Inligting

Jaar Tweedag 57 Obama -administrasie 17 Maart 2010 - Geskiedenis


09:30 ontvang die president die presidensiële daaglikse briefing
Ovaal kantoor


10:00 HET DIE PRESIDENT die Economic Daily Briefing ontvang
Ovaal kantoor


10:45 AM DIE PRESIDENT ontmoet die Taoiseach van Ierland Brian Cowen
Ovaal kantoor
Bl
12:35 PM DIE PRESIDENT lewer opmerkings by Speaker Pelosis Friends of Ireland Luncheon
Die Capitol

19:25 DIE PRESIDENT en DIE EERSTE DAME het die ontvangs van St. Patricks Day aangebied
Oos kamer


Inleiding

Die vraag na hierdie bundel, hoe belangrik dit ook al is, is nie bloot watter erfenis Barack Obama in die Indo-Stille Oseaan agterlaat nie, of inderdaad hoe Donald Trump in die eerste twee jaar met die nalatenskap omgegaan het. in beheer. Dit is van die historiese nalatenskappe van die Amerikaanse mag in die Indo-Stille Oseaan in die een-en-twintigste eeu, waaruit Obama en Trump self bestaan, wat hul idees en optrede omskryf en stuur, en wat hulle uitdaag of versterk. Individue en hul administrasies is belangrik, maar ook die onderliggende kennis en waarhede oor die wêreld, wat soms eeue lank deurgehou word om deur nuwe presidente en hul adviseurs geërf te word omdat hulle die partypolitiek en die grille en siklusse van die algemene opinie uitdaag. Dit is die nalatenskappe waaroor hierdie hoofstuk handel.

Die argument is nie dat Obama, Trump of enige ander bewoner van die Withuis op die een of ander manier irrelevant is nie-dat daar tydlose en almagtige verstandhouding bestaan ​​oor die Verenigde State en die Indo-Stille Oseaan wat van enige gegewe president en hul administrasie 'n hulpelose kanaal maak deterministiese diskoerse of wyshede. Dit is in elke bespreking van die nalatenskap van die president in die eerste instansie nuttig om terug te gaan om die historiese omstandighede te evalueer wat verduidelik hoe dit kan ontstaan ​​en wat die verlede ons vertel oor hul moontlike toekomstige rigting.

Hierdie hoofstuk begin met besprekings oor die vraag of die Amerikaanse internasionalisme ryk of hegemonie verteenwoordig, en die toepaslikheid daarvan op die plek van die Verenigde State in Asië en die Stille Oseaan. Om die plek en sy uiteenlopende manifestasies oor ruimte en tyd te begryp, word aangevoer dat die Verenigde State deurgaans 'n posisie van keiserlike hegemonie in die Asië-Stille Oseaan nagestreef het (eerder as die groter Indo-Stille Oseaan, waaroor hierdie volume in totaal is bekommerd). Die volgende afdeling voer aan dat die Verenigde State in hierdie strewe probeer het om 'n Amerikaanse Stille Oseaan te bou, omring deur die waargenome beskawingswaardes en fisiese gesag van die Amerikaanse self. Die formasies van hierdie Amerikaanse Stille Oseaan word herlei vanaf die vroegste tydperke van Amerikaanse ekspansionisme, wat toon hoe dit nog altyd as 'n uitbreiding van die Amerikaanse grondgebied en identiteit beskou is. Die hoofstuk gaan dan oor die presidentskap van Barack Obama van 2009–17 en hoe sy beleid en wêreldbeskouings deur eeue se historiese logika ingelig is oor die Verenigde State en sy rol in die Stille Oseaan. Dit beoordeel ook wat die eerste twee jaar van die Donald Trump-presidentskap onthul het oor die diepgewortelde nalatenskappe van die Amerikaanse Stille Oseaan in die tydperk na Obama, nie die minste met betrekking tot die hervorming van die streek in 'n groter 'Indo-Stille Oseaan' nie. . Die hoofstuk word afgesluit met die argument dat die belangrikste nalatenskappe van die Amerikaanse Stille Oseaan vir een-en-twintigste-eeuse Amerikaanse administrasies grootliks onbetwisbare waarhede is oor die Verenigde State as 'n plaaslike rolspeler in 'n hele gebied wat van die Wes-Verenigde State tot die verste dele van Asië sou strek. , en dat 'n steeds groter wordende bereik van invloed en gesag 'n steeds groter wordende verantwoordelikheid beteken het om hom daar te onderhou en te verdedig.


