Inligting

6 September 1943


6 September 1943

Oosfront

Sowjet -Wesfront stop sy offensief nadat hy slegs 25 myl gevorder het.

Oorlog in die lug

Agtste lugmag se swaar bomwerper missie nr. 91: 338 vliegtuie gestuur om geleenthede in Duitsland in Frankryk aan te val en 69 op 'n afleidingsveeg. 45 vliegtuie verloor.



Van spesiale belang vir vroue

Van Arbeidsaksie, Vol. 7 nr. 36, 6 September 1943, p. ك.
Getranskribeer en amp gemerk deur Einde O ’ Callaghan vir die Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism Online (ETOL).

Elke huisvrou sal net te bly wees om te verneem dat die V -veldtog van die base op die binneland baie goed vaar. Hier is 'n paar aanduidings:

Die professore op die OPA is vervang deur sakemanne. Dit is baie goed vir die wins van die vier groot plaasorganisasies en die voedselbedryf, maar nie vir die huisvrou nie. Selfs die beperkings van die baie saggeaarde en afwesige professore sal nou verwyder word.

Die jongste berigte lui dat die 1944 “planne ” vir voedseladministrasie gaan oor wat hulle was vir 1943. Die status quo van stygende pryse word gehandhaaf omdat die vier groot plaasorganisasies en die voedselbedryf dit so verkies, volgens Samuel B. Bledsoe in die New York Times van 22 Augustus.

Vanaf 5 Augustus betaal u meer vir tagtig voedselitems en 'n klein bietjie minder vir vyf en dertig, en die saldo is ten gunste van die voedselbase. Hierdie toename aan die verbruiker weerspieël meer toelaes deur die OPA aan die voedselhandelaars. In New York is die verhuurders deur die OPA gehandhaaf, wat om een ​​of ander okkultiese rede geen plafonne op huurgeld sal plaas nie, want New York is nie 'n verdedigingsgebied nie, wat dit ook al mag beteken, aangesien die stad vol verdedigingswerkers.

Die enigste lig op die horison is dat die huisvroue hier en daar wakker word en optree. Op Coney Island was die gip so erg dat die huisvroue 'n komitee saamgestel het om plafonoortredings aan te meld. In Brooklyn het die vroue van 'n woonstelhuis waar huurgeld verhoog word, die eiendom gekies, met slagspreuke soos “Pay Frozen – Why Not Rent? ”

So 'n aksie is die ware McCoy. Dit moet baie meer uitgebreid en baie beter georganiseer word en vry wees van die dodelike Stalinistiese invloed.

Mev Helen Robar, werk in Baltimore vir die Koppers Co. en vervaardig suierringe vir die oorlog, en 8221 is amper net so goed om babas te kry as die spreekwoordelike oosterse boervroue wat hul babas in die veld het en voortgaan werk asof niks gebeur het nie. Dit is terloops nie noodwendig 'n aanduiding van vroulike bekwaamheid nie, maar eerder van 'n toestand van knegskap wat op 'n vroeë ouderdom tot fisiese uitputting lei, en dit blyk uit die manier waarop die meeste boervroue voor hul tyd gekies en oud word.

Maar om terug te keer na mevrou Robar. Sy het vieruur die middag 'n kind in die wêreld gebring, en agt uur later was sy by die werk op die middernagskof. Dit kon natuurlik nie vir die ander vroue in die werk geheim gehou word nie. Hulle het gesels en uiteindelik het amptenare van die onderneming die storie gehoor. Waarop laasgenoemde daarop aangedring het dat mevrou Robar huis toe gaan om 'n doktersondersoek te kry en miskien twee maande daar te bly en te rus.

Maar dit rus nie. Mevrou Robar is bekommerd. Ek kan nie net sit en niks doen nie, met al hierdie kinders om te ondersteun. Ek kan nie 'n ander werk kry sonder 'n vrylating van die onderneming nie, wat moet ek doen? ”

Sommige vroue het onwettige aborsies en neem die kans om hul gesondheid so te verwoes om hul afhanklikes te ondersteun. Mevrou Robar navolg die vroulike slawe van die Ooste.

Wat 'n skande en skande! Die regering, wat elke dag $ 265,000,000 spandeer, en die base, wat fantastiese oorlogswins pluk, maak geen voorsiening vir die miljoene vroue -werkers nie, sodat hulle hul babas kan kry soos beskaafde vroue moet.

Elke onderneming moet verplig word om kraamverlof met loon toe te staan, sodat afhanklikes nie ly nie, en dus sal hul werk daar wees as die vroue terugkom. Wie gaan die base dit laat doen?

DIE GEORGANISEERDE ARBEIDSBEWEGING!

Daar word prakties nie net nuwe beskermingsmaatreëls getref vir vroulike werkers nie, maar die reaksionêre is daarop gemik om sodanige wette vir vroue wat tans bestaan, te verswak of te verwyder.

Hierdie reaksionêre kragte wat vir die base werk, is so slim hieroor dat hulle probeer om hul doel te bereik onder die welwillende dekmantel van wat die wysiging van gelyke regte genoem word, wat nou in die senaat hangende is.

Die gelyke regte wat werkende vroue nou wil hê, sal hulle nie kry deur hierdie wysiging of deur enige wet op die wetboeke nie. Vroue moet gelyke loon vir gelyke werk, gelyke arbeidsvoorwaardes, gelyke voorrangsregte kry. Hulle sal so 'n gelyke behandeling op die werk kry slegs deur aktiewe, militante vakbondlede te word wat die vakbonde beïnvloed en#8211 in belang van alle arbeid, om die vlak van die vroulike werkers te verhoog.

Wat hierdie gelyke regte-wysiging sou doen, is om die regters wat deur die baas beheer word, die geleentheid te gee om elke bestaande wet wat sanitêre beskerming vir vroue vereis, ongrondwetlik te verklaar, wat hul nagwerk beperk, en sekere industriële veiligheidstoestelle dwing. Want as vroue gelyke regte met mans het, behoort daar natuurlik geen wette te wees wat vroue hierdie spesiale voorregte gee nie. ”

Sien die punt – 'n Gelyke Regte -wysiging om die base onbelemmerde uitbuiting van vrouekrag toe te laat.

Wette wat nagwerk vir vroue en dies meer reguleer, is, soos dit is, vir die duur opgeskort.

Die hele arbeidersbeweging moet opstaan ​​teen die verloop van hierdie valse wysiging van gelyke regte.

'N Vakbondmilitant wat 'n toegewyde leser van Arbeidsaksie skryf oor “vrouprobleme ” in die arbeidersbeweging. Hy is ontsteld oor die onaktiwiteit van vakbondlede en wys op die klein persentasie vakbondlede wat hul vergaderings bywoon. Hy dink dat die vrouens van vakbondmanne hul mans ontmoedig en hul aktiwiteite ontmoedig en dat die mans tuis bly.

Vroue van vakbondmanne, hoor, hoor! U word geroep deur die ou liefdevolle term: “Ball and chain! ” Maar dit is nie 'n grap nie en is inderdaad nie 'n grap nie.

Om 'n bal en ketting in die arbeidersbeweging te wees, is inderdaad 'n ernstige saak. Ongeag watter vordering die werkende mense gemaak het, is deur vakbondsterkte. Moenie dit vergeet nie. En omdat die saak so ernstig is, Arbeidsaksie gaan aandag gee aan die kwessie van die verhouding tussen werkers en vroue met die arbeidersbeweging.


Gebore op 6 September in hierdie geskiedenis

Verjaar vandag
Jane Addams
Gebore: 6 September 1860 Chicago, Illinois
Oorlede: 31 Mei 1934 Chicago, Illinois
Bekend vir: Jane Addams, veral bekend as die medestigter (saam met Ellen Gates Starr) van Hull House in Chicago, Illinois. Jane Addams kom uit 'n welgestelde agtergrond en na haar besoek aan die eerste van sy soort, Toynbee Hall in Londen, wou Hull House in Chicago 'n woonhuis bou met vrywilligers van middelklas- en hoër-middelklas vroue en mans wat in die huis bied sosiale en opvoedkundige geleenthede vir werkersklasmense (in Chicago was destyds meestal immigrante uit Italië, Ierland, Duitsland, Griekeland, Rusland en Pole) in die buurt. Na die sukses van Hull House is meer as 100 in stede (Settlement House -beweging) in die Verenigde State opgerig. Vir hierdie en haar ander maatskaplike werk, insluitend Helping by die stigting van die National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) en die oprigting van die Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), word Jane Addams een van die eerste vroue in die geskiedenis wat bekroon is die Nobelprys vir Vrede. Die klein foto bo -op is 'n seël van 10 sent uit 1940 ter ere van haar werk. Sy is op vele ander maniere vereer, waaronder die Northwest Tollway as die Jane Addams Memorial Tollway.


Opskrifte in die Derde Ryk

Plaas deur mty & raquo 04 Nov 2003, 18:07

Ek het pas 'n wonderlike oorlogsroman van Svel Hassel met die titel 'Gestapo' voltooi. Dit was 'n fiktiewe verhaal oor 'n lewensmiddel wat ter dood veroordeel is. Hy is onthoof in die tronkwerf. Maar dit was in die veertigerjare. Amptelik onthoofding in Duitsland eindig in 1938 op bevel van Hitler. Die uitvoering in die roman is uitgevoer soos 'n seremonie - dit was dus nie 'n "geheime metode" nie.

Die laksman was 'n bekwame professionele persoon met die naam Röttger (Roettger). http://www.dsha.k12.wi.us/harnack3.htm & in hierdie dokument word 'n persoon met die naam Roettger genoem wat die teregstelling uitgevoer het - is dit slegs toeval of het Hassel 'n werklike karakter in sy roman gebruik? Is daar inligting oor hierdie persoon (sy militêre rang, ens.) Beskikbaar?

