Inligting

Antieke goue hoards van die Keltiese El Dorado


Die legendariese verlore goudstad, El Dorado, het die afgelope 500 jaar meer as 500 formele skatteherwinningspanne na Suid -Amerika gelok en meer as 3 000 mense het verlore geraak op soek na antieke goue bekers en sonskyfies, en terwyl die oerwoude van die vasteland gelaai met goud, so ook die velde, riviere en antieke landskappe van die noordelike Kelte van die huidige Ierland, Wallis en Skotland.

Waterford County (regs) aan die suid-weskus van Ierland

Ierland se Goudkus

Berge en riviere wat goudneerslae bevat, was bekend by die ou inwoners van Ierland omstreeks 2500-500 vC en meer goudstortings uit die Bronstydperk is in Ierland gevind as op enige ander plek in Europa. Die graafskap Waterford, van Dungarvan tot Stradbally, staan ​​plaaslik bekend as die 'Goudkus' vir sy hoë goudwaardes in strome, maar ongelukkig het hierdie kennis van goud verlore gegaan deur duisende jare van immigrasie en vind baie min goudmyn in die land plaas vandag. 'N Duimreël is egter dat Ierse plekname wat die woord' ór 'bevat, waarskynlik uit goud' erts 'lyk.

Goue lunula uit Blessington, Co Wicklow (Vroeë Bronstydperk, ongeveer 2400 vC - 2000 vC) ( CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Daar was 'n aantal skatkiste in Ierland, en in 2018 is die 'swaarste skatkis ooit in die geskiedenis van die land' gevind en word dit nou in die National Museum of Ireland vertoon. 'N Irish Times 'n artikel van Julie 2018 aangekondig: "Ondersoeke deur kenners van die museum het bevestig dat vier goue ringe wat deel was van die skrop wat vroeër vanjaar in Donegal opgegrawe is, dateer uit die laat Bronstydperk." Met 'n gewig van meer as vier kilogram en 'n waarde van 250 000 euro (279 735 dollar), is die goud in 'n veld in Tullydonnell Lower, naby Convoy in East Donegal, ontdek in 'n uitstekende toestand, byna perfek. 1200 vC tot 800 vC.

Die vier goue ringe is herwin uit County Donegal, Ierland. Bron: Caroline Carr, Donegal County Museum.

Hierdie goue sirkelvormige ringe word dikwels 'armbande' genoem vanweë hul grootte, maar ander spesialiste meen dat goud wat op hierdie manier gevorm is, waarskynlik 'n manier was om rykdom op te slaan. 'N Woordvoerder van die Donegal County Museum het aan die BBC: "Persoonlik dink ek nie dat dit armbande is nie - hulle pas nie eers my arm nie," wat gelei het tot bespiegeling dat die goue ringe 'n vorm van antieke munt kan wees.


Yamashita Gold: The Philippine Treasure Caves

U het sekerlik die verhale van die Azteekse goud en die Inca -skat gehoor, maar wat van die Yamashita -goud? Generaal Yamashita van die Imperial Army of Japan het na bewering tonne goud in die Filippyne begrawe of weggesteek. Letterlik tonne goud, onder andere edelmetale, juwele en kunswerke. Die beweerde waarde van al hierdie skat? Miljarde en miljarde dollars.

True Life Tale of Yamashita Gold Treasure

© Can Stock Photo Inc. /bashta

Waar kom Yamashita goud vandaan?

Dit is 'n bekende feit dat Japan Asië in die jare voor en met die Tweede Wêreldoorlog geplunder het. Volgens die legende het hulle 'n ware fortuin vir hulself ingesamel. Daar is selfs 'n spesiale span geskep wie se enigste doel was om die binnegevalde lande te plunder. Die span is “The Golden Lily” genoem.

Daar was soveel van hierdie gekonfiskeerde buit dat dit 'n voltydse poging verg om dit alles na Japan terug te vervoer. Die Filippyne is aanvanklik gebruik as 'n wegbreekplek waar die gebuitte skat vir die laaste been van die reis op skepe gelaai sou word.

Amerikaanse magte het 'n probleem vir Japan geword toe hulle 'n aantal skepe op die oop see begin sink het. Die koninklike familie van Japan het besluit om die oorblywende skat in die Filippyne weg te steek en dit is waar generaal Yamashita inkom.

Die taak van Yamashita was om die planne te organiseer en uit te voer om tonnels te grawe en grotte te vind waarin al die goud en ander items weggesteek kan word. Japannese soldate en krygsgevangenes is gebruik om tonnels uit te grawe en die berging in die grotte in te skuif.

Ongelukkig vir hulle, toe die goud oorgedra is, was die ingange bedek. Gewoonlik ontplof hulle bomme by die openinge, en laat die arbeiders binne vasgekeer om te sterf.

Yamashita word onmiddellik uit die hofsaal vergesel nadat sy op 31 Desember 1945 ter dood veroordeel is deur ophanging.

Waar is die skat van Yamashita nou?

Daar blyk baie teorieë te wees oor wat oor die jare met die Yamashita -goud gebeur het.

Een teorie het Ferdinand Marcos, oud-president van die Filippyne, 'n goeie deel van die skat gevind en dit bewaar vir eie gewin. Hy het tydens sy ampstermyn streng beheer oor die soektog en opgrawing geneem en moes elke ekspedisie persoonlik goedkeur.

Een van hierdie ekspedisies was onder leiding van Rogelio Roxas. Roxas beweer dat hy 'n groot goudkas in 'n grot gevind het in 1971. Hy het 'n regsgeding teen Marcos en sy vrou aanhangig gemaak. Hy het gesê dat sodra sy ontdekking aan Marcos bekend gemaak is, hy geslaan en gearresteer is en dat sy goud deur Marcos se mans geneem is. Die staat Hawaii (waar die geding ingedien is) het uiteindelik ten gunste van Roxas bevind. Deur aan te dui dat daar voldoende bewyse was om aan te toon dat hy inderdaad goud gevind het wat later van hom geneem is, het hulle hom $ 6 miljoen toegeken.

Rogelio Roxas maak 'n foto met 'n goue Boeddha wat hy na bewering in 'n grot ontdek het. Beeldkrediet: http://www.labrujulaverde.com/

Ander historici en navorsers beweer dat die Verenigde State 'n groot deel van die skat gekry het in ruil daarvoor dat hulle nie aanklagte teen die koninklike familie weens oorlogsmisdade en ander gruweldade ingedien het nie. Daar word gesê dat die CIA en die OSS baie van die goud ontvang het wat gebruik is om die agentskappe te finansier.

Skeptici twyfel

Selfs met Roxas se regverdiging en boeke soos Gold Warriors, is daar baie skeptici wat twyfel oor die bestaan ​​van die Yamashita -skat of ten minste betwis word oor die bedrae wat na bewering bestaan. Hulle beweer dat daar soveel meer ontdekkingsverhale sou wees as daar soveel goud weggesteek is as wat die geskiedenis beweer. Daar is min of geen bewys dat goud gevind word nie, ondanks verskeie bewerings deur skatjagters en Filippynse inboorlinge. Dokumentasie en foto's moet beslis bestaan. Maar daar is geen sodanige bewys van enige van hierdie bewerings nie. Roxas se verhaal is waarskynlik die naaste wat ons ooit sal kon kom om die verhaal te staaf. As sodanig het die skat van Yamashita legendariese afmetings aangeneem, soos die verlore goudstad van die Incan, genaamd El Dorado, of die Oak Island Money Pit, die nou beroemde plek van die begrawe skat van kaptein Kidd.