Inhoud

Barack Hussein Obama Jr. is gebore op 4 Augustus 1961 [1], aan ouers Barack Hussein Obama Sr. en Stanley Ann Dunham, in Hawaii. Die egpaar sou in 1963 skei as gevolg van spanning wat veroorsaak is deur Barack Obama sr. Om Hawaii te verlaat om ekonomie aan Harvard te studeer, toe Obama twee jaar oud was, waarna sy ma met Lolo Soetoro, 'n geoloog, trou. Toe Barack Obama 6 was, het sy ma hom vir vier jaar na Jakarta, Indonesië, geneem terwyl sy 'n Ph.D. in Antropologie wat veldwerk daar vereis. Daarna het sy hom by Hawaii by sy grootouers gelaat (Stanley en Madelyn Dunham, wat in 1959 na Hawaii verhuis het) sodat hy Amerikaanse opleiding kon volg. [2] Ander broers en susters van Obama's sluit in sy halfsuster Maya Soetoro-Ng en sewe ander kinders wat sy pa deur 4 verskillende vroue gebore is. [3] 'n Groot deel van sy vroeë lewe, voor hy na die Columbia -universiteit oorgeplaas is, het hy sy bynaam "Barry" gehad. In die somer van 1988, voordat hy die Harvard Law School bygewoon het (hy is pas aanvaar), besoek hy Kogelo, Kenia, om meer te wete te kom oor sy pa se familie, sy pa is in 1982 in 'n motorongeluk dood. Toe sy ma in 1995 oorlede is , het hy en sy suster Maya haar as oor Hawaii se suidelike oewer gestrooi. [2]

Persoonlike lewe

Barack Obama ontmoet en begin met sy toekomstige vrou, 'n prokureur genaamd Michelle Robinson, self 'n onlangse Harvard Law School -gegradueerde, terwyl hy by Sidley Austin LLP werk, 'n gesogte korporatiewe regsfirma. [1] Die twee gaan voort om 'n lang afstand te ontmoet terwyl hy die regsskool voltooi het, en op 18 Oktober 1982 is hulle deur dominee Jeremiah Wright in die Trinity United Church getroud. [2] In 1999 is hul eerste kind gebore, Malia, en in 2001 nog 'n dogter, Natasha (dikwels Sasha genoem). [1]

Obama het van 1985-1988 by eerwaarde Jeremiah Wright se Trinity United Church aangesluit tydens sy tyd as gemeenskapsorganiseerder (Sien 1985-1988, afdeling Gemeenskapsorganiseerder). Obama is in die Trinity United Church getroud, erken Wright met sy bekering tot die Christendom en laat albei sy dogters, Sasha en Malia, daar laat doop. [2]

Onderwys

Op die ouderdom van 6 het Obama skole in Indonesië bygewoon, die eerste 'n Katolieke skool terwyl hy in die kleuterskool was, en later 'n openbare skool. Alhoewel die openbare skool meestal Moslemstudente gehad het (aangesien die meeste Indonesiërs Moslem was), is die bewerings dat dit 'n Moslem -skool of Madrassa was, onwaar. In 1971, op die ouderdom van 10, verhuis Barack Obama na Hawaii, en sy grootouers het hom gehelp om toegang te verkry tot die gesogte Punahou Akademie in Honolulu deur middel van 'n beurs, terwyl hy in die 5de klas was. [2] By sy elite -hoërskool met 1,200 -studente was hy slegs een van die drie swart studente, en was sy senior jaar op die tweede reeks van die staatskampioen -basketbalspan. Gedurende hierdie tyd gebruik hy gereeld dagga en eksperimenteer ook kortliks met kokaïen. Hy skryf 'n gedig vir die skool se literêre tydskrif, Ka Wai Ola. [3]

In 1979 begin hy 'n tydperk van 2 jaar aan die Occidental College-kollege in Los Angeles [1], en gaan dan oor na die Columbia-universiteit in New York, waaruit hy in 1983 gegradueer het. [4] Gedurende hierdie tyd het hy na bewering by 'n Anti -Apartheidsbyeenkoms op die kampus, [2] hoewel verskeie prominente studenteleiers gesê het dat hulle hom nie daar onthou nie. Professor Michael L. Baron was beïndruk deur Obama en het vir hom 'n aanbeveling aan die Harvard Law School geskryf. [5] In die winter van 1988 besluit Barack Obama om die Harvard Law School by te woon en vertrek uit Chicago na Cambridge, Massachusetts. In sy 2de jaar word hy die eerste swart president van die Harvard Law Review, na 'n "marathon -stemmingsessie" waarin hy op die 19de stembrief verkies is. [3] Dit het tot nasionale aandag en talle werkaanbiedings gelei, wat Obama op 30 -jarige ouderdom laat vaar het om 'n politieke loopbaan in Chicago te volg. [1] [2]