Was die uitvoering van die uitvoering in die vroeë veertigerjare slegs 'n produk van die topskrywer Hassel se verbeelding, of is daar historiese bewyse dat, ondanks Hitler se spesifieke volgorde, nog steeds die onthoofding gebruik is?

In enige noemenswaardige boek wat die geskiedenis van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog of Duitsland dek, word hierdie onthoofdings nie genoem nie.

Plaas deur Marcus & raquo 04 Nov 2003, 21:21

Ek is nie seker of dit is waarna u op soek is nie, maar lede van die White Rose is in 1943 deur guillotine tereggestel.

Plaas deur PolAntek & raquo 04 Nov 2003, 22:57

Ek het onlangs klaar 'I am First a Human Being' gelees - 'n samestelling van die gevangenisbriewe van Krystyna Wituska - 'n jong Poolse versetslid wat deur die Duitsers gevange geneem en deur guillotine tereggestel is. 'N Aanbevole boek.

Plaas deur Peter H. & raquo 04 Nov 2003, 23:16

Vanaf 1871 verklaar die Duitse wet dat alle veroordeelde misdadigers onthoof moet word, maar beide die byl en die guillotine toegelaat word. Die guillotine is ook in Griekeland, Switserland en Swede gebruik. Swede gebruik die guillotine een keer, in 1910, toe Alfred Ander tereggestel is weens gewapende roof. Dit sou Swede se laaste teregstelling wees. Gedurende die Nazi-periode, 1933-1945, is 20 guillotines in Duitsland en Oostenryk (vanaf 1938) gebruik. Hitler beskou dit as 'n vernederende vorm van straf en gebruik dit vir politieke teregstellings. 20 000 het in 1942 en 1943 'n afspraak met Madame la Guillotine gehad.

Daar word beraam dat 16.000 mense, miskien soveel as 20.000, deur die Nazi's guillotineer is, meer as wat die guillotine in Frankryk tydens die revolusie doodgemaak het. Na die oorlog is die guillotine laas op 11 Mei 1949 in die Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Wes -Duitsland) gebruik toe die moordenaar Berthold Wehmeyer onthoof is.

Oos -Duitsland het daarna nog 'n paar jaar die guillotine gebruik.

Plaas deur Peter H. & raquo 04 Nov 2003, 23:27

En die gebruik daarvan by Plötzensee:

Op slegs een nag, op 14 September 1943, is 186 mense in Ploetzensee, Berlyn, deur die valbyl uitgevoer. Tydens die individuele uitvoering is skaars meer as 10 sekondes tyd beklemtoon.

Plaas deur R.M. Schultz & raquo 05 Nov 2003, 04:49

Rottger, laksman

Plaas deur fredric & raquo 04 Des 2004, 05:20

Wilhelm (Willi) Freidrich Rottger was die amptelike laksman (scharfrichter) in Berlyn. Hy is in 1943 in hierdie pos aangestel toe die Rykse ministerie van justisie die aantal staatsbeoefenaars (hulle moes eksamens moes slaag) in die Ryk vermeerder om aan die vinnig toenemende aantal doodsvonnisse te voldoen. Ek ondersoek al jare lank na Rottger, maar het net 'n paar feite oor hom ontdek. Hy het in die Moabit -gedeelte van Berlyn aan die Waldstrasse gewoon, waar hy 'n wa -herstelwinkel gehad het en as 'n suksesvolle man beskou is. Hy was bekend in sy rol as laksman en vir sy swart sin vir humor. Hy het 'n jas van 'n driekwartlengte of 'n jerkin aangehad, aanhoudend gerook ('n voorraad sigarette en brandewyn is aan hom verskaf) en die Rykse ministerie het hom gewaarsku om 'n meer formele hoed en sterte aan te neem wat voorgeskryf is aan beulte. Hy is 3000 punte per jaar en 80 punte per slagoffer betaal. Pastoor Polchau (in De Letzen Stunden) berig dat Rottger in 1944 1399 teregstellings uitgevoer het (Rottger se naaste "mededinger" was Johann Reichart van München wat op 774 ingekom het), dus 'n aansienlike bedrag sou verdien het. Ek het geen foto gevind van hom en weet nie wat met hom gebeur het na die val van Berlyn nie. Hy het die 20ste Julie -samesweerders en vele ander tereggestel. Verwysings na hom kan gesien word op die Deutches Widerstand -webwerf/Plotzensee -dokumente (sien die boekie van Plotzensee Memorial Center van Brigit Oleschinski. Ek glo ook dat 'n artikel met die titel "Rottger the Henker of 20th July" in 'n tydskrif verskyn het en gaan voort om dit te soek. beskrywing van Rottger deur skrywer Paul West in West se boek The Very Rich Life of Count Von Stauffenberg kan waarskynlik teruggevoer word na een van sy bronne, Peter Hoffman, skrywer van die boek oor weerstand waar Hoffman verslag doen van die waarnemings van Sass, 'n kameraman wat Rottger verfilm het in aksie tydens die teregstellings van 20 Julie. Daar word ook na Rottger verwys in die belangrike werk van Richard Evan, Rituals of Retribution en in Gostomski/Loch Der Tod Von Plotzensee.

As 'n historikus wat fokus op die geskiedenis van Nazi -Duitsland se beul en hul kunsvlyt, het ek tevergeefs na Rottger se huis of winkel in die Waldstrasse gesoek en wonder ek of hy 'n erfenis van sy wrede werk nagelaat het. Almal wat inligting het oor Rottger of ander staatsbeoefenaars wat gedurende die NZ -era werk, word versoek om my te kontak. [/U]


Geallieerde landings in Italië

Op 3 September 1943 het die 13de korps van Montgomery se 8ste leër die Straat van Messina van Sicilië na die vasteland van Italië oorgesteek. Die kruising, voorafgegaan deur 'n massiewe artillerie -bombardement van die Italiaanse kus, was sonder probleme, terwyl die 8ste leër hom sonder ernstige opposisie in die stad Reggio gevestig het, teenoor Messina.

Verdere vordering noordwaarts was moeiliker. Na die geallieerde verowering van Sicilië, het Duitse magte die suide van Italië grootliks verlaat, maar nie voordat sabotasiegroepe ontplooi is om die geallieerde opmars te vertraag nie: paaie is ontgin en brûe het opgeblaas.

Die vordering van die 13de Korps was stadig aan albei kuste van die suidwestelike 'teen' van die bootvormige Italië. Op 10 September het die korps opgehou om te hergroepeer by Nicastro en Catanzaro, ongeveer 160 km noord van Reggio, tot 14 September was daar geen verdere vordering nie. Teen daardie tyd het die 8ste weermag se 5de korps homself gevestig te Taranto in Suidoos -Italië na die landing op 9 September.

Beide die 8ste weermaglandings is georganiseer ter ondersteuning van die primêre geallieerde landing op die vasteland van Italië, Operation Avalanche. Dit het op 9 September in Salerno plaasgevind, uitgevoer deur Clark se 5de Amerikaanse weermag. Verskeie faktore het saamgesweer teen hierdie landing:

  • Die vertragings in die vordering van die 8ste leër het beteken dat Montgomery se magte aanvanklik nie die Amerikaanse landing kon ondersteun soos beplan nie.
  • Salerno, 'n baai wat 32 km se strand binne 'n lugafstand van Sicilië bied, was die beste moontlike landingsplek in die omgewing, die Duitsers het verwag dat dit gebruik sou word.
  • Geheime onderhandelinge met Mussolini se opvolger, maarskalk Pietro Badoglio, het gelei tot die formele oorgawe van Italië aan die Geallieerdes wat op 3 September ooreengekom is, dit is op 8 September aangekondig. Duitse magte het onmiddellik verhuis om Rome te beset en Italiaanse garnisoene in die hele land te vervang.
  • Die Duitse militêre strategie in Italië het net voor die landings verander. Die vorige beleid, bepaal deur veldmaarskalk Erwin Rommel, wat in beheer was van die Duitse troepe in die noorde van Italië, het 'n terugtrekking na posisies noord van Rome bepleit. Maar Rommel se suidelike eweknie, veldmaarskalk Albert Kesselring, het daarin geslaag om die Duitse weermag te verbind om sy posisies in die suide te beklee.

As gevolg van al hierdie faktore is die landing op Salerno op 'n stadium hewig betwis, en Clark het selfs begin voorberei om te ontruim. Die oorspronklike doel om Napels, 80 km daarvandaan, te beveilig, word vinnig laat vaar ten gunste van die hou van die strandkop van Salerno.

Ondersteun deur vloot- en lugbombardemente, het die 5de leër op 13 en 14 September gesamentlike Duitse aanvalle uitgehou. Met die aankoms van die 8ste weermag het die gety op 17 September die vloed opgehou, maar Vietinghoff het die poging om die Geallieerdes af te weer, afgeskakel. Duitse magte in Italië is nou gereorganiseer onder die uitsluitlike bevel van Kesselring, wat 'n reeks verdedigingslinies voorberei het, van die Viktor -lyn noord van Napels tot die Gotiese lyn bokant Florence.

Die Salerno -landing is swaar beveg, so ook die veldtog wat gevolg het. Napels val op 30 September, drie weke na die landing. Die hardnekkigheid en doeltreffendheid van Duitse weerstand vernietig enige idee van Italië as die 'sagte onderbuik' van Europa, soos Churchill dit genoem het. Dit het ook enige moontlikheid uitgesluit om Italië as basis te gebruik vir 'n 'tweede front'-aanval op Oostenryk wat deur Nazi's gehou word tydens die inval in Noordwes-Europa.

Wat die landing wel moontlik gemaak het, was 'n veldtog wat aansienlike Duitse magte van Normandië weggelei het voor die D-Day-landings in Junie 1944. Dit het Italië ook bevry van Nazisme.


6 September 1943 - Geskiedenis

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Teks omgeskakel en aanvanklike EAD -etikettering verskaf deur Apex Data Services, Mei 2000. Soek hulp in Engels.

Junie 2005. Regstellings gemaak deur Rebecca Romanchuk, Maart 2001. Regstellings en verdere kodering vir TARO -projekstandaarde deur Carolyn Foster, Di 22 Julie 15:32:45 CDT 2003 urn: taro: tslac.10134 omgeskakel van EAD 1.0 na 2002 deur v1to02. xsl (20030505). Oorsig

7,75 kubieke voet, 2 klankbande, 90 kaarte in die kaartversameling en 80 foto's en 26 negatiewe in die versameling afdrukke en foto's

Oorspronklike 1/4 duim -klankkassette van 1966 -onderhoude is beperk vir bewaring. 'N Kopie uit 1998 is beskikbaar om na te luister.

(Identifiseer die item en noem die reeks), Robert Wagner -versameling materiaal van die 36ste afdeling. Afdeling Argief en Inligtingsdienste, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Biografiese skets Robert L. Wagner

Robert L. Wagner, 'n gebore Texaan, is gebore in 1925. Hy het 'n nagraadse skool aan die Universiteit van Texas in Austin bygewoon en by die historikus Walter Prescott Webb gestudeer. In 1954 ontvang hy sy M.A.

Wagner het tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog as 'n lugskutter by die Amerikaanse 8ste Lugmag in Engeland gedien. Na die oorlog het hy van 1947 tot 1949 in die National Guard van die 36ste afdeling gedien.

In 1963 begin Wagner werk aan die boek, The Texas Army: A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign, wat in 1972 gepubliseer is. dagboeke en tydskrifte van voormalige soldate uit die 36ste divisie in Texas en die Verenigde State. Hy het hierdie materiaal aangevra deur middel van briewe, aankondigings in die 36th Division Association Bulletin en ander tydskrifte en koerante, en 'n toespraak tydens 'n reünie van 36th Division. Dr Dorman Winfrey, direkteur en staatsbibliotekaris van die Texas State Library (nou bekend as die Texas State Library and Archives Commission), het Wagner bygestaan ​​en gereël dat die materiaal aan die Texas State Library geskenk word.

Die 36ste Afdeling, ook bekend as die Texas-afdeling en die T-Patchers, is op 18 Julie 1917 in Camp Bowie (destyds in Fort Worth, Texas) georganiseer vanuit National Guard-eenhede. Die afdeling het tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog in Frankryk gedien, vir beroep bly, en daarna teruggekeer na Camp Bowie en is op 20 Junie 1919 uit aktiewe diens vrygelaat.

Op 25 November 1940 is die 36ste Afdeling weer tot aktiewe diens in Camp Bowie in Brownwood, Texas, geroep. In 1941 gaan die afdeling na Louisiana vir maneuvers, waar hulle spottende gevegte met generaal Walter Kreuger se derde leër gehad het. In Februarie 1942 verhuis hulle na Camp Blanding, Florida, en berei hulle voor om oorsee te gaan. Bestellings het egter verander, en in plaas van om in die somer uit te stuur, het die afdeling voortgegaan met opleiding in die Carolinas. Die afdeling het daarna die winter in Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, deurgebring en in April 1943 na Noord -Afrika vertrek, waar hulle in 'n gevegsreservaat gehou is.

Die 36ste Afdeling het uiteindelik op 9 September 1943 aksie beleef toe hulle in Paestum, Italië, in die Golf van Salerno, geland het. Hulle was die eerste Amerikaanse gevegseenheid wat in Europa geland het. Hulle het die volgende 11 maande in die Italiaanse veldtog baklei. Nadat Salerno beveilig is, het die 36ste afdeling vorentoe gegaan om Altavilla en Hill 424 aan te val. Swaar gevegte het tot 14 September plaasgevind, en dan, met versterkings, het die geallieerde magte gewen en die Salerno -vlakte verseker.

Vanaf die Salerno -vlakte het die 36ste afdeling stadig begin beweeg na Rome. Italiaanse berge en winterweer gekombineer met Duitse magte om die opmars na Rome stadig en gevaarlik te maak. In die maande tussen November 1943 en die val van Rome op 5 Junie 1944 het die 36ste Afdeling die swaarste gevegte in die Italiaanse veldtog beleef. Belangrike verbintenisse sluit in San Pietro, Anzio en Velletri.

Nie alle afsprake van die 36ste afdeling was suksesvol nie. Een van die bloedigste en mees gedebatteerde verbintenisse was die poging om die Rapido -rivier op 20 en 21 Januarie 1944 oor te steek. Hoewel die meeste offisiere gedink het dat 'n poging om die Rapido oor te steek gedoem is om te misluk, beveel generaal Mark W. Clark die kruising. Die operasie het misluk, en die gevolg was 2 128 slagoffers en die verlies van die grootste deel van die 141ste en 143ste regimente. In 1946 versoek die Vereniging van die 36ste Afdeling 'n ondersoek na die kruising van die Rapidorivier en die rol van generaal Clark. Die komitee oor militêre aangeleenthede van die Verenigde State het 'n verhoor gehou en Clark vrygespreek, hoewel hulle die hoë lewensprys erken het wat die 36ste afdeling betaal het.

Op 15 Augustus 1944 verlaat die 36ste afdeling Italië en beland op die strande van Suid -Frankryk. Hulle het in Frankryk noordwaarts geveg, Duitsland en Oostenryk binnegegaan en gedien totdat die oorlog in Mei 1945 geëindig het. Na ses maande as besettingstroepe keer die 36ste afdeling terug huis toe.

Na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het die 36ste afdeling deel geword van die Texas National Guard. In 1968 is die afdeling gedeaktiveer. Vandag berus sy afstamming en eerbewyse by die 36ste Brigade van die 49ste pantserdivisie van die Amerikaanse weermag.

Omvang en inhoud van die rekords

Die materiaal in hierdie versameling bevat korrespondensie (briewe, V-pos, telegramme, poskaarte, memorandums en groetekaartjies), dagboeke, tydskrifte en herinnerings, militêre rekords, tydskrif- en koerantuitknipsels, gedrukte materiaal, foto's, negatiewe, kaarte, linte, kolle , geld, klankopnames van onderhoude, 'n armband, 'n boek, tekeninge, notules, notas, bladmusiek, gedigte, kongresgetuienis, transkripsies van onderhoude, persverklarings, toesprake, verslae, buitelyne, indekskaarte, bibliografieë, afskrifte van gepubliseerde hoofstukke en artikels, en 'n ontwerp vir 'n boekbaadjie. Die versameling is die navorsingsmateriaal van Robert Wagner, historikus en skrywer van The Texas Army: A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign, en datum [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1971, [1975?] (Grootmaat 1942-1945). Die grootste deel van die materiaal is korrespondensie, uitknipsels, gedrukte materiaal en militêre rekords, 1942 tot 1945, geskep deur en versamel deur soldate van die 36ste divisie wat Wagner versamel het vir sy navorsing. Baie van die korrespondensie is in V-posformaat. V-pos is 'n proses waar die Amerikaanse weermag briewe van die Amerikaanse weermag gemikrofiliseer het, en na die verspreidingsentrums gestuur is waar dit vergroot is tot 4 x 5 duim afdrukke en per gewone pos aan die geadresseerdes gestuur is. Onderwerpe wat in die koerante bespreek word, sluit in kamp- en weermaglewe, militêre strategie en operasies, gesinslewe in die Verenigde State, ervarings van gevangenes, die godsdienstige lewe van soldate en gevegservarings. Baie inligting het betrekking op die Rapido River Crossing, 'n operasie wat groot verliese en beskuldigings van onbevoegde leierskap teen die bevelvoerder, Mark W. Clark, tot gevolg gehad het. Benewens die versameling van oorspronklike materiaal en herinneringe van soldate van die 36ste divisie, het Wagner foto's, kaarte en militêre rekords van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog met betrekking tot die oorlog van die 36ste divisie versamel. Hy het ook inligting versamel van die 36th Division Association, die vereniging vir almal wat te eniger tyd in die 36th Division gedien het, en het 'n onderhoud gevoer met 'n paar van sy dienspligtiges tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog tydens die Verenigingsreünie van 1966. Wagner se aantekeninge, bibliografieë en konsepte van hoofstukke dokumenteer sy navorsings- en skryfproses.

Toe die materiaal aankom, is sommige rofweg deur die skepper georganiseer, maar baie daarvan is nie op 'n waarneembare manier georganiseer nie. Dit blyk dat 'n argivaris die materiaal al in die verlede begin organiseer het, maar nie ver gevorder het nie.

Briewe is uit koeverte verwyder en agter die koeverte waarin dit was, gelewer, in ooreenstemming met die metode wat Wagner gebruik het. Knipsels is gefotokopieer op suurvrye papier. Oorspronklike kaarte is geskei aan die Historiese kaartargief. Foto's en negatiewe is van die Prints and Photographs -versameling geskei.

Die koerante is in 2 reekse georganiseer, die eerste een wat 49 subreekse bevat:

Die terme wat hier gelys is, is gebruik om die rekords te katalogiseer. Die terme kan gebruik word om soortgelyke of verwante rekords te vind.

Onderwerpe: Soldate-Gesinsverhoudings. Soldate-Godsdienstige lewe. Soldate se geskrifte, Amerikaans. Prisoners of War-Verenigde State. Krygsgevangenes-Duitsland. Rapidorivier, Slag van die, 1944. Anzio Beachhead, 1944. Cassino (Italië), Slag van, 1944. Salerno (Italië), Slag van, 1943. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Veldtogte, Italië. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Veldtogte, Afrika, Noord. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Veldtogte, Frankryk. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Veldtogte, Duitsland. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Ongevalle. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Kapelane. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Vermis in aksie. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Kaarte. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Persoonlike vertellings, Amerikaans. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Fotografie. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Gevangenes en gevangenisse, Duits. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Bronne. Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-Veterane. Geskiedenis-Navorsing. Militêre historici-Texas. Plekke: Verenigde State - Geskiedenis - Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945. Persoonlike name:

Maatskappyname: Verenigde State. Weermag. Infanterie -afdeling, 36ste. Verenigde State. Weermag - Militêre lewe. Dokumenttipes: Korrespondensie-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Knipsels-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Dagboeke-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Tydskrifte (rekeninge)-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Herinneringe-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Militêre rekords-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Foto's-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Negatiewe-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Kaarte-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Oudiobande-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Verslae-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Notule-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Onderhoude-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945-[1922?], 1936- [1975?]. Notas-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945--1947-1970. Omlyne-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945--1947-1970. Bibliografieë-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945--1947-1970. Artikels-Texas-Wêreldoorlog, 1939-1945--1947-1970. Funksies: Ondersoek na militêre geskiedenis. Verwante materiaal

Die volgende materiaal word aangebied as moontlike bronne van verdere inligting oor die agentskappe en onderwerpe wat deur die rekords gedek word. Die lys is nie volledig nie.

Die Citadel Archives, Charleston, Suid -Carolina

The Texas Army: A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign, deur Wagner, Robert L. Administratiewe inligting

Michele Ostrow, Januarie 2000

Toetredingsgetalle: 1973/121, 1987/137

Hierdie materiaal is op 3 April 1973 en 25 Junie 1987 deur Robert Wagner aan die Afdeling Argief en Inligtingsdienste van die Texas State Library and Archives Commission geskenk.

Gedetailleerde beskrywing van die rekords Primêre bronne, [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940-1952, 1954-1955, 1957-1971 en [1975?],

Die materiaal bevat korrespondensie (briewe, V-pos, telegramme, poskaarte, memorandums en groetekaartjies), dagboeke, tydskrifte en herinnerings, militêre rekords, tydskrif- en koerantuitknipsels, gedrukte materiaal, foto's, negatiewe, kaarte, linte, kolle, geld, klankbane van onderhoude, 'n armband, 'n boek, tekeninge, notules, notas, bladmusiek, gedigte, kongresgetuienis, afskrifte van onderhoude, persverklarings, toesprake en verslae. Hierdie materiaal is die primêre bronne wat Robert Wagner, historikus, versamel en gebruik het tydens die skryf van sy boek, The Texas Army: A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign, and date [1922?], 1936-1938, 1940- 1952, 1954-1955, 1957-1971 en [1975?]. Die grootste deel van die materiaal is korrespondensie, uitknipsels, gedrukte materiaal en militêre rekords, 1942 tot 1945, geskep deur en versamel deur soldate van die 36ste divisie wat Wagner versamel het vir sy navorsing. Baie van die korrespondensie is in V-posformaat. V-pos is 'n proses waar die Amerikaanse weermag briewe van die Amerikaanse weermag gemikrofileer het, en na die verspreidingsentrums gestuur is waar dit na afdrukke van 4 x 5 duim vergroot is en per gewone pos aan die geadresseerdes gestuur is. Onderwerpe wat in die koerante bespreek word, sluit in kamp- en weermaglewe, militêre strategie en operasies, gesinslewe in die Verenigde State, ervarings van gevangenes, die godsdienstige lewe van soldate en gevegservarings. Baie inligting het betrekking op die Rapido River Crossing, 'n operasie wat groot verliese en beskuldigings van onbevoegde leierskap teen die bevelvoerder, Mark W. Clark, tot gevolg gehad het.

Die materiaal is deur soldate en hul familielede aan Wagner geskenk. Wagner skenk hierdie materiaal dan aan die Texas State Archives. Die kommentaar en onderstreepte wat deur die koerante gevind is, is deur Wagner gemaak tydens sy navorsing.

Die materiaal word in 49 subreekse alfabeties volgens skepper georganiseer, met materiaal gerangskik volgens formaat in die subreeks, en dan chronologies. Na die 43 skepper-subreeks, is daar 6 subreekse gerangskik volgens materiaalformaat.

Paul D. Adams, 1938, 1943-1948, 1969,

Korrespondensie, konsepte van aanhalings, uitknipsels, gedrukte geskiedenis, 'n kaart en kaartoorlegsels, 'n program en 'n tekenprentboek, 1938, 1943-1948, 1969, is die koerante van Paul D. Adams, wat as kolonel gedien het in bevel van die 143ste Regiment van die 36ste Afdeling van 29 Januarie 1944 tot 1 Januarie 1945, op daardie tydstip word hy bevorder tot Brigadier -Generaal en oorgeplaas na die 45ste Afdeling. Die grootste deel van die artikels handel oor Adams se na-oorlogse pogings om onderskeidende eenheidsaanhalings vir eenhede van die 143ste regimentele gevegspan te kry. Die oorspronklike kaart is na die Historiese kaartargief oorgeplaas. Sien die gids getiteld Map, 1944 vir 'n beskrywing.

1973/121-1 Korrespondensie aangaande aanhalings, 1944-1948

1973/121-1 Publikasies, 1938, 1943- [1945?] 1973/121-1 Kaart, 1944 1973/121-1 Knipsels, 1944

1973/121-1 Korrespondensie, 7 Maart 1969 E. Douglas Adkins, 1943-1945, 1964,

Die dagboek van E. Douglas Adkins, 'n onderoffisier van 'H' Company, 143ste Infanterieregiment, is 'n verslag van die daaglikse lewe in 'n Duitse P.O.W. camp from the time he was taken prisoner by Germans on September 13, 1943, until his release in April 1945. Included in the bound diary are copies of letters he received from and sent home between 1943 and 1945, and his 1964 letter giving Wagner permission to use the diary.

1987/137-1 A P.O.W. Diary, 1943-1945, 1964

Erna A. Alexander, 1942-1945,

Letters, greeting cards, a postcard and a photograph, 1942-1945, are the papers of Corporal Erna A. Alexander, Company 'H', 143rd Infantry Regiment. Most of the letters are addressed to Myrtle Dodson, a school teacher in Texas, and trace the development of their romance. Other letters are to Alexander's mother, Mrs. W. E. Alexander of Hawkins, Texas. Alexander was a German P.O.W. from 1943 to 1945. The photograph was transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Correspondence, October 19-24, 1942 for a description and photocopy of the image.

1973/121-1 Correspondence: 1973/121-1 October-December 1941 1973/121-1 January-February 1942 1973/121-1 March-May 1942 1973/121-1 June 1942 1973/121-1 July 3-9, 1942 1973/121-1 July 14-22, 1942 1973/121-1 July 25-29, 1942 1973/121-1 August 4-9, 1942 1973/121-1 August 11-14, 1942 1973/121-1 August 17-20, 1942 1973/121-1 August 21-29, 1942 1973/121-1 August 31-September 14, 1942 1973/121-1 September 15-28, 1942 1973/121-1 October 2-13, 1942 1973/121-1 October 19-24, 1942 1973/121-1 October 25-November 19, 1942 1973/121-1 November 23-25, 1942 1973/121-2 November 30-December 4, 1942 1973/121-2 December 6-14, 1942 1973/121-2 December 16-25, 1942 1973/121-2 December 27-29, 1942 1973/121-2 January 3-19, 1943 1973/121-2 January 21-February 7, 1943 1973/121-2 February 9-21, 1943 1973/121-2 February 28-March 15, 1943 1973/121-2 April 14-June 1, 1943 1973/121-2 June 6-July 18, 1943 1973/121-2 July 23-August 22, 1943 1973/121-2 August 23-October 17, 1943 1973/121-2 November 6, 1943-November 26, 1944 1973/121-2 January 27-May 14, 1945 Lee F. Allison, 1936, 1940-1945,

Letters, V-mail, cartoons, postcards, clippings, poems, articles, a ribbon, and a deposit slip, 1936, 1940-1945, are the papers of Lee F. Allison, of Rocksprings, Texas, who entered the army as a non-commissioned officer and was quickly promoted to Captain in the 36th Quartermasters Corps of the 36th Division. Most of the letters are to his wife, Amy, and concern camp life, family finances, their marriage, and their son, who was born during Allison's tenure with the 36th Division. There are also some letters to Allison's mother, and letters from military officials to Allison or Amy regarding military business. The clippings, the bulk of which date from 1943 and 1944, seem to have been collected by either Allison's wife or mother and mostly relate to the war in Italy.

1973/121-2 Correspondence: 1973/121-2 1936, November 29, 1940-February 15, 1941 1973/121-2 April 15-June 26, 1941 1973/121-2 August 12-September 7, 1941 1973/121-2 February 22-March 3, 1942 1973/121-2 March 4-22, 1942 1973/121-2 March 23-April 8, 1942 1973/121-2 April 8-May 1, 1942 1973/121-2 May 2-5, 1942 1973/121-2 May 5-13, 1942 1973/121-2 May 17-26, 1942 1973/121-2 May 27-June 8, 1942 1973/121-2 June 10-July 30, 1942 1973/121-2 August 2-September 27, 1942 1973/121-2 [1942?] 1973/121-2 January 31-May 12, 1943 1973/121-2 May 15-29, 1943 1973/121-2 June 2-7, 1943 1973/121-2 June 9-24, 1943 1973/121-2 June 28-July 9, 1943 1973/121-2 July 10-August 7, 1943 1973/121-2 August 11-20, 1943 1973/121-2 August 22-28, 1943 1973/121-3 October 1-December 21, 1943 1973/121-3 December 23-29, 1943 1973/121-3 January 7-31, 1944 1973/121-3 February 2-6, 1944 1973/121-3 February 7-25, 1944 1973/121-3 February 1944 1973/121-3 March 4-25, 1944 1973/121-3 March 25-30, 1944 1973/121-3 April 1-14, 1944 1973/121-3 April [15?]-19, 1944 1973/121-3 April 24-30, 1944 1973/121-3 May 4-18, 1944 1973/121-3 June 2-19, 1944 1973/121-3 June 20-July 10, 1944 1973/121-3 July 11-24, 1944 1973/121-3 August 5-October 10, 1944 1973/121-3 October 11-November 2, 1944 1973/121-3 November 3-20, 1944 1973/121-3 November 21-December 1944 1973/121-3 February 14-March 7, 1945 1973/121-3 March 21-April 19, 1945 1973/121-3 April 21-May 9, 1945, and [between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-3 Poems, articles and accounts, 1943-1944 and [between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-3 Ribbon [between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-3 Clippings

1973/121-3 1940, 1942 1973/121-3 1943 1973/121-3 January 1944 1973/121-3 February-March 1944 1973/121-3 May-June 1944 1973/121-3 July-October 1944 1973/121-4 November 1944 1973/121-4 December 1944 and [1944?] 1973/121-4 1945 1973/121-4 [Between 1941 and 1945] Clifton N. ( Jack ) Bellamy, [ca. 1968],

Reminiscences, circa 1968, typed and handwritten by Jack Bellamy, S-3 of the 111th Engineers, at Wagner's request, concern mine warfare and engineer support of combat.

1973/121-4 Reminiscences, [ca. February 1968] William E. ( Jiggs ) Butler, 1940-1944, 1967,

Letters, V-mail, clippings, and a printed program, 1940-1944, 1967, are the papers of William E. Jiggs Butler, Staff Sergeant of 'A' Company. Most of the papers are letters from Butler to his immediate family in Rusk, Texas, and to his relatives in Arkadelphia, Arkansas.

1973/121-4 Correspondence: 1973/121-4 1940-[1941?] 1973/121-4 1942 1973/121-4 January-May 1943 1973/121-4 June-July 1943 1973/121-4 August-September 1943 1973/121-4 October 1943-March 1944 1973/121-4 April-December 1944 and [1943 or 1944] 1973/121-4 1967 Aug. 31 Raymond Casbeer, [1922?], 1943-1945,

A letter, one V-mail, clippings, editions of T-Patch, a publication by the Special Service Section of the 36th Division, and German money, [1922?], 1943-1945, are the papers of Sergeant Raymond Casbeer, Service Company, 142nd Infantry. The 1945 letter, which is to his sister, Pearl Casbeer of Austin, Texas, describes Casbeer's reaction to Franklin D. Roosevelt's death.

1973/121-4 Correspondence and memorabilia, [1922?], 1943-1945 Mark W. Clark, 1943, 1946, [1951?],

Correspondence, clippings, a press statement and a report, 1943, 1946, [1951?], primarily deal with Mark W. Clark's part in the Rapido River crossing. Clark, Commanding General of the Fifth Army from spring 1943 through June 1944, oversaw the failed attempt to cross the Rapido River which was the subject of a 1946 Congressional investigation. These papers are copies from the Mark W. Clark Collection at The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina.

1973/121-4 Correspondence: 1973/121-4 1943 1973/121-4 1946 1973/121-4 Promotion, U.S. Senate Committee on Military Affairs, 1946 June 11 1973/121-4 Press statement and draft report regarding Rapido River crossing, [1951?] General F. von Senger U. Etterlin and Lieutenant General Geoffrey Keyes, 1952, 1955,

Transcripts of interviews, 1955, with General F. von Senger U. Etterlin, Commander of the 14th Panzer Corps, and Lieutenant General Geoffrey Keyes, formerly a Major General and II Corps Commander, relate to the Rapido River crossing. The interviews were conducted by Philip A. Crowl, Department of the Army. There are also copies of notes on a 1952 interview of General Keyes by S. [T.?] Mathews.

1973/121-4 Interviews and notes, 1952, 1955 Marion B. Findlay, 1944-1945,

An entry log and one letter, 1944-1945, are the papers of Marion B. Findlay, Lieutenant, 132nd Field Artillery Battalion. The log, which includes both personal and military matters, contains brief entries about Findlay's daily life in the Army.

1973/121-4 Entry log, January 24, 1944-February 26, 1945 1973/121-4 Letter from George Lynch, 1945 Wes Garrison, [1944], 1967, [196-],

Letters and clippings, [1944], 1967, [196-], comprise the papers of Wes Garrison, probably an enlisted man, of the 36th Division. The letters to Wagner contain Garrison's reminiscences and stories of the war. Garrison also sent Wagner some letters and clippings dating from the war, including a letter written on an armband. This letter has faded and is almost completely illegible.

1973/121-16 Correspondence, [1944] 1973/121-4 Correspondence, 1967, [196-] Lawrence D. Gilmer, 1943-1945,

V-mail, letters, postcards and clippings, 1943-1945, from Major Lawrence D. Gilmer, 155th Field Artillery, 36th Division, to his Aunt Katie Daffan of Ennis, Texas discuss army life, his impressions of Europe and news from home.

1973/121-4 Correspondence: 1973/121-4 April 18, 1943-December 20, 1944 1973/121-4 January 12-July 3, 1945 1973/121-5 Clippings, 1944-1945 [photocopies] Samuel S. Graham, 1942-1946,

Copies of V-mail and letters, 1942-1946, from Lieutenant Colonel Samuel S. Graham, Commanding Officer, 2nd Battalion, 142nd Regiment, to his wife, Irma, and children in Huntsville, Texas, relate to Graham's day-to-day life in the army and family news.

1973/121-5 Correspondence [copies]: 1973/121-5 May 9, 1942-July 9, 1943 1973/121-5 August 2, 1943-July 24, 1944 1973/121-5 August 1944-September 9, 1945 1973/121-5 September 7, 1945-May 14, 1946 John N. ( Pete ) Green, 1943-1945,

Copies of V-mail and letters, 1943-1945, from Lieutenant Colonel John N. ( Pete ) Green, Commanding Officer, 132nd Field Artillery Battalion, to his wife, Helen, and daughters in Abilene, Texas describe Green's army life and discuss news from home. Wagner copied the correspondence and returned the originals.

1973/121-5 Correspondence [copies]: 1973/121-5 1943 1973/121-5 January-July 1944 1973/121-5 August-December 1944 1973/121-5 1945 Major General Heinz Greiner, 1968-1969,

A published book of war reminiscences, a translation of the section dealing with Velletri, and a letter to Major General Fred L. Walker (in German and in translation), 1968-1969, are the papers of Major General Heinz Greiner of the German Army, who was Walker's foe at Rome.

1973/121-5 Kampf um Rom Inferno Am Po , 1968 [book in German] 1973/121-5 Chapter entitled Velletri Falls on May 31 and June, 1944, to a Daring Raid of the Enemy and letter, [translated from German in 1969] Armand Jones, 1943-1946, [ca. 1965],

Letters, V-mail, postcards, money, photocopied clippings, patches from German uniforms, ribbons, drawings, printed material and copies of memoirs, 1943-1946, [ca. 1965], are the papers of Sergeant Armand Jones, Headquarters Battery, 155th Field Artillery Battalion. Most of the materials are letters Jones wrote to his mother, Mrs. Marie Gomez, of San Antonio, Texas. The 93 pages of memoirs are Jones' account of combat between September 9, 1943 and May 8, 1945.

1973/121-5 Correspondence: 1973/121-5 April 10-28, 1943 1973/121-5 April 30-May 28, 1943 1973/121-5 June 1-July 9, 1943 1973/121-5 July 14-August 21, 1943 1973/121-5 August 27-November 29, 1943 1973/121-5 December 16-26, 1943 1973/121-5 [1943?] 1973/121-5 January 6-30, 1944 1973/121-5 February 2-26, 1944 1973/121-5 February 28-March 24, 1944 1973/121-6 March 28-April 18, 1944 1973/121-6 April 23-June 17, 1944 1973/121-6 June 18-July 4, 1944 1973/121-6 July 9-25, 1944 1973/121-6 July 27-August 6, 1944 1973/121-6 August 7-November 20, 1944 1973/121-6 December 2-25, 1944 1973/121-6 [1944?] 1973/121-6 January 9-February 23, 1945 1973/121-6 February 27-March 8, 1945 1973/121-6 March 10-April 4, 1945 1973/121-6 April 18-26, 1945 1973/121-6 May 1-10, 1945 1973/121-6 May 11-30, 1945 1973/121-6 May 31-June 6, 1945 1973/121-6 June 9-July 4, 1945 1973/121-6 July 18, 1945 1973/121-6 July 20-30, 1945 1973/121-6 August 6-September 10, 1945 1973/121-6 Memoirs, [ca. 1965]

1973/121-6 Clippings, 1944-1946

Thomas Gilbert Jones, [not after 1966],

Reminiscences of Thomas Gilbert Jones, Master Sergeant, Operations Section, 111th Engineers, cover the period from Jones' enlistment to the occupation of Naples, Italy. The reminiscences, written before 1966, were given to Wagner by Colonel Oran C. Stovall in 1966, and include Stovall's comments about Jones.

1973/121-6 Reminiscences, [not after 1966] Daniel E. ( Muley ) Junell, 1943-1945, [196-],

V-mail, letters, telegrams and a note, 1943-1945, [196-], are the papers of Daniel E. Muley Junell, Staff Sergeant, 111th Engineers. The letters, written to his mother in Sulphur Springs, Texas, and to his brother, Allen, who served in the war but returned to the States before Junell, primarily discuss news of home, camp life and impressions of the European countryside.

1973/121-6 Correspondence: 1973/121-6 September 16, 1943-June 28, 1944 1973/121-6 July 19, 1944-February 1, 1945 1973/121-6 February 7-May 18, 1945, [196-], and [between 1943 and 1945] Clayton P. Kerr, 1942-1944,

A copy of the journal, 1942-1944, kept by Colonel Clayton P. Kerr, Chief of Staff, includes statements made by officers, memoranda routed to officers by Kerr, remarks of division commanders, and copies of military correspondence and receipts, and is a detailed record of Kerr's military activities.

1973/121-6 December 2, 1942-May 4, 1943 1973/121-6 May 5-September 3, 1943 and September 21, 1943 1973/121-7 September 3, 1943-February 2, 1944 Eugene, Clarence and Jesse Kettrick, 1943-1945,

Telegrams, correspondence, and clippings, 1943-1945, are the papers of enlisted men Eugene, Clarence and Jesse Kettrick, three brothers from Somerville, Texas. Many of the telegrams and letters are from the Army and Red Cross to Charles Kettrick, the father, and tell the fate of the three brothers: Jesse was wounded, and Eugene and Clarence were POWs. At the end of the war, all three returned home. Included is a letter from Senator Lyndon B. Johnson to the father expressing sympathy for Jesse Kettrick after he was wounded in battle. The letters were donated by Olga Thomas, sister of the three brothers (identification of the donor made by Thomas Gripp on June 26, 2005.)

1973/121-7 Correspondence: 1973/121-7 June 2-October 23, 1943 1973/121-7 December 6, 1943-May 27, 1945 1973/121-7 Clippings, 1943-1944

Clyde W. Kitchens, 1943-1945, 1965,

V-mail, letters and telegrams, 1943-1945, from enlisted man Clyde W. Kitchens to his parents in Austin, Texas, and letters from military officials to Kitchens' parents tell of army life and a slight wound Kitchens received. Included is a 1965 letter from Mrs. Kitchens to Wagner donating the letters.

1973/121-7 Correspondence: 1973/121-7 April 2, 1943-November 4, 1944 1973/121-7 November 23, 1944-May 7, 1945, 1965 Alfred J. Laughlin, 1943,

One 1943 letter from Captain Alfred J. Laughlin, S-3, 3rd Battalion, 143rd Infantry Regiment, to friends in Mexia, Texas discusses Laughlin's recuperation from seemingly severe battle wounds. Enclosed in the letter is a copy of Walter Stoneman's Chicago Daily News article which includes stories about Laughlin.

1973/121-7 Correspondence, 1943 Dec. 2 George E. Lynch, 1943-1945, 1968-1969,

Letters to Wagner, a copy of a history of the 142nd Infantry Regiment which is similar to a regular monthly regimental history, and a wartime photograph which was enclosed in a letter, 1943-1945, 1968-1969, are the papers of Lieutenant Colonel George E. Lynch, commanding officer of the 142nd Infantry Regiment. The photograph was transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Correspondence and photograph, [ca. 1944], 1968-1969 for a description and photocopy of the image.

1973/121-7 Correspondence and photograph, [ca. 1944], 1968-1969 1973/121-7 History - 142nd Infantry, 36th Division, September 3, 1943-May 8, 1945, volume 1 [copy]

Chaplain Herbert E. MacCombie, 1940-1946, [1975?],

Journals, memoirs, correspondence including letters to Wagner, memorandum slips, programs, personnel lists, blank military forms, records of burials, drawings, photographs, souvenirs, postcards, ration cards, invitations, tickets, brochures, maps, speeches, clippings, notes, outlines, orders and tags, 1940-1946, [1975?], are the papers of Herbert E. MacCombie, Chaplain of the 36th Division. MacCombie's papers provide information about the duties and activities of chaplains during the war, and the religious life of soldiers. The photographs were transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Pictures and Photographs, 1941-1944 for descriptions and photocopies of the images. The maps were transferred to the Historic Map Archive. See the folder entitled Maps, 1941, 1943-1944 for descriptions.

1973/121-7 Daily journal: 1973/121-7 April 19-June 26, 1943 1973/121-7 June 27-October 26, 1943 1973/121-7 October 27, 1943-January 25, 1944 1973/121-7 Daily journal, Robert forward: 1973/121-7 May 8-July 27, 1944 1973/121-7 August 10-December 31, 1944 1973/121-7 January-July 1945 1973/121-7 Daily journal, Robert rear: 1973/121-7 March-December, 1944 1973/121-7 January-May, 1945 1973/121-7 Memoirs, Chaplains of the 36th Division, [1975?] 1973/121-8 Recapitulation-Chaplain's activities, 1941, 1943-1945 1973/121-8 Correspondence and report on Operation Avalanche, 1942-1945 1973/121-8 Chief of Chaplains, circular letters: 1973/121-8 1940, 1943 1973/121-8 1944 1973/121-8 Letters from Office of Corps Chaplain, undated 1973/121-8 Chaplain's Office memo slips, 1944 1973/121-8 Chaplain personnel, 1945 1973/121-8 Roster of officers, 1943 1973/121-8 Records of burials, 1943 1973/121-8 Chapel list, 11A, Camp Edwards orders, 1942 1973/121-8 Religious preferences of the 36th Infantry Division, November 24, 1942 1973/121-8 Speeches, 1943, [194-] 1973/121-8 School for Chaplains, May 11-22, 1942 1973/121-8 Graves Registration School, notes, outline etc., 1943 1973/121-8 Pictures and photographs, 1941-1944 1973/121-8 Maps, 1941, 1943-1944 1973/121-8 Programs, 1941-1946 1973/121-8 Souvenirs, 1943-1945 and [between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-8 Clippings, 1943-1945

A January 22, 1944 statement by Private Savino Manella, Medical Detail, Company A, 141st Infantry, concerns the crossing of the Rapido River the previous day.

1973/121-8 Statement, 1944 Jan. 22

William H. Martin, [1943 or 1944],

One black and white negative, taken in 1943 or 1944, of Colonel William H. Martin, Commanding Officer, 143rd Infantry Regiment was used as an illustration in The Texas Army. The negative was transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Photographic negative, [1943 or 1944] for a description of the image.

1973/121-8 Photographic negative, [1943 or 1944] Charles H. Owens, [between 1941 and 1945], 1944-1945, 1968,

Military documents, clippings, a program and correspondence, [between 1941 and 1945], 1944-1945, 1968, are the papers of Charles H. Owens, Colonel, 141st Infantry Regiment. Most of the materials are military documents such as patrol reports, reports of operations by month, and operations instructions with corresponding hand-drawn map overlays on tracing vellum, all of which are detailed accounts of the movements of the 141st Infantry from 1944 to 1945.

These papers, arranged chronologically as Owens had them, were removed from the cardboard covers in which he kept them. Each cover is filed in front of the material which it contained. Oversized map overlays were flattened and separated to oversize boxes 1973/121-16 and 1973/121-17.

1973/121-8 Military documents: 1973/121-8 Operations in France, December 1944 1973/121-8 November-December 1944

1973/121-9 January-February 1945

1973/121-9 March 1945 1973/121-9 April 1945 1973/121-9 May 1945 1973/121-9 June-July and September 1945 1973/121-9 October 1945 1973/121-9 [Between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-9 Clippings [photocopies] and pamphlet, [1944?], 1945 1973/121-9 Correspondence, 1968 John Bob Parks, [not before 1945],

Reminiscences of John Bob Parks of Spencer, Louisiana, Corporal, 111th Engineer Combat Battalion, written some time after 1945, describe building the road over Mount Artemisio, Italy. He operated the lead bulldozer.

1973/121-10 Reminiscences, The Road that Could not be Built, [not before 1945] Earl Patrick Powers, 1949,

Diary, 1949, of Earl Patrick Powers, Lieutenant, 111th Engineer Combat Battalion, records his return to the battle sites in Italy, France and Germany. During this trip, he kept this diary which related his reminiscences and included sketched maps. Oran C. Stovall had the diary and gave it to Wagner in 1964.

1973/121-10 Diary, Journey into the Past : 1973/121-10 Loose copy

1973/121-10 Bound copy Andrew F. Price, [1943?]-1944 and [not before 1945],

Personal and military records, reminiscences and a negative, [1943?]-1944 and [not before 1945], are the papers of Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Price, Executive Officer, 141st Infantry Regiment, who was wounded at Cassino in 1944. The military records include maps and casualty lists. The negative was transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Photographic negative, [1943 or 1944] for a description of the image.

1973/121-10 Military records, G-3 journal and file, January-March 1944

1973/121-10 Personal records, 1944

1973/121-10 Reminiscences, Personal Account of Service with the 36th Division, [not before 1945]

1973/121-10 Photographic negative, [1943 or 1944] Van W. Pyland, [1943?],

A personal report, [1943?], by Lieutenant Colonel Van W. Pyland concerns the activities of the 636th Tank Destroyer Battalion at Salerno. It was given to Wagner by Major General Fred L. Walker.

1973/121-10 Statement regarding Salerno, [1943?]

Harold R. ( Hal ) Reese, 1944, 1967,

Reminiscences of Lieutenant Colonel Hal Reese, Inspector General of the 36th Division, 1944, 1967, were written a few months after the February 1944 truce which allowed Americans and Germans to recover their dead from Mount Castellone. Shortly after writing his reminiscences, Reese was killed at Velletri. Oran C. Stovall gave Wagner the reminiscences in 1967.

1973/121-10 Reminiscences, Intermission at Cassino, 1944, 1967

Thaddeus Judd Sessions, 1940-1943,

The diary of Captain Thaddeus Judd Sessions of the 111th Engineer Battalion, 1940-1943, documents his activities from the day he went into the Army in Texas through the first half of the war. He stopped keeping his diary due to time constraints and stringent censorship rules. Oran C. Stovall gave this diary to Wagner.

1973/121-10 Diary, October 12, 1940-winter 1943

Joseph J. Schiefen, 1943-1945,

Letters, V-mail, postcards, a telegram, a receipt, a certificate, a permit to operate a vehicle and a liberty pass, 1943-1945, are the papers of Private Joseph J. Schiefen, `L' Company, 142nd Infantry. Most of the materials are V-mail from Schiefen to his mother and siblings in Elmira, New York. Also included are letters to his mother from Senator Jason S. Mead, and letters to Schiefen from the Red Cross and from Mrs. Maude Harrison asking for details about the death of her son who served with him.

1973/121-10 Correspondence: 1973/121-10 March 18, 1943-January 20, 1944 1973/121-10 February 29-May 30, 1944 1973/121-10 June 6-October 24, 1944 1973/121-10 October 29, 1944-June 6, 1945 1973/121-10 June 11-November 1, 1945 and [between 1943 and 1945] Brigadier General Robert I. Stack, 1969,

Biographical information of Brigadier General Robert I. Stack, 1969, was sent to Wagner by Stack in 1969. Stack came to the 36th Division in February 1944, serving first as Assistant Division Commander, and then as Division Commander.

1973/121-11 Biographical information, 1969 Sept. 30 Oran C. Stovall, 1943-1946, 1961, 1970 and [not before 1943],

Correspondence, reports, reminiscences, maps, photographs and negatives, 1943-1946, 1961, 1970 and [not before 1943], are the papers of Oran C. Stovall, Major and Commanding Officer of the 111th Engineers and, later, Lieutenant Colonel. Stovall assisted Wagner with his research by donating his and other soldiers' materials and by contacting other soldiers on Wagner's behalf. Maps were transferred to the Historic Map Archive and photographs and negatives were transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. For descriptions of maps, and descriptions and photocopies of images, see the folders entitled Maps, 1943-1944, 1961 and Photographs, [not before 1943].

1973/121-11 Correspondence, 1944, 1961, 1970 1973/121-11 Military reports, 1944 1973/121-11 Engineer Functions in Crossing of Rapido River, 1944 June 24

1973/121-11 Reminiscences, The Road to Rome, [196-]

1973/121-11 36th Division Association, 1946 1973/121-11 Photographs, [not before 1943] 1973/121-11 Maps, 1943-1944, 1961 Albert C. Suessmuth, 1943-1944,

V-mail and letters, 1943-1944, from Captain Albert C. Suessmuth, Service Company, 143rd Infantry, are to his wife and son in Houston.

1973/121-11 Correspondence, July 13, 1943-Christmas 1944 Hulen T. ( Bo ) and [Cleve?] Tackett, 1942-1944, and [between 1941 and 1945],

Letters, postcards and V-mail, 1942-1944 and [between 1941 and 1945], written by Private Hulen T. Bo Tackett, Company B, 143rd Infantry, are to his mother in Mexia, Texas. Some of this correspondence describes Tackett's recuperation from wounds. Also included are Wagner's notes, a clipping and two wartime V-mail letters from Bo's brother, Private [Cleve?] Tackett, to his mother from his post with the 32nd Photo Reconnaissance Squadron. This Squadron was not part of the 36th Division.

1973/121-11 Bo Tackett's correspondence: 1973/121-11 1942 1973/121-11 1943 1973/121-11 1944 and [between 1941 and 1945] 1973/121-11 [Cleve?] Tackett's correspondence, February 24 and 26, [between 1941 and 1945] Major General Fred L. Walker, 1943-1945, 1947, 1957, 1960, 1962, 1966-1969,

Copies of part of his diary, articles, correspondence with Wagner, comments on the Lightening Report (a report of action in Italy from the viewpoint of the German army), and remarks made by Senator James E. Taylor on the occasion of the presentation of Walker's portrait to the Senate, 1943-1945, 1947, 1957, 1960, 1962, 1966-1969, are the papers of Major General Fred L. Walker, Commander of the 36th Division from September 1941 to July 1944. Walker assisted Wagner with his research and commented on his drafts.

1973/121-11 Diary, partial, 1943-1944

1973/121-11 Comments on the Rapido River Crossing, 1960

1973/121-11 Article 1973/121-11 Appendix A 1973/121-11 Appendix B 1973/121-11 My Story of the Rapido Crossing, 1962

1973/121-11 Comments on The Battle of Cassino, 1957

1973/121-11 Correspondence: 1973/121-11 1966 1973/121-11 1967 1973/121-11 1968 1973/121-11 1969 1973/121-11 Excerpts from Lightening Report, 1947 1973/121-11 Biographical information, 1969

1973/121-11 Foreword, by Earle G. Wheeler, 1969

1973/121-11 Acceptance remarks by Senator James E. Taylor, 1945

Richard J. Werner, [1941 or 1942],

Two photographic prints and one negative from 1941 or 1942 show Colonel Richard J. Werner, Commanding Officer, 141st Regiment, at Camp Edwards in Massachusetts, and when he was Lieutenant Colonel, G-3, 36th Division. The Photographs were transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Photographs, [1941 or 1942] for photocopies of images.

1973/121-11 Photographs, [1941 or 1942] Charles J. Wilcox, [1942?]-1945,

Letters, V-mail, and photocopied clippings, [1942?]-1945, are the papers of Staff Sergeant Charles J. Wilcox, Headquarters, 36th Infantry Division. The correspondence is to his parents in Oklahoma and to the Clemens in Boulder, Colorado. The Clemens were probably his in-laws.

1973/121-11 Correspondence: 1973/121-11 [1942?], April-June 1943 1973/121-11 July-August 1943 1973/121-11 September-November 12, 1943 1973/121-11 November 16-29, 1943 1973/121-11 December 1943, April-May 1944 and [1943 or 1944] 1973/121-11 Clippings, [between 1943 and 1945]

Alden W. ( Sticky ) Williams, 1943-1945, 1968,

Letters, telegrams, V-mail, clippings, reminiscences, postcards, and a photograph, 1943-1945, 1968, are the papers of Alden W. Sticky Williams, Sergeant in the 111th Engineers. Most of the correspondence is from Williams to his mother, Mrs. W. W. Williams (after remarrying, known as Mrs. Estelle Kennedy) of Bowie, Texas. One letter is from Williams' brother, who was attached to the American embassy in Ankara, Turkey, to his mother. Williams' reminiscences detail events at Velletri, Italy.

The photograph was transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See the folder entitled Correspondence, October 1944 for a description and photocopy of the image. The correspondence is arranged chronologically, except for two letters which were marked unused by Wagner and thus put in a separate folder.

1973/121-11 Correspondence: 1973/121-11 April-May 1943 1973/121-11 June-July 1943 1973/121-11 August 1943 1973/121-11 September 1943 1973/121-11 October 3-19, 1943 1973/121-11 October 21-November 7, 1943 1973/121-11 November 11-28, 1943 1973/121-11 December 1943 1973/121-12 January 1-14, 1944 1973/121-12 January 19-26, 1944 1973/121-12 February 5-15, 1944 1973/121-12 February 16-29, 1944 1973/121-12 March 2-10, 1944 1973/121-12 March 11-19, 1944 1973/121-12 March 21-29, 1944 1973/121-12 April 1944 1973/121-12 May 1944 1973/121-12 June 1944 1973/121-12 July 4-14, 1944 1973/121-12 July 17-30, 1944 1973/121-12 August 1944 1973/121-12 September 1944 1973/121-12 October 1944 1973/121-12 November 1944 1973/121-12 December 4-8, 1944 1973/121-12 December 15-27, 1944 1973/121-12 January 3-23, 1945 1973/121-12 January 27-February 9, 1945 1973/121-12 February 13-March 10, 1945 1973/121-12 March 13-26, 1945 1973/121-12 March 28-April 15, 1945 1973/121-12 May 1945 1973/121-12 June 5-19, 1945 1973/121-12 June 25-July 23, 1945 1973/121-12 [Between 1942 and 1945] 1973/121-12 Unused, 1944 1973/121-12 Reminiscences, 1968 William G. Yates, 1967,

Reminiscences and correspondence, 1967, by Captain William G. Yates, 'I' Company, 143rd Regiment, describe landing at Salerno, and battles at Altavilla and Hill 424 in Italy. Yates sent Wagner the 8 handwritten pages of reminiscences in 1967.

1973/121-12 Correspondence and reminiscences, 1967 July 5 Military records, 1943-1944, 1946, 1968 and [194-],

Operations reports which include casualty rosters, military investigation reports, a company roster, a military history and a report from a hearing, 1943-1944, 1946, 1968 and [194-], were collected by Robert Wagner in the course of his research. These records provide information about the movements of the 36th Division and specific battles fought in Italy. Also included is the report and testimony from the 1946 Congressional hearing investigating the Rapido River crossing.

1973/121-12 Operations in Italy [copies]: 1973/121-12 November 1943 1973/121-12 December 1943 1973/121-12 January 1944 1973/121-12 February 1944 1973/121-12 Operations Avalanche

1973/121-12 1943 1973/121-12 Supplement, 1943 1973/121-12 Report by John W. O'Daniel, 1943 1973/121-13 Capture of Velletri and the Colle Lazialle, 1944 1973/121-13 Army investigation of 142nd and 143rd Infantry on September 13 near Altavilla, 1943

1973/121-13 Company H roster, 1943

1973/121-13 Second Chemical Mortar Battalion history, December 1943, 1968

1973/121-13 1973/121-13 Rapido River Crossing, hearings before the Committee on Military Affairs, House of Representatives, February 20 and March 18, 1946

Maps, 1936-1938, 1941, 1943-1944, 1948-1951, 1954-1955, 1958, 1962-1963, 1965-1967 [194-] and [19--],

fractional and 90 original maps transferred to Historic Map Archive

Maps of Italy, France, Germany, Asia, South America and the United States, 1936-1938, 1941, 1943-1944, 1948-1951, 1954-1955, 1958, 1962-1963, 1965-1967, [194-] and [19--], were used by soldiers during World War II, or used after the war for research purposes. Many of the World War II maps are operations maps annotated by soldiers and used with overlays. The 90 original maps were transferred to the Historic Map Archive of the Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Copies of maps and overlays were not transferred. For more detailed descriptions of the original maps, see the inventory of the Historic Map Archive in the reading room and on the web site of the Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission at http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/lobby/maps/index.html. Related maps from the 36th Division Association Collection are in the Historic Map Archive (maps 2234 through 2273).

1973/121-13 Italy: 1973/121-13 36th Division, [194-]

1973/121-13 1941, 1943-1944, 1948-1949, 1954-1955, 1958, 1962-1963, 1965-1967 and [19--] 1973/121-13 France, 1936-1938, 1943-1944 and [19--] 1973/121-13 Germany, 1944 and [19--] 1973/121-13 Other, [194-], 1950-1951 1973/121-13 Map overlays, 1944 Photographs, 1943-1945, 1947, 1951, 1960, 1970-1971 and [not before 1941],

32 prints and 20 negatives transferred to Prints and Photographs Collection

Black and white and color photographic negatives and prints, 1943-1945, 1947, 1960, 1970-1971 and [not before 1941], depict 36th Division officers, enlisted men, war scenes and military life. Most of the photographs are scenes from France and Italy during World War II. Many of these are prints Wagner ordered from the Department of the Army. Some of the photographs were used as illustrations in The Texas Army . These negatives and prints were transferred to the Prints and Photographs Collection. See folders for descriptions and photocopies of images.

1973/121-13 1943-1944, 1947, 1951, 1960, 1970-1971 and [not before 1941] 1973/121-13 After invasion of Southern France, [1944 or 1945] Interviews, 1966,

At the 36th Division reunion in 1966, Robert Wagner conducted taped interviews with the following former 36th Division soldiers: John N. Pete Green Remus L. Jones William H. Wilbur William H. Martin Riley M. Tidwell and Fred L. Walker.

The original ¼ inch tape is restricted for preservation purposes. A cassette listening copy was made in 1998. There are no transcripts of the interviews.

Audio-cassette Box 1 Interviews, 1966: Audio-cassette Box 1 1/4 inch audio tape [restricted] Audio-cassette Box 1 Cassette tape [listening copy] 36th Division Association, [ca. 1945], 1961-1969,

Correspondence, trip planning material, reunion program, notes, minutes, photocopied clippings, sheet music, and The T-Patcher and T-Patch Tales, both publications of the Association, [ca. 1945], 1961-1969, are the papers of the 36th Division Association, the voluntary organization open to former members of the 36th Division. Some of the material relates to Armand Jones' organization of a 1963 Association trip to Europe.

1973/121-13 Records, 1961-1966 1973/121-13 The T-Patcher, 1966-1969 1973/121-13 The Eyes of the World are on You, 36th, music, [ca. 1945] [copy] Printed material, [1945], 1959,

The Story of the 36th Infantry Division, a pamphlet published overseas probably in 1945, and The Last Will and Testament of Captain Henry T. Waskow, published by the Temple Daily Telegram in 1959, are printed materials gathered by Wagner during his research.

1973/121-13 Printed material, [1945], 1959 Miscellaneous, [19--],

An unidentified letter fragment, [19--], written in Dallas, Texas.

1973/121-13 Unidentified letter fragment, [19--] Wagner's research, 1947-1949, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962-1970,

Correspondence, outlines, notes, index cards, bibliographies, copies of published chapters and articles, photocopied clippings, and a design for a book jacket, 1947-1949, 1953, 1956, 1958 and 1962-1970, document Robert Wagner's research and writing of The Texas Army: A History of the 36th Division in the Italian Campaign . Most of these materials are letters Wagner wrote to and received from soldiers and their family members in his attempt to track down primary source materials for his research. There is also correspondence with librarians and archivists around the country who assisted Wagner with research requests. Drafts of chapters and notes document Wagner's research and writing process.

The materials are arranged by format and then chronologically, with the most abundant material listed first.

Letters having to do with the research and writing of The Texas Army : 1973/121-13 September-October 1963 1973/121-13 November-December 1963 1973/121-13 February 1964 1973/121-13 March 1964 1973/121-13 April-June 1964 1973/121-13 August-September 1964, 1964 1973/121-13 1965-1966 1973/121-13 May-July 7, 1967 1973/121-13 July 25, 1967 1973/121-13 July 31-November 27, 1967 1973/121-13 January-May 1968 1973/121-13 June-October 1968 1973/121-13 1969-1970 and [196-] 1973/121-13 Outlines and notes for book research, [196-], 1964, 1968 1973/121-15 Index card notes for book research, [196-] 1973/121-14 Bibliographies for book research, 1962-1965 and [19--] 1973/121-14 Secondary sources [copies]: 1973/121-14 Cutting the Winter Line, The Hyeres Landings and The Long March East, chapters 5, 10 and 11 of The First Special Service Force: A War History of the North Americans, 1942-1944 by Lieutenant Col. Robert D. Burhans, 1947 1973/121-14 Mud, Muddling and Makeshift, chapter 16 of From the Ashes of Disgrace by Admiral Franco Maugeri, edited by Victor Rosen, 1948 1973/121-14 Cassino, chapter 26 of Infantry Brigadier by Major-General Sir Howard Kippenberger, 1949 1973/121-14 La Prise du Belvedere et la Premiere Bataille de Cassino, chapter 11 of Cassino by Jacques Mordal, 1953 [in French] 1973/121-14 Pages 33-41 from Grand Strategy , Volume 5, August 1943-September 1944 by John Ehrman, 1956 1973/121-14 Counter-thrust of the 16th Panzer Division, from History of the 16th Panzer Division, 1939-1945 by Wolfgang Werthen, 1958

[typed translation and copy in German]

1973/121-14 The First Cassino Battle, chapter 8 of Monte Cassino by Rudolf Boehmler, 1964 1973/121-14 Salerno, D-Plus 4 by Charles E. Kelley from Heroes of the Army by Bruce Jacobs, [1966] 1973/121-14 Clippings regarding book research, 1964 and [196-]


Love and Compatibility for September 6 Zodiac

Lovers born on September 6 are affectionate and committed. They leave passion aside in order to build a dependable and trustworthy relationship. They are attracted to persons that are as intelligent and trustworthy as them and even more to someone who is sensible and caring and to whom they can offer support and protection. This single native is focused on the other aspects of life and is never in a rush to commit if he/she doesn't feel it's right.

Their love affairs grow from strong friendships. They need time to know the person likely to stay beside them and although they are not usually a passionate lover their loyalty and honesty compensate. They are very kind souls and this won&rsquot remain unnoticed by the important persons around them in life. They will lead a great inner home happiness governed by domestic responsibility and good judgment. They are most compatible with those born on the 1st, 6th, 9th, 10th, 15th, 18th, 19th, 24th and 27th.

September 6 Zodiac people seem to be most attracted to the other earth signs: Taurus and Capricorn as they tend to share the same vision of life. In love, Virgo is in a permanent search for someone to nurture, help grow and to whom they can give everything they have and the best to offer this occasion to them is the native born under Pisces. The lover in Virgo is said to be least compatible with Leo. As for the rest of partnerships between the other star signs and Virgo, you know what they say, stars predispose but people dispose.


Coventry

Coventry, an important engineering and armaments producing centre, was raided on 14-15 November 1940. German bombers dropped 503 tons of high explosive and 30,000 incendiary bombs on the city. 568 people were killed and 850 seriously injured. The medieval Cathedral was destroyed. Almost one third of the city's houses were made uninhabitable and 35% of its shops destroyed. In a relatively small city with a population of just over 200,000, everyone knew someone killed or injured in the raid. A new verb coventrieren – 'to Coventrate' was used by the Germans to describe the level of destruction.


6 September 1943 - History

On 26 September 1943, forward Juan Arza scored a hat-trick on his debut for Sevilla. He went on to become the club's all-time La Liga scoring leader.

Twenty years old at the time, the Estella-born Arza had played for Alavés and Màlaga before joining Sevilla. There, in his first official match, his three goals helped them to a 5-2 victory over Sabadell. They were the first of seventeen goals he scored that season as Sevilla finished in third.

He remained with them for sixteen seasons, winning the league in 1946 and the Copa del Rey in 1948. His best scoring season was 1954-55, when his twenty-nine goals won him the Pichichi as La Liga's top marksman.

Before leaving Sevilla in 1959, Arza had collected a total of 207 goals. Although that ranks him second in the club's all-time scoring list, behind Guillermo Campanal (218), Arza's league tally of 182 remains the highest in club history.


Italian Army Territoriale Battaglione September 1943

Plaas deur territoriale » 29 Nov 2020, 23:24

Can I ask for help in my research to identify all the Italian Army Costiero, Territoriale and Territoriale Mobile (Not MVSN or CN) battalions that existed in Italy and/or overseas as at September 1943 please?

Unlike the First World War, I have not been able to locate a complete list of these and so are using various written and internet sources to create one. Does anyone know or have one they could share please (perhaps Maurizio, as you helped me with the 1915-1918 ones some time ago?).

I have two particular questions I really would like help with -

1. Which battalions were in Calabria, Puglie/Apulia & Basilicata (including the 209-212/214 & 227 Coastal Divisions XXXI Coastal Brigade
and Piazza MM of Taranto and Bari) in September 1943?
2. Which battalions had been formed with numbers between 549 and 581 and where were they in September 1943?

I have checked all the internet sources I have found so far without success.