Daar is nog steeds skattejagters wat hul lewens daaraan wy om die goudskat van Yamashita te vind. Hulle hoop om net 'n klein gedeelte van die buit te vind wat so lank gelede versteek was. Miskien is die meeste daarvan reeds gevind en gehelp om intelligensie -agentskappe en die groot versameling skoene van Imelda Marcos te befonds (dit was werklik indrukwekkend!). As ons wonder, soek ons. En miskien net ... die res van die skat van Yamashita sal gevind word.


Soek antieke muntstukke met 'n metaalverklikker

Antieke munte bied 'n unieke manier om na die geskiedenis te kyk. Baie is gestempel met beelde van heersers van die tyd, krygers, tempelgevels, en selfs beelde van die daaglikse lewe, soos mans wat die veld ploeg. Terwyl ons na die muntstukke in ons sak kyk, in argeologiese terme, soos ou muntstukke, gee die visuele besonderhede wat op hierdie munte verskyn, insig in die kultuur waartoe die geldeenheid behoort. Sonder hierdie stukke geskiedenis sou baie van hierdie inligting andersins nie aan toekomstige geslagte oorgedra kon word nie. Terwyl u die stokperdjie ondersoek om antieke muntstukke op te spoor, moet u ons verwante artikel met die titel 'Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers vir die vind van muntstukke' lees.

U sien, in teenstelling met baie ander voorwerpe wat deur die geskiedenis geskep is, was muntstukke van metaal. Dit gee hulle 'n baie groter kans dat hulle deur die tyd sal bly, maar ook dat hulle vandag opgespoor kan word. Antieke munte gemaak van brons, goud, silwer en ander metale wat vandag met behulp van 'n metaalverklikker gevind kan word. Hierdie moderne masjiene kan stokperdjies en navorsers help om deur lae aarde te soek om hierdie kosbare, histories belangrike voorwerpe op te spoor. Nie net dit nie, as ou muntstukke in 'n gebied in die algemeen geleë is, kan die hele gebied dan noukeurig deur argeoloë opgegrawe word en kan baie ander historiese vondste gevolg word.

Gegewe die tipe samelewings wat deur die geskiedenis heen gebruik is, was muntstukke in Europa een van die beste gebiede om antieke muntstukke te vind. Onlangs het twee metaalverklikker -stokperdjies 'n groot trekplek van meer as 50 000 bronsmuntstukke gevind wat dateer uit 50 vC (die laat ystertydperk) op die Kanaaleiland Jersey in Noord -Europa. Hierdie Keltiese munte is slegs as 'n massiewe stapel in 'n groot stuk grond gevind nadat die mans 'n paar maande tevore ongeveer 60 silwer muntstukke en een goue muntstuk in die omgewing gevind het. As hulle nie hierdie ou muntstukke gevind het nie, was hierdie stukke van die verlede moontlik vir ewig vir toekomstige geslagte verlore. Lees gerus ons verwante blogpos getiteld "Finding Ancient Coins with a Metal Detector."

Dit is egter nie maklik om antieke munte op te spoor nie, selfs met 'n muntdetektor het die manne hierbo genoem 30 jaar in dieselfde gebied gesoek voordat hulle hierdie kas met ou muntstukke gevind het! Die beste metaalverklikker vir munte sal egter help. Omdat antieke muntstukke soms in skatkaste of skatte diep onder die grond geleë is, kan twee boksmetaalverklikkers nuttig wees om hierdie groter skatte op te spoor. U wil na 'n paar faktore kyk wat kan help om te bepaal watter masjien eintlik die beste vir u is. As u 'n groot skatkas van ou muntstukke met 'n metaalverklikker wil vind, lees dan ons artikel getiteld "Wat is die beste twee -boks- en dieptemetaldetektore?"

Metaaldetektor ontwerp en gewig:
As u muntdetektor te swaar of ongemaklik is om vas te hou, is dit nie vir u lekker om antieke muntstukke op te spoor nie. Gelukkig maak nuwe materiale masjiene met 'n ligter gewig nog makliker, dus maak nie saak wat u fisiese fiksheidsvlak is nie, daar is waarskynlik 'n diep soekende metaaldetektor wat 'n gewig is wat u met gemak en gemak kan hanteer. As u net aan die gang is, moet u ons artikel met die titel 'Wat is die beste metaaldetektore vir beginners', lees.

Gebruiksgemak en fisiese opset:
Die opset van die muntdetektor wat u kies, is ook 'n belangrike oorweging. Oor die algemeen is muntdetektore op 'n paal of 'n paal gemonteer. Die opsie om 'n bietjie van die gewig van die masjien op u heup te plaas, is 'n ander manier om dit vir sommige individue ligter en makliker te maak. As u hulp soek by die keuse van die beste model, lees dan ons artikel getiteld 'Hoe om 'n metaaldetektor te kies'.

Doelidentifikasie:
Tans bied sommige metaaldetektore vir muntstukke en diep soekers 'n visuele en of 'n klankdoel -identifikasie -opsie. Die visuele vertoning toon die moontlike identifikasie van die teiken wat die masjien opspoor. Die klank -identifikasie -opsie bied verskillende kleure om u te waarsku oor die tipe doel waargeneem word.

Grondbalans:
As u antieke muntstukke in 'n gebied met swaar grondmineralisering opspoor, word 'n metaalverklikker met 'n grondbalansbeheer aanbeveel. Gemaalde minerale kan vals geklets veroorsaak en hierdie funksie help om die gevolge van hierdie minerale te verminder, sodat u masjien die beoogde teikens kan vind.

Soek spoelgrootte:
Omdat ou muntstukke so oud is, word dit ook gewoonlik op dieper grond gevind. Met 'n groot soekspoel of 'n twee -boks metaalverklikker kan u verder in die aarde soek. Dit is belangrik as u na antieke munte soek. Vir die diepste skatkaste wil u 'n metaalverklikker met 'n baie groot spoel of 'n tweeboks -spoelopsie kies.

Ontdek u begroting:
Laat u begroting die deurslaggewende faktor wees as u die finale besluit neem oor die beste metaalverklikkers vir muntstukke. Daar is uitstekende masjiene by elke prys, en as u u begroting in gedagte hou, sal die hele stokperdjie meer aangenaam en aangenamer wees, aangesien u nie te veel uitbrei nie.

Om hierdie verborge skatte op te spoor, sal u sekerlik 'n paar goeie graafwerktuie benodig. Lees ons artikel met die titel "Wat is die beste graafgrawe en grawe vir metaalopsporing?"

Onthou, muntstukke is nie altyd op die oppervlak soos 'n skat wat u kan vind nie. Miskien moet u diep soek en diep delf om hierdie kosbare stukke te herstel. Voordat u vertrek, moet u ook die tyd neem om al die nodige navorsing te doen om die regte webwerf te vind om u soektog te begin, asook om toestemming te kry van eienaars van eiendom wat nodig mag wees.

Uiteindelik is die vind van ou muntstukke nie net opwindend vir u nie. Die historiese implikasies kan u hele gemeenskap en selfs die hele wêreld beïnvloed! Hou dus aan om met u diep soekende metaalverklikker te soek, en eendag kan u ook 'n paar seldsame en ou muntstukke vind wat vir ons almal 'n venster in die verlede bied. As u dit geniet om ou munte op te spoor, moet u die verwante stokperdjie van die grawe van antieke bottels in ons artikel ondersoek "Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers om antieke bottels te vind?"

& kopieer 2013 Detector Electronics Corp.

  • Metaalverklikker resensies, graderings | Hoogste gegradeerde metaalverklikkers
  • Die geskiedenis van die metaalverklikker
  • Bekende uitvinders het hul hande op die eerste metaalverklikkers gehad
  • Antieke bottel grawe
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers om antieke bottels te vind?
    • Gebruik diep soekende metaalverklikkers om privaat kuipe en antieke bottels op te spoor
    • Wat is 'n metaalverklikker pinpointer?
    • Antieke speelgoedjag met 'n metaalverklikker
    • Metaalverklikkers onder water - kyk na die beste opsies
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers vir metaalopsporing op die strand?
    • Duik met 'n metaalverklikker
    • Skat wat u in tot ses voet water kan vind
    • Hoe kan u geniet van metaalopsporing tydens u volgende vakansie?
    • Life's a Beach: Bring net jou metaalverklikker!
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers om muntstukke te vind?
    • Soek antieke muntstukke met 'n metaalverklikker
    • Verlore juweliersware word gereeld gevind met 'n metaalverklikker
    • Wenke om muntstukke in u eie omgewing te vind
    • Wat is die beste twee boks- en diepmetaalverklikkers?
    • Vind begrawe skatkaste en ampte
    • Wat is die beste metaalwyserspenne?
    • Wat is die beste graafgrawe en grawe vir metaalopsporing?
    • Wat is die beste strand sandbolle vir metaalopsporing?
    • Etikette grawe en die beste hulpmiddels vir doelherwinning
    • Wat is 'n metaalverklikker pinpointer?
    • Metaalverklikkers is nuttig in geocaching
    • Meer as 1 miljoen geocaches word rondom u versteek
    • Geocaching en metaalopsporing: twee opwindende stokperdjies gekombineer
    • Wat is die beste goudopsporende metaalverklikker?
    • Goudklompjag met 'n metaalverklikker
    • Jag op goud: die beste goudmetaalverklikker
    • Metaalopsporings: Ontdek navorsing in u plaaslike biblioteek - Ontdek die beste plekke om skatte op te spoor
    • Hoe om 'n metaalverklikker te kies
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikker?
    • Kies 'n koptelefoon vir metaaldetektore
    • Die keuse van 'n metaalverklikker soek spoel
    • Treasure Hunter se etiese kode
    • Met watter bykomstighede vir metaalverklikkers moet ek begin?
    • Wat is die beste metaaldetektore vir beginners?
    • Watter metaalverklikker is die beste vir u?
    • Hoe om te leer oor die wetenskap en die stokperdjie van metaalopsporing?
    • Advies wat u moet lees vir elke nuwe stokperdjie-hobbyist
    • Suksesvolle speurders deel hul geheime met beginners.
    • Is 'n Bounty Hunter metaalverklikker reg vir u?
    • Word 'n detektor: Garrett -metaalverklikkers Ace -reeks perfek vir 'n eerste keer koper
    • Beste beginnersmetaalverklikker
    • Hoe vind u meteoriete, goud en ander kosbare minerale met 'n metaaldetektor?
    • Kan u op soek na diamante en edelstene met 'n metaalverklikker?
    • Wat is die beste industriële metaalverklikkers?
    • Beste metaalmeters vir kinders
    • Wat is die beste metaaldetektore vir beginners?
    • Vind die perfekte metaalverklikker vir u tiener
    • Metaalverklikkers vir kinders: 'n vuurhoutjie wat in die hemel gemaak is
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers vir onderwateropsporing en herwinning?
    • Skattejag onder water met afstandsbedryfvoertuie (ROV)
    • Ongerepte skeepswrakke en toerusting om dit op te spoor
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers om meteoriete te vind?
    • Hoe om metaalverklikkers te gebruik om meteoriete te vind
    • Garrett -metaalverklikkers soos gesien op die TV Show Made in America
    • Maak jou vonds skoon
    • Metaalopsporing bykomstighede en noodsaaklikhede
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikker?
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers om oorblyfsels te vind?
    • Burgeroorlog -relikwiejag: vir die nis -metaalopsporing -stokperdjie
    • Versorging en bewaring van oorblyfsels gevind met metaalverklikkers
    • Waar om skatte te vind: jag op ongewone plekke
    • Hoe om historiese kaarte te gebruik om die beste skattejagwebwerwe op te spoor
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers vir veiligheidsstawe?
    • Verstaan ​​en kies deurloop deur veiligheidsmetaalverklikkers
    • Voorkoming van diefstal van werknemers op die werkplek
    • Groter behoefte aan sekuriteitsmetaalverklikkers om skole en openbare plekke te beskerm
    • Waarom metaalopsporing die perfekte stokperdjie vir bejaardes is
    • Wat is die beste metaalverklikkers vir seniors en afgetredenes?
    • 10 beste historiese metaalopsporingsvondste
    • Bounty Hunter
      • Bounty Hunter Metal Detector Vergelyking: Goud, Titanium, Platinum, Platinum Pro
      • Bounty Hunter Legacy 1500, 2500, 3500 Metaalverklikker vergelyking
      • Camel Mining Desert Fox Gold Panning Machine
      • Camel Mining Bergbok Trommel Produkoorsig
      • Produkoorsig van Camel Mining Pro-Camel 24 outomatiese goue panmasjien
      • Copperhead ViperMag Volledige opsporingstelsel vir hulpprogramme
      • Vergelyking van Detech Search Coil
      • Oorsig van Detech -metaaldetektor: Relic Striker, EDS Gold Catcher, SSP 5100 en Chaser
      • Black Widow -produkoorsig
      • Die produkoorsig van die Rattler -metaaldetektor -koptelefoon
      • Uiteindelike produkoorsig van Grey Ghost -koptelefoon
      • Oorspronklike produk van Grey Ghost
      • DetectorPro Grey Ghost -koptelefoon vir XP DEUS
      • Produkoorsig van Gray Ghost Amfibiese koptelefoon
      • Grey Ghost Deep Woods Metal Detecting Headphones Review
      • Grey Ghost DMC -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Grey Ghost NDT -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Grey Ghost onderwater -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Grey Ghost Underwater vir Minelab CTX -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Nugget Busters Metaalopsporing van koptelefoon Produkoorsig
      • Jolly Roger -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Nugget Busters NDT -metaalopsporing -koptelefoonoorsig
      • Jolly Rogers beoordeel die produkoorsig van metaalopsporing van koptelefoon
      • Die F4 is 'n uitstekende metaalverklikker
      • Fisher F5 -oorsig
      • Toets die Fisher Lab se F75
      • F-75 Piekprestasie
      • Fisher F-75: Eerste indruk
      • Fisher F11, F22 en F44 Metaalverklikkers vergelyking
      • Vergelyking van Fisher XLT-30 vloeibare lekdetektore
      • Fisher XLT 17 en XLT 30 Liquid Leak Detector Vergelyking
      • Fisher -metaalverklikker -vergelyking: F4-, F5- en F70 -modelle
      • Fisher F75 -vergelyking: F75, en F75 Plus en F75 spesiale beperkte uitgawe
      • Fisher Gold Bug, Gold Bug 2 en Gold Bug Pro Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Fisher F70 en F75 Metaalverklikker vergelyking
      • Fisher CZ-21 en Fisher 1280-X Aquanaut waterdigte metaalverklikkers vergelyking
      • Fisher TW-82, TW-82P, TW-8800 Industrial Digital Line Tracer Vergelyking
      • Fisher Industrial Metal Detector Vergelyking: M-97, M-66, M-101
      • Fisher XLT-17 en Fisher XLT 100 Compact Acoustic Water Leak Detector Vergelyking
      • Fisher Hand-held Security Metal Detector Wand Vergelyking: CW-20, CW-10, plus M-Scope Walk-Through Security Metal Detector
      • Toets die Garrett Ace 250
      • Ontdek skat en inspirasie met die Garrett Pro-Pointer Metal Detector
      • Garrett AT Pro versus Garrett AT goue vergelyking
      • Garrett Ace -reeks metaaldetektor vergelyking: Ace 200, 300 en 400 modelle
      • Garrett AT -reeks vergelyking: AT Pro, AT Gold en AT Max
      • Garrett Pro-Pointer Pinpointer-vergelyking: Pro-Pointer II, Pro-Pointer AT en Pro-Pointer AT met Z-Lynk Wireless
      • Garrett Ace 400 versus AT Pro Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Garrett ATX Standard en Garrett ATX Deepseeker Waterdigte metaalverklikkers vergelyking
      • Garrett PD6500i versus Garrett MZ 6100 ™ Walk-Through Security Metal Detectors
      • Garrett Superwand, Garrett Superscanner V en Garrett THD Metal Detector Security Wands Vergelyking
      • Garrett -metaalverklikker -vergelyking: GTI 2500 Pro -pakket en GTI 2500 Pro -pakket + Eagle Eye Depth -vermenigvuldiger
      • Garrett AT Max versus GTI 2500 Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Garrett CSI 250 Crime Scene Investigation versus CSI Pro Ground Search Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Garrett Ace Apex multi-frekwensie weerbestande metaaldetektor met waterdigte 6 "x 11" DD Viper Searchcoil Basiese pakket vs. Draadlose pakketvergelyking
      • Garrett Ace Apex multi-frekwensie weerbestande metaalverklikker Basiese versus draadlose pakket
      • Goldak ML en MLX EMS Marker Locators Vergelykingsgids
      • Goldak ML en MLX en EMS Marker Locator Vergelykingskaart
      • Vergelyking van Goldak-lekdetektor: kombinasie 777-A, 777-B en 4360 pyp- en lekdetector.
      • Vergelyking van Goldak Triad 2310 Locators
      • Vergelyking van Goldak Valve Locator: 720 en 7200 XP
      • Goldak 600 kragkabelsoeker met koptelefoon
      • Oorsigkaart van die Goldak 600 kragkabelsoeker
      • Goldak CI-5120 kamera en sonde-opsporing
      • Goldak CI-5120 Oorsigkaart vir kamera- en sondezoeker
      • Goldak 902 Pipe & Cable Locator Vergelyking: Locator en Locator met Subscanner
      • Vergelykingskaart van Goldak 720 teenoor 7200XP klepopsporing
      • Groundtech Discovery SM Smart 3D grondskandering -detektor vs. Groundtech Discovery SMR Smart 3D grondskanderingsdetektor + weerstandsvergelyking
      • Leica ULTRA Utility Detection and Tracing System Vergelyking: 5 Watt Standard, 12 Watt Standard, 12 Watt Advanced
      • Leica Detect DD Series Utility Locator SMART -pakketvergelyking: DD230 en DD220
      • Leica DSX Utility Detection Starter Kit met DXplore Perpetual License Oorsig
      • Leica DS2000-4 Radar-vergelyking met vierwiel-opsporing van die nut: standaard- en starterset
      • Skrywer Clive Clynick veld toets die Makro Pointer
      • Nokta Makro Kruzer -reeks vergelyking: Kruzer, Multi Kruzer en Gold Kruzer waterdigte metaalverklikkers
      • Nokta Makro Anfibio versus Multi Kruzer Waterproof Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Nokta Makro Simplex+ en Nokta Makro Simplex+ WHP waterdigte metaalverklikker vergelyking
      • Nokta Makro waterdigte metaalverklikker vergelyking: Anfibio Multi, Anfibio 14, Anfibio 19
      • Nokta Makro Smart Metal Detector Vergelyking: Invenio Standard Pack, Invenio Pro Pack
      • Nokta -metaalverklikkervergelyking: Impact Standard Package, Impact Pro Package
      • Nokta Makro PulseDive Pinpointer, Nokta Makro PulseDive Scuba Detector Pinpointer 2-In-1 en Nokta Pointer Waterproof Pinpointer Vergelyking
      • Vergelyking van Nokta Makro -metaaldetektor: JeoHunter 3D Dual System, Deephunter Pro
      • Nokta Makro Waterproof Kids Metal Detector Vergelyking: MIDI Hoard en Mini Hoard
      • NEL Soek spoelvergelyking
      • Produkoorsig van sandskepdraer
      • ReadyShovel -produkoorsig
      • Vergelyking van die magnetiese opsporing van Schonstedt: GA-52CX, GA-72CD en Spot
      • Schonstedt Magnetic Locator Vergelyking: GA-92XTd en Maggie
      • Vergelyking van die enkele frekwensie van Schonstedt Magnetic Locator: Xpc 33 en Xpc 82
      • Schonstedt Rex multi-frekwensiepyp en kabelopsporing-vir alle nutsdienste versus Schonstedt REX multi-frekwensiepyp en kabelopsporing met 3 frekwensies + GA-92XTd magnetiese opsporing
      • Schonstedt XTPC-82 enkelfrekwensiepyp- en kabelopspoorpakketvergelyking: GA-92XTd magnetiese locator, TM50910 groot sonde, TM50911 klein sonde
      • Schonstedt Loki Pipe & Cable Locator Contractor Kit versus Schonstedt Loki Pipe & Cable Locator Utilities Kit Vergelyking
      • Schonstedt RD 5100H2O+ Precision Multi-Frequency Pipe & Cable Locator Review
      • Schonstedt Rex LITE dubbelfrekwensiepyp en kabelsoeker: 33 kHz + 512 Hz en 82 kHz en 512 Hz
      • Schonstedt XTpc-33 pyp- en kabelsoeker CL-300-kit versus Schonstedt XTpc-33 + GA-92XTd magnetiese opsporing met opgevulde draagtas
      • Schonstedt XT-512 kamera en sonde-opsporing + gevoerde draagtas versus Schonstedt XT-512 kamera en sonde-opsporing + GA-92XTd magnetiese opsporing + opgevulde draagtas
      • Vergelyking van plastiese waterpypopsporingstel van Schonstedt: pro, elektronies en handleiding
      • Teknetics T2 -vergelyking: T2, en T2 Plus en T2 spesiale beperkte uitgawe
      • Teknetics Alpha 2000, Delta 4000, Gamma 6000 en Omega 8500 Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Cibola -veldtoets
      • Stukkies geskiedenis
      • Compadre - 'n Gesinspretdetektor
      • Cortes -veldtoets
      • DeLeon -veldtoets
      • Goue uMax -veldtoets
      • Lobo Super Traq -veldtoets
      • 'N Lil -stuk El Dorado
      • Sandhaai -veldtoets
      • Silwer uMax -veldtoets
      • The Tejon: A Diary from Holland
      • GNRS Adventures with the Tejon
      • Tejon Veldtoets
      • Tiger Shark Field Test
      • Vaquero -veldtoets
      • Tesoro Vaquero -veldtoets
      • In diepte Vaquero -veldtoets
      • Treasure Products Underwater Pinpointer Vergelyking: Vibra Probe 585, Vibra-Tector 740, Vibra-Quatic
      • White's Coinmaster, TREASUREmaster en TREASUREpro Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • White's Metal Surfmaster PI Dual Field versus TDI BeachHunter Extreme Pulse Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • Whites GoldMaster GMT 24K versus GoldMaster GMT Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • White's Spectra VX3 en White's Spectra VX3 Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • White's MXT All Pro, MX Sport Waterproof en MX7 Weatherproof Metal Detector Vergelyking
      • XP -veldtoets
      • XP ORX draadlose metaaldetektor met WS Audio draadlose koptelefoonvergelyking: elliptiese en ronde soekspoel
      • XP DEUS -metaalverklikker -vergelyking
      • XP ORX draadlose metaalverklikker vergelyking
      • XP ORX vs DEUS Metal Detector Vergelyking

      Bedryfsresensies

      White's Electronics sien daarna uit om saam met Michael, Daniel en die MetalDetector.com -span te werk. Hulle ervaring in die metaalopspoorbedryf is ongeëwenaard.

      Ek het dit geniet om saam met Michael, Daniel en hul span by Detector Electroics Corp te werk. Hulle het 'n uitstekende taak verrig om die Detector Pro -lyn te verteenwoordig sedert dit die eerste keer in 1996 bekendgestel is. Een van die dinge wat ek sien, is dat hulle die ekstra myl loop kliënte. Dit is altyd aangenaam om te sien hoe 'n familieonderneming bestaan ​​en ons wens hulle nog baie jare sukses toe.

      Ons waardeer die vennootskap van Michael en Daniel op MetalDetector.com. As 'n familiebesigheid kies ons ons vennote sorgvuldig. Ons het agtergekom dat hul span hul werk goed verteenwoordig het. Met dertig jaar sukses onder die knie, verwag ons dat hulle nog baie jare 'n vennoot sal wees.

      Ons by Treasure Products, vervaardiger van die Vibra-Probe en Vibra-Tector, wil Daniel en Michael gelukwens met die bewonderenswaardige mylpaal om meer as drie dekades lank in besigheid te wees. Die toewyding en produkkennis wat u personeel toon, was vir ons 'n groot voordeel. Ons wens u die beste wense vir u volgehoue ​​sukses toe.

      Ek het gevind dat die span van MetalDetector.com 'n goeie taak verrig het wat die hele JW Fishers -lyn verteenwoordig. Hulle werk saam met ons om ons produkte aan individue, groter korporatiewe en regeringsorganisasies te bring. Michael en Daniel het 'n kundige span saamgestel wat die werk gedoen het om die regte produk in die hande van elke verbruiker te kry. Ek wens hulle sukses toe omdat hulle ons produkte in die komende jare verteenwoordig.

      Ek is beïndruk deur die professionele benadering en die ervaring van Daniel, Michael en die hele span by Detector Electronics Corp. Drie dekades se voortreflike kliëntediens was die sleutel tot hul sukses en groot omset.

      Ons het dit geniet om met Michael, Daniel en hul gewaardeerde span by Detector Electronics Corp. saam te werk. Ons voel dat hulle die beste keuse was om die goeie reputasie van die Makro Detectors in die streek te verteenwoordig. Sedert hulle hul samewerking met ons as ons eksklusiewe verspreider in die VSA en Kanada begin het, werk hulle 100% tevrede met die kliënt. Ons is bly om te sien dat sowel hul besigheid as die verkope in hul streek groei. Dit is lekker om te sien dat ons sowel as hul familiebedryf saam groei. Ons sien ons maatskappye vir baie jare saam vorentoe beweeg.

      Garrett het sedert die 1980's 'n jarelange kwaliteitsverhouding met Detector Electronics Corp. Ek het gesien hoe hulle groei van 'n plaaslike handelaar tot een van die grootste internethandelaars, maar hulle het die spesiale sorg vir die kliënt al meer as drie dekades lank gehandhaaf. Hul span kundige, hulpvaardige en vriendelike personeel en familie maak van hul handelaar 'n eerste keuse vir die skatjagter.

      MetalDetector.com is al jare lank 'n waardevolle sakevennoot vir Fisher Research Labs. Hulle groei steeds terwyl hulle steeds die beste bied in klantediens en ondersteuning na verkoop, wat baie belangrik is vir FRL. Ons wil hulle gelukwens met 3 dekades se besigheid en uitstekende diens aan ons gemeenskaplike kliënte. Nadat ek Michael en Daniel saam met hul ouers geken het vir 2 van die 3 dekades wat hulle besig was, het ek gesien hoe hul onderneming jaar na jaar groei, sonder om op te offer wat vir ons almal belangrik is ... kliëntediens voor, tydens en na die verkoop . Hulle hele personeel se kennis van ons produk help om te verseker dat die kliënt die regte detektor vir hul behoeftes kry, ongeag wat dit mag wees. Ons sien uit na ons toekomstige verhouding en voortgesette sukses van MetalDetector.com en hul hele personeel.

      Ek het onlangs die plesier gehad om met die span by MetalDetector.com te vergader by hul nuut uitgebreide fasiliteit in Southborough, MA. Ek moet sê dat ek onder die indruk was van hul werking en kennis van die Teknetics -produkreeks. Toe die Teknetics-produkreeks onlangs weer bekendgestel is, was MetalDetector.com een ​​van die eerste vennote wat ons gekontak het. Hulle het 'n jarelange verhouding met die handelsmerk as een van die oorspronklike Teknetics -handelaars in die land. Ons waardeer jarelange verhoudings en is opgewonde om dit as 'n lid van ons span te hê.

      Dit was 'n eer en voorreg om al meer as 25 jaar saam met die goeie mense by Detector Electronics te werk. Omdat ons self 'n gesin het en 'n besigheid bedryf, ken ons die "aandag aan detail" wat nodig is om 'n besigheid glad te laat funksioneer, met die klem op kliëntediens. Dit is geen verrassing dat Sondra en David se goeie seuns, Michael en Daniel, voortgegaan het in die tradisie van hul ouers om voorbeeldige sakelui te wees wat tyd en moeite neem om hul kliënte werklik te ken nie. Dit was nog altyd 'n plesier om saam met u te werk!

      DRS Electronics, GmbH is trots daarop dat Detector Electronics Corp. ons produkte verteenwoordig. Ek ken Michael en Daniel al meer as 'n dekade. Hulle span is opreg en kundig. Hulle bied uitstekende ondersteuning en diens aan ons kliënte. Hulle is 'n erkende leier in die bedryf. Internasionaal is hul onderneming bekend vir uitstekende kliëntediens. Hulle teenwoordigheid is 'n groot vertroue vir skatjagters.

      MetalDetector.com is al baie jare 'n uitstekende sakevennoot en die beste keuse om Makro Detectors in die VSA te verteenwoordig! Met die toevoeging van Nokta -produkte tot hul produkportefeulje in 2018, is ons vol vertroue dat ons besighede nog baie jare saam sal groei!

      Gary Micheau
      White's Electronics, uitvoerende hoof

      Gary Storm
      Eienaar
      Detectorpro

      Ingrid Hawk
      Vennoot
      Lesche Produkte

      Michael Bernstein
      Eienaar
      Treasure Products, Inc.

      Jack Fisher
      President
      JW Vissers

      Alain Loubert
      Stigter
      XP metaalverklikkers

      Veysel Bayar
      Voormalige verkoops- en bemarkingsbestuurder
      Makro metaalverklikkers

      Vaughan Garrett
      VP
      Garrett Metal Detectors

      Mike Scott
      Director of Hobby Sales
      Fisher Research Labs

      Tim Mallory
      VP of Sales & Marketing
      Teknetics

      Steve & Rosemary Anderson
      People's Publishing Co., Inc.
      Western & Eastern Treasures Magazine

      Ilkay Ucar
      General manager
      DRS Electronics, GmbH

      Dilek Gönülay
      International Sales & Marketing Manager
      Nokta & Makro Detectors

      Klante resensies

      Dear Sondra, . in addition to being the first metal detector company I found (after contacting several) which actually seemed to care about my order and which treated me like a valued customer, you also really worked hard from your end to make sure the purchase went through and the detector arrived at its destination on time. By the end I felt I was dealing with a friend rather than a faceless company on the net. Wel gedaan!

      And, by the way, my 7 year old son Juanito found a nickel yesterday when he took his detector out for the first time! If things keep going this way the detector will have paid for itself within a few short decades! But seriously, he is really enjoying it and hoping to find his long-dreamed-of buried treasure some day.

      Hello Folks,

      Ordered 2 Garrett ACE 250's on 09-14-09 at noon… Received 09-15-09 at noon… You folks should be proud that you hold true to all you say, do and promise. It's very refreshing to work with a company that keeps the “old-world” values going, not too many people / companies out there that can even come close to what you provide.

      Happy to do business with you,

      Hello Dan,

      Remember me? I bought my Tesoro Tiger Shark from you. It came just when you said it would, and works just as you told me it would.

      Thanks for your help in sorting through the maze of detectors.

      Dear Sondra,

      1160 GRAM Meteorite! found 3 " underground. Don't ask where. One of many! As far as being excited I all most had a stroke. Here's a photo of one Meteorite I found on the surface, over 800 grams and a 447 gram one! The one in the middle is my first. The bar magnet has some small Iron meteorites on it.

      Dear Detector Electronics,

      I received the Tesoro Sand Shark today. and want to thank you. Tried it, love it, looking forward to many enjoyable hours with it. Knowing that it is a "rare" domestically made item gives me double pleasure! Also. doing business with pro's (such as yourselves) was also a pleasure I will tell others about! Forwarded a "glowing review" to you. Thanks again.

      Dear Customer Service,

      Just wanted to thank all involved in a recent shipment to me that was a gift for my grandkids. I ordered 2 detectors but for some reason only one was shipped. After calling your company you bent over backwards to get the second detector to me on time for giving to my grandchildren. I explained that we exchange gifts a week early so my children and their families can be in their homes Christmas morning since some travel distances are involved. The second detector arrived last Friday in time for our celebration last Saturday. --THANKYOU. I order quite a few things online and have experienced some terrible companies but you are the best.

      Best regards and have a wonderful Holiday Season

      Hi Guys,

      I have just come in after spending an hour or at my local beach with my son, which is only a 5 minute walk from my home called Deception Bay. This is the first time i have ever used detector. The very first thing it detected in less than a minute was a two dollar coin, boy we were so excited! Not by the amount, but by the fact that on its maiden voyage it detected a coin. We then detected a ten cent piece. We can't wait to take it to a popular beach and I will practice more with the settings.

      I would like to thank you for your prompt service. My detector arrived at my door In Brisbane Australia in less than a week. This is the first time I have used any service like this outside of Australia, but with this kind of service and ease of buying and your range of goods this will be the first of many transactions.

      I just wanted to say thank you to Scott who made my recent purchase so pleasent! I am enjoying my Tesoro's and have found lots of cool stuff so far. Just waiting for that first gold find! Thanks agian for all the help that was provided in making my decision!

      Hi Scott,

      I was amazed at how fast I received my BOUNTY HUNTER. The order arrived in perfect condition, and in only three days after I placed the on line order. The four part series about selecting the right product was also appreciated and helped me to make the right decision for my purchase. You are truly a company that takes care of business and most importantly your customers. It is a pleasure doing business with you and I will gladly recommend you to anyone that wants to buy a metal detector. Thanks for the GREAT SERVICE.

      Dear Customer Service,

      I am a very happy camper. Yesterday I took my Garrett Ace 250 out for the first time to some local parks. My total find was about 150 coins. The detector works so well and so easily. It only took me about a half an hour before I new what every button did. I am also very salified with the support I got from Dan & Sondra.

      PS I plan on buying my next detector from you.

      Dear Sondra,

      I purchased an Ace 250 from your site for my 7 year old son and now I am hooked! This is our first metal detector and the Ace does every thing it says it will. Thanks for the fast delivery and introducing my son and I to a great new hobby.

      Coin shooting in Pensacola, Fl

      Sondra,

      I got the detector-my husband was thrilled. Baie dankie. You and Daniel have been so helpful. I am a first time buyer and am feeling very lucky to have found your website. Daniel helped me to locate a really great detector and you have been extremely courteous and prompt in seeing my order through. I look forward using my new metal detector. Hope you have a wonderful holiday season. overall my experience ordering off of your website was convenient and customer service was great. Thanks again.

      Dear Metaldetector.com

      I just want to thank Sondra and the rest of the gang for my Minelab Explorer SE. It was a pleasure doing business with you and I will recommend your fine business to my other detecting buddies.

      Anita S. and Juan G., Verenigde Koninkryk

      Mike T., Rockport, MA

      John B., San Diego, CA

      Dana, Mystic, CT

      Nick V., Churchville, PA

      Duane B., Springville, NY

      David and Josh

      Lori G., Bessemer, AL

      Jason R, Massachusetts

      Our No-Haggle, Best-Price Guarantee on Metal Detectors

      The same low pricing for everyone! Whether you’re a metal-detecting expert or novice, we keep it simple. We offer the lowest advertised pricing allowed by contract with each manufacturer. The personalized service you receive from our experienced team is our added bonus. That's what we are all about. Rest assured, you will not find a better value online.

      Dear Sondra. in addition to being the first metal detector company I found (after contacting several) which actually seemed to care about my order and which treated me like a valued customer, you also really worked hard from your end to . Read full quote »

      Anita S. and Juan G., Verenigde Koninkryk

      Hello Folks, Ordered 2 Garrett ACE 250's on 09-14-09 at noon… Received 09-15-09 at noon… You folks should be proud that you hold true to all you say, do and promise. It's very refreshing to work with a company that keeps the "old-world" . Read full quote »

      Mike T., Rockport, MA

      Hello Dan, Remember me? I bought my Tesoro Tiger Shark from you. It came just when you said it would, and works just as you told me it would. Thanks for your help in sorting through the maze of detectors. . Read full quote »

      John B., San Diego, CA

      Dear Sondra, 1160 GRAM Meteorite! Found 3 " underground. Don't ask where. One of many! As far as being excited I all most had a stroke. Here's a photo of one Meteorite I found on the surface, over 800 grams and a 447 gram one! The one in . Read full quote »

      Dear Detector Electronics, I received the Tesoro Sand Shark today. and want to thank you. Tried it, love it, looking forward to many enjoyable hours with it. Knowing that it is a "rare" domestically made item gives me double pleasure! . Read full quote »

      Dana, Mystic, CT

      HERE IS A CONVERSATION FROM OUR WEB SITE INSTANT MESSENGER Visitor: Hi there Dan+Sondra, thank you for all your help with my order Dan: You have it? Visitor: I received the parcel today. Dan: Great! It came right to your home? Visitor: No . Read full quote »

      Dear Customer Service, Just wanted to thank all involved in a recent shipment to me that was a gift for my grandkids. I ordered 2 detectors but for some reason only one was shipped. After calling your company you bent over backwards to . Read full quote »

      Dick H.

      Hi Guys, I have just come in after spending an hour or at my local beach with my son, which is only a 5 minute walk from my home called Deception Bay. This is the first time i have ever used detector. The very first thing it detected in . Read full quote »

      Steve M.

      I just wanted to say thank you to Scott who made my recent purchase so pleasant! I am enjoying my Tesoro's and have found lots of cool stuff so far. Just waiting for that first gold find! Thanks agian for all the help that was provided in . Read full quote »

      Nick V., Churchville, PA

      Hi Scott, I was amazed at how fast I received my BOUNTY HUNTER. The order arrived in perfect condition, and in only three days after I placed the on line order. The four part series about selecting the right product was also appreciated and . Read full quote »

      Duane B., Springville, NY

      Dear Customer Service, I am a very happy camper. Yesterday I took my Garrett Ace 250 out for the first time to some local parks. My total find was about 150 coins. The detector works so well and so easily. It only took me about a half an . Read full quote »

      Bill B.

      Dear Sondra, I purchased an Ace 250 from your site for my 7 year old son and now I am hooked! This is our first metal detector and the Ace does everything it says it will. Thanks for the fast delivery and introducing my son and I to a . Read full quote »

      David and Josh

      Sondra, I got the detector-my husband was thrilled. Baie dankie. You and Daniel have been so helpful. I am a first time buyer and am feeling very lucky to have found your website. Daniel helped me to locate a really great detector . Read full quote »

      Lori G., Bessemer, AL

      Dear Metaldetector.com I just want to thank Sondra and the rest of the gang for my Minelab Explorer SE. It was a pleasure doing business with you and I will recommend your fine business to my other detecting buddies. . Read full quote »

      Jason R, Massachusetts

      Our team has put together a free informational guide series by e-mail, including:


      Notas

      Access-restricted-item true Addeddate 2021-02-14 17:00:48 Boxid IA40059907 Camera Sony Alpha-A6300 (Control) Collection_set printdisabled External-identifier urn:oclc:record:1245543366 Foldoutcount 0 Identifier losttreasuresgre0000bahn Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t7nq27771 Invoice 1652 Isbn 0760718989
      9780760718988 Ocr tesseract 4.1.1 Ocr_detected_lang en Ocr_detected_lang_conf 1.0000 Ocr_detected_script Latin Ocr_detected_script_conf 0.9592 Ocr_module_version 0.0.11 Ocr_parameters -l eng Old_pallet IA-NS-0000472 Openlibrary_edition OL8012822M Openlibrary_work OL2660246W Page_number_confidence 94.32 Pages 266 Partner Innodata Pdf_module_version 0.0.7 Ppi 300 Rcs_key 24143 Republisher_date 20210212165057 Republisher_operator [email protected] Republisher_time 397 Scandate 20210209124116 Scanner station13.cebu.archive.org Scanningcenter cebu Scribe3_search_catalog isbn Scribe3_search_id 9780760718988 Tts_version 4.2-initial-97-g35291955

      Bronze Age Ireland: the country&rsquos golden era

      Chemical investigations suggest that raw material for Ireland’s prehistoric gold hoard may have been sourced from near neighbours. An alternative explanation is that there are forgotten Irish deposits rich in gold. Visit the National Museum on Kildare Street, Dublin, and you will be struck by the sheer number of gold objects. The desire for this precious metal was strong in prehistoric, pagan Ireland. The array of gold ornaments includes collars, torcs and bracelets, mostly from the Bronze Age, 2,200 to 800 BC.

      “It is highly significant in European terms and disproportionately large given the size of the country,” says Mary Cahill, curator of the museum’s Bronze Age collection. Yet Ireland is not renowned for its gold deposits, so where this gold came from has puzzled archaeologists.

      Rob Chapman has spent hours standing in ice-cold streams and rivers across Ireland panning for gold. A geologist at Leeds University, he got the gold bug working in a South African mine. He helped collect natural gold grains from across Ireland to compare to the museum gold.

      Natural gold is usually found as a mixture, with silver often the main alloying metal. Chapman cross-checked silver content in natural gold with artefacts from the early Bronze Age, 2,200 to 1,800 BC. The gold is consistent and seems to come from one area, possibly from river gravels. The artefacts themselves are mostly crescent-shaped collars (lanulae) and sun disks, decorative objects possibly for clothing or for embellishing wood or stones.

      “Jewellery is not an appropriate term for these things,” says Cahill. They were regalia, in the sense a modern king or queen might wear, or tied to religious ceremonies. Goldsmiths confined themselves to producing particular objects, presumably for an elite class, and certain motifs recur which archaeologists believe concern the power of the sun and fertility.

      Chemical analysis revealed silver at 10 per cent, which, combined with trace amounts of tin and copper, indicated the Mourne Mountains as the most likely source of these objects. “Nothing else seemed to fit this early Bronze Age stuff,” Chapman explains.

      But advances in geochemistry recently allowed Chris Standish, an archaeology PhD student in Bristol University, to characterise Irish native gold and museum gold using variations in the four natural types of lead atoms, or lead isotopes. The quantities of lead are tiny, around 0.002 per cent, and were measured using a mass spectrometer.

      “We couldn’t find a match between any of the Irish gold deposits,” Standish says, having examined likely areas, including the Mournes and Croagh Patrick. The lead isotope signature of the museum gold was closest to the gold deposits of Counties Wicklow, Wexford and Waterford.

      “Looking purely at the lead isotopes, gold in the artefacts is most consistent with gold from the southeast,” says Standish. But there is too little silver and trace metal for it to be a proper match.

      Standish suggests there may be gold he has yet to analyse, but another, controversial, explanation is gold imports. According to Chapman, “The lead signature he [Standish] gained from the early Bronze Age artefacts corresponded to the granite rocks in Cornwall,” which he says has irritated some archaeologists.

      Cahill is waiting for further detail to emerge, but says there is no supporting archaeological evidence for extensive gold imports to Ireland at this time. “We know that Irish copper and bronze objects turn up in Britain,” but there are no signs of gold coming in. And clues pointing to southern Britain as a source for Irish gold are not conclusive.

      “Natural gold does occur in Cornwall, but it is difficult to find and we cannot say categorically whether the gold content is compatible or not,” says Chapman. Since the early Bronze Age, the land has changed so much that you cannot visit the same sites available to the Bronze Age people some lie underwater.

      One other explanation is a deposit of gold which has eluded modern prospectors but was used by Bronze Age people. Given extensive gold exploration in Ireland since the 1980s, a hidden source is somewhat unlikely, say geologists, dimming hopes of a Celtic El Dorado. But it’s a possibility.


      British Museum blog

      Ian Jenkins, curator, British Museum

      Sir William Hamilton (1730-1803), if remembered at all, is primarily known as the person who shared his second wife Emma with Admiral Lord Nelson in the late eighteenth century. Their ménage a trois was a notorious target for British satirists of the time. It ended with the death of Sir William in 1803, and two years later in 1805 the tragic death of Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.

      Jasper ware portrait plaque of Sir William Hamilton, by Josiah Wedgwood I and Thomas Bentley, Etruria factory, Staffordshire, England, AD 1779

      Hamilton is celebrated in the British Museum for his collection of Greek and Roman artefacts, which acquired by the Museum in 1772, changed its course from its origins as a rather old-fashioned cabinet of curiosities to starting it on the way to becoming the great collection of world cultures it is today. The founding collection of Sir Hans Sloane had very few ancient objects of merit, but Sir William’s vision for the Museum would change that and for this reason he has his own showcase in the Enlightenment Gallery.

      The story of the wreck of the HMS Colossus and the loss of its cargo occurred in the dramatic last years of Sir William’s life. He had been British Ambassador to the court of the king of Naples and Sicily for 34 years. However, when Napoleon’s army occupied Rome in 1796, Sir William was forced to evacuate Naples and return home with Emma to Britain.

      One of his last acts was to oversee the packing of his vase collection. But back in England, Sir William not only had to suffer the wrench of his sudden departure from his beloved Italy, but also had the appalling news that his vase collection was lost at sea. It had been packed in an unfit vessel, which grounded off the Scilly Isles where it broke up, and the packing cases washed overboard.

      Red-figured wine bowl (volute-krater), attributed to the Baltimore Painter, Greek, around 325 BC

      But fortune smiled on the old knight as by accident his finest vases were not on the HMS Colossus. When another vessel arrived laden with Sir William’s property, he discovered the collection he thought he’d lost, and he delighted in preparing them for sale.

      Sir William died in 1803 with Emma and Nelson at his bedside.

      If you would like to leave a comment click on the title

      Britain’s Secret Treasures is broadcast on ITV 1 Thursdays at 20.30, 17 October – 5 December 2013


      British Museum blog

      When the Museum receives new acquisitions to its collection of prints and drawings, either through gifts or purchased through special funds, it is of the upmost importance that they are cared for appropriately for future generations to enjoy. This is why my role as a conservation mounter is so vital. I’m one of three British Museum conservation mounters who specialise in western art on paper. Mounting enables prints and drawings to be handled safely by staff, and visitors to the Prints and Drawings Study Room, without risk of damage to the objects. It also facilitates the option to frame if another institution requests to borrow an object as part of our on-going exhibition programme. All the mounts are made of the highest museum-quality mount board and all the materials we use are tested by our department’s scientists to ensure they won’t damage the artwork over time. In order to maximise space for storing this huge collection of prints and drawings, standard size mounts are used which are then stored in Solander boxes in the Study Room.

      Over the years I’ve seen and mounted some of the most interesting and outstanding works of art in our collection, from Leonardo da Vinci to Tracey Emin, and this year is no exception. Over the last few months I’ve been very privileged to have been part of the team involved in the mounting of Picasso’s 347 Suite, aptly named because there are 347 prints. This important collection was funded by generous donor Hamish Parker, and in the autumn 2015 edition of the British Museum Magazine, Stephen Coppel, Curator of the Modern Collection, explained the fascinating story of how they were produced.

      With so many prints requiring mounting, the new studios in the World Conservation and Exhibition Centre (WCEC) have come into their own. It makes my job so much easier using the specially designed space and new equipment we now have. Initially Stephen Coppel and I discussed the mounting of the Picasso prints. Once we agreed on a plan it was full steam ahead for the team. After the prints were measured the mount board was cut to the standard sizes on the board chopper.

      Every print’s platemark was measured carefully as they all varied in size in preparation for cutting the mount’s apertures on our new computerised electronic mount cutter, before the mounts were assembled together.

      The prints were now ready to be secured into their mounts using handmade Japanese paper, which we use for its longevity and fibre strength, and a fine layer of water soluble adhesive that can be easily removed by conservators if necessary in the future.

      To give the prints added protection whilst inside their Solander boxes, a sheet of polyester was hinged inside the mount which covers the front of the print.

      Finally to give the mounts their unique British Museum touch, Picasso’s name and the print’s identifying number were stamped on the front of each mount using our handheld typeset tools and etching ink which have been standard practice at the museum since the 19th century.

      After several months the project is now complete. I will miss the prints as they have been a talking point with our numerous visitors and museum professionals who come to the studio to see the work we do. The prints are safely stored in their Solander boxes in the Study Room waiting for researchers to view them, and to mark the completion of this successful team effort, from both curators and conservation staff, we all had a celebratory drink to honour the occasion.


      British Museum blog

      Matthew Hahn, playwright

      I first heard about a copy of the complete works of William Shakespeare known as the ‘Robben Island Bible’ when a good friend was reading Anthony Sampson’s wonderful biography on Nelson Mandela in 2002. I was fascinated by the story and found online the subsequent article that Sampson wrote ‘O, what men dare do’ in the Observer from 2001.

      The works of Shakespeare, annotated by inmates at Robben Island Prison, South Africa. By permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

      The book’s owner, South African Sonny Venkatrathnam, was a political prisoner on Robben Island from 1972 to 1978. He asked his wife to send him a book of Shakespeare’s complete works during a time when the prisoners were briefly allowed to have one book, other than a religious text, with them. The book’s ‘fame’ resides in the fact that Venkatrathnam passed the book to a number of his fellow political prisoners in the single cells. Each of them marked his favourite passage in the book and signed it with the date. It contains thirty-two signatures, including those of Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada and Mac Maharaj, all luminaries in the struggle for a democratic South Africa.

      These men signed passages within the text which they found particularly moving, meaningful and profound. The selection of text provides fascinating insight into the minds, thinking and soul of those political prisoners who fought for the transformation of South Africa. It also speaks to the power of Shakespeare’s resonance with the human spirit regardless of place or time. But, as he explains it, he just wanted a ‘souvenir’ of his time in the Leadership Section of Robben Island.

      After hearing this fantastic tale, I determined to write a play based on interviews with as many of the former political prisoners I could find intertwined with the chosen Shakespearian texts. I first encountered Sonny’s ‘Bible’ in 2006 when it left South Africa for the first time to be a part of the Complete Works Exhibition hosted by the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in Stratford-upon-Avon. In 2008, I had the wonderful opportunity to meet and interview Sonny and seven other signatories of the ‘Bible’ to form the foundation of the play. I returned to South Africa in 2010 for further interviews and to workshop the research with the Market Theatre Laboratory.

      It is an honour to have had the opportunity to spend time with these most gentle of men – each one a lion in the fight against apartheid. Many opened their homes to me, a complete stranger, for a couple of hours, shared with me a cup of tea and what their lives were like under an oppressive regime. As Ahmed Kathrada said, ‘After being locked up for all of these years, when I get a chance to speak to someone who is interested in my story, I find it hard to keep quiet.’

      I was, and continue to be, fascinated by the resonance of the chosen texts and the men’s biographies – how life imitates art and how great art, like holy books, seems to give strength to the oppressed.

      Read more about this post and Matthew Hahn’s work on his blog .

      Shakespeare: staging the world is open from 19 July to 25 November 2012.

      The exhibition is supported by BP.
      Part of the World Shakespeare Festival and London 2012 Festival.

      Tweet using #ShakespeareExhibition and @britishmuseum

      If you would like to leave a comment click on the title


      British Museum blog

      Neil MacGregor, Director, British Museum

      This extraordinary painted steel sculpture was made in London by British/Nigerian artist Sokari Douglas Camp, CBE. It depicts a man of the Kalabari people of southern Nigeria in an Otobo or hippopotamus masquerade costume masquerade is a composite phenomenon in which song, movement, music and the different elements of the dancer’s costume are all integral parts of the performance.

      Die Otobo masquerade has been danced by Kalabari men for at least 200 years, yet here is a version made by a woman working in metal, a traditionally male medium of expression in Africa. Masquerade in Africa is an art of transformation, harnessing the powers of the natural and spirit worlds for the benefit of humankind, so Sokari’s innovative re-interpretation of a long-standing tradition would seem entirely appropriate.

      Sokari was born in 1958 in Buguma, Nigeria, the cultural capital of the Kalabari people who live on 23 islands in the Niger Delta. She moved to Britain as a child and now lives and works near the Elephant and Castle in London. “My work is about what’s going on in London” she says, though part of that is a celebration of her own Kalabari culture, a theme which occurs in different ways in her work. “I live the reality of being both Nigerian and British, but feeling outside both cultures”.

      The UK’s largest Nigerian population is found in the capital, in Lambeth and Southwark, but in particular, Peckham. Census figures show Peckham – one of the most diverse areas of the country – with the most Nigerian-born people in Britain.

      Sokari’s version of an Otobo masquerader is displayed in the African Galleries next to three examples of carved wooden Otobo masks, one of which (collected by Sokari herself) was made in the late twentieth century, over a century after the other two, though stylistically they are almost identical.

      However, avant-garde European artists of the early twentieth century would almost certainly have assumed these masks to be examples of spontaneous creativity, unfettered by the artistic conventions of Western tradition, rather than representing slowly changing, highly conservative artistic traditions – the very things European artists were trying to escape.

      The African Galleries – with the help of artists such as Sokari – seek to overturn this approach, showing the strength and diversity of art from across the continent from the earliest times to the best of contemporary art from Africa.

      If you would like to leave a comment click on the title


      Kyk die video: Antieke industriële meubels: een vak apart bij De Olde Looierij (Januarie 2022).