Nie-politieke indiensneming

1983-1984, finansiële ontleder en skrywer

In 1984 werk Obama as skrywer en finansiële ontleder vir Business International Corporation, 'n klein nuusbrief-uitgewery en navorsingsfirma wat multinasionale ondernemings gehelp het om oorsese markte te verstaan. Obama het as skrywer/navorser gedien vir 'n maatskappyverwysingsdiens, Finansiering van buitelandse bedrywighede, en skryf vir 'n nuusbrief, Business International Money Report. Sy studieleier was Cathy Lazere, en hy het by die onderneming gewerk om sy studielenings af te betaal. [5] [6]

1984-1988, Gemeenskapsorganiseerder

In 1984 is Obama aangestel deur die New York Public Interest Research Group, 'n organisasie sonder winsbejag wat die hervorming van die omgewing, verbruikers en die regering bevorder. Hy is ook jaarliks ​​net minder as $ 10 000 betaal as 'n voltydse organiseerder vir Harlem's City College om studentevrywilligers te mobiliseer. [5] Van 1985-88 werk Obama as 'n gemeenskapsorganiseerder aan die South Side van Chicago, waarvoor hy $ 1,000 per jaar betaal is, met $ 2,000 ekstra vir 'n motor. Hy het Loretta Herron gehelp om die stad se goedkeuring te kry vir 'n plaaslike werksentrum. [2] [7] Gedurende hierdie tyd het Obama by Reverend Wright se Trinity United Church aangesluit, want in die woorde van Suzanne Malveaux van CNN, "Dit was die kerk om aan te sluit as u een van die swart bewegers en skudders van Chicago wou wees." Destyds het die organisasie van die gemeenskap 'n noue verbintenis met kerke gehad, en dit was hoe Obama Wright ontmoet het. Die stadige vordering in die bestryding van asbesbesmetting in die Altgeld Gardens -behuisingsprojek het daartoe gelei dat Obama uit Chicago vertrek het en in die winter van 1988 by Harvard Law School ingeskryf het. [2]

1988-1996, Regspraktyk

In 1988 het Obama as Summer Associate werk gekry by een van die mees gesogte korporatiewe regsfirmas ter wêreld, Sidley Austin LLP [8] [2], besit deur Newton Minow, danksy die aanbeveling van Minow se dogter Martha, 'n professor aan Harvard Regskool. Dit was by Minow se prokureursfirma dat Obama Michelle Robinson, sy toekomstige vrou, sou ontmoet. [3] Van 1993-1996 beoefen hy burgerregte, nadat hy afgestudeer het aan Harvard in Miner, Barnhill en Galland, 'n klein polities verbonde prokureursfirma. [8] Dit was by Miner, Barnhill en Galland dat hy die invloedryke eiendomsontwikkelaar Tony Rezko sou ontmoet. [2]

1992-2004, regsprofessor aan die Universiteit van Chicago

Obama het van 1992-2004 deeltyds staatsreg gegee aan die Law School van die University of Chicago [3]. Hy was 'n dosent van 1992-96, het 3 kursusse per jaar aangebied en 'n senior dosent van 1996-2004. Senior lektore word as regsfakulteit beskou en word as professore beskou, maar nie voltyds nie. Obama is gedurende hierdie tydperk verskeie kere uitgenooi om 'n senior lektor te word, maar het elke keer geweier. [9]

1995, skrywer

In 1995 publiseer Obama 'Dreams From My Father' oor sy lewe en gesinsagtergrond. [1]

Persoonlike toekennings

2009 Nobelprys vir vrede

Op 9 Oktober 2009 word Barack H. Obama die derde sittende Amerikaanse president [10] wat die Nobelprys vir Vrede ontvang het "vir sy buitengewone pogings om internasionale diplomasie en samewerking tussen mense te versterk". [11] Obama het gesê dat hy" verbaas en diep nederig "was om die onverwagte toekenning te ontvang, [12] en het ook gesê:" Om eerlik te wees, ek voel nie dat ek verdien om saam met soveel van die die transformerende figure wat deur hierdie prys vereer is - mans en vroue wat my geïnspireer en die hele wêreld geïnspireer het deur hul moedige strewe na vrede. " ]


Juan Garcia neem 'n pos in die Obama -administrasie

Baie geluk aan die voormalige staatsverteenwoordiger, Juan Garcia, met sy nuwe optrede.

Die Withuis het 'n persverklaring uