsel for Legislation including general correspondence, 1967-74 and general legislative program files, 1967-84.

398.6 Video Recordings (General)
1975-79, 1990-92

DOT officials' news conferences and interviews, 1975-79 (23 items). Speech by President Jimmy Carter, February 24, 1977 (1 item). Interviews of First Lady Rosalynn Carter, December 11, 1977, and Assistant to the President Hamilton Jordan, August 2, 1978 (2 items). Feature story on railroads, December 14, 1978 (1 item). Conference on workforce diversity with Secretary Samuel K. Skinner, October 25, 1990 (1 item). National Transportation Policy (NTP) Phase 2 productions including "Moving America into the 21st Century," March 1990 "People . . . Mission . . . Organization . . . Launching Phase 2 of NTP," June 13, 1990 "Moving America Together into the 21st Century," June 13, 1990 "Transportation Opportunities, Organizational Challenges," April 11, 1991 and "The Future Starts Here," May 13, 1992 (17 items).

398.7 Sound Recordings (General)
1970-77

Press conferences, briefings, speeches, and Congressional testimony of DOT officials, 1970-77 (257 items).

398.8 Machine-Readable Records (General)

Bibliografiese nota: Webweergawe gebaseer op Guide to Federal Records in die National Archives of the United States. Saamgestel deur Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 bladsye.

Hierdie webweergawe word van tyd tot tyd bygewerk om rekords wat sedert 1995 verwerk is, in te sluit.


MARYLAND PORT COMMISSION

Appointed by Governor with Senate advice & consent to 3-year terms: Brenda A. Dandy, 2021 Edward F. McDonald, 2021 Christian R. Dean, 2022 J. Robert Huber, Sr., 2022 John A. Lunn, Sr., D.Min., 2023 David M. Richardson, 2023.

Ex officio (nonvoting): Kelly M. Schulz, Secretary of Commerce.

Meetings: 1st Tuesday, 9:00 a.m.

MARYLAND PORT ADMINISTRATION

      CHIEF OF STAFF
      Christina L. Nichols, Hoof van personeel (410) 385-4437 e-mail: [email protected]

        GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS
        Jennifer C. Guthrie, Bestuurder (410) 385-4484
        e-mail: [email protected]

        CAPITAL PLANNING
        Thomas O. Hall, Special Assistant (410) 385-4830 e-mail: [email protected]

      MARKET PLANNING
      Vacancy, Bestuurder (410) 385-4439

      FINANCE
      Wonza F. Spann-Nicholas, Director & Chief Financial Officer (410) 385-4560
      e-mail: [email protected]

      ACCOUNTING & FINANCIAL SERVICES
      Mary Kay Radford, Bestuurder (410) 385-4697
      e-mail: [email protected]

      BUDGET
      Anthony L. Moore, Bestuurder (410) 385-4738
      e-mail: [email protected]

      MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SERVICES
      Myung-Ki Choi, Bestuurder (410) 385-4885
      e-mail: [email protected]

        Patrice LeBond, Real Property Administrator (410) 385-4410
        Daren J. Dean, World Trade Center Building Manager (410) 385-4707
        e-mail: [email protected]@marylandports.com

      TAIWAN
      Shin-I Lin, Direkteur 011 (886) 2-2314-8952 fax: 011 (886) 2-2381-3717
      9 F1, 83 Chung King S. Road, Sec. 1, Taipei, Taiwan R.O.C.
      e-mail: [email protected]

      NEW YORK
      Charles L. McGinley, Regional Sales Manager (908) 964-0772 fax: (908) 964-0882
      445 Winthrop Road, Union, NJ 07083
      e-mail: [email protected]

      LOGISTICS & PORT OPERATIONS
      (J00D0001)
      FY2021 appropriation: $51,525,057 authorized positions: 174
      Brian W. Miller, Deputy Executive Director (410) 385-4829
      e-mail: [email protected]

          CRANES & FACILITY MAINTENANCE
          Joseph F. Nickoles, Deputy Director (410) 633-1116
          e-mail: [email protected]

        MARYLAND TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION

        Appointed by Maryland Transit Administrator:
        Ally Amerson M. Linda Greene Benjamin Groff Sachin Hebar Matt Peterson Susan Sperry Lauren Stevens Jed Weeks.

        ADMINISTRATION
        Peter J. Tollini, Chief Administrative Officer (410) 767-0029
        e-mail: [email protected]

        Veronica D. Lowe, Deputy Director (410) 767-3865 e-mail: [email protected]

        OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS & MARKETING
        Veronica A. Battisti, Senior Director (410) 767-8748 e-mail: [email protected]
        Linda Eby, Deputy Director (410) 767-8746 e-mail: [email protected]

        FINANCE
        Glenn E. Davis, Chief Financial Officer (410) 767-6044
        e-mail: [email protected]ta.maryland.gov

        Charlotte Khan, Deputy Director (410) 767-8780 e-mail: [email protected]

          OFFICE OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
          Philip D. Sullivan, Chief Performance Officer (410) 767-8760 e-mail: [email protected]

        Lt. Col. Fred W. Damron, Jr., Deputy Chief of Police (410) 454-1633
        e-mail: [email protected]

            ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
            Capt. E. Lee Fenner, Bevelvoerder (410) 454-1651 e-mail: [email protected]

          OPERATIONS BUREAU
          Maj. Jerome E. Howard, Jr., Bevelvoerder (410) 454-1621
          e-mail: [email protected]

            NORTHERN DISTRICT
            Capt. Bryan White, Bevelvoerder (410) 454-1671 e-mail: [email protected]

          SOUTHERN DISTRICT
          Capt. Shawn Wallace, Bevelvoerder (410) 454-7512 e-mail: [email protected]

          PLANNING, PROGRAM, & ENGINEERING
          Holly Arnold, Deputy Administrator & Chief Planning, Program, & Engineering Officer (410) 767-3027
          e-mail: [email protected]

            OFFICE OF ENGINEERING
            Vernon G. Hartsock, Chief Engineer & Deputy Chief Administrative Officer (410) 767-3323
            e-mail: [email protected]

          OFFICE OF PLANNING & PROGRAMMING
          Kate Sylvester, Direkteur (410) 767-3027 e-mail: [email protected]
          Vacancy, Deputy Director (410) 767-3889

          ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
          Lauren Molesworth, Bestuurder (410) 767-3769

          DEPUTY CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER
          Vacancy, Deputy Chief Operating Officer (410) 454-7710

          BUS TRANSPORTATION
          (J00H0102)
          FY2021 appropriation: $491,146,908 authorized positions: 2,119.5
          Robert Bennett, Direkteur (410) 454-7171 e-mail: [email protected]
          Ronald E. Clash, Acting Deputy Director (410) 454-7171 e-mail: [email protected]
          web: https://mta.maryland.gov/local-bus

          Light rail train, Cromwell Light Rail Station, 7378 Baltimore & Annapolis Blvd., Glen Burnie (Anne Arundel County), Maryland, October 2018. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.

          MARYLAND TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY

          Chair: Gregory I. Slater, Secretary of Transportation

          Appointed by Governor with Senate advice & consent to 3-year terms: Dontae S. Carroll, 2023 William C. Ensor III, 2023 Cynthia D. Penny-Ardinger, Esq., 2023 Jeffrey S. Rosen, 2023 William H. Cox, 2024 W. Lee Gaines, Jr., 2024 Mario J. Gangemi, 2024 John F. von Paris, 2024.

                OFFICE OF AUDITS
                Paul Trentalance, Director of Audits (410) 537-1093 e-mail: [email protected]

              DIVISION OF OPERATIONS
              William N. Pines, Hoofbedryfsbeampte (410) 456-8045
              e-mail: [email protected]

                DIVISION OF CONSTRUCTION
                Joseph P. Jachelski, Direkteur (410) 537-7882 e-mail: [email protected]

                WILLIAM PRESTON LANE, JR. MEMORIAL BRIDGE [BAY BRIDGE]
                Richard E. Jaramillo, Facility Administrator (410) 295-8157 e-mail: [email protected]
                (877) 229-7726 (BAYSPAN) (traffic information)
                web: http://baybridge.maryland.gov/

                ADMINISTRATION BUREAU
                Lt. Col. Lucy C. Lyles, Bevelvoerder (410) 537-7738 e-mail: [email protected]

              OPERATIONS BUREAU
              Lt. Col. Joseph F. Scott, Jr., Bevelvoerder (410) 537-7760
              e-mail: [email protected]

                LOGISTICS DIVISION
                Maj. Richard A. Ricko, Bevelvoerder (410) 537-7630 e-mail: [email protected]

              PATROL DIVISION
              Maj. Ronce E. Alford, Bevelvoerder (410) 537-7733 e-mail: [email protected]

              SPECIAL OPERATIONS DIVISION
              Maj. Corey E. McKenzie, Bevelvoerder (410) 537-7712 e-mail: [email protected]

                GENERAL ACCOUNTING
                Vacancy, Direkteur (410) 537-5758

              REVENUE ACCOUNTING
              Cheryl T. Lewis-Orr, Direkteur (410) 537-5752 e-mail: [email protected]

              Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies Maryland Departments Maryland Independent Agencies Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Maryland Universities & Colleges Maryland Counties Maryland Municipalities Maryland at a Glance

              Maryland Manual On-Line

              Search the Manual e-mail: [email protected]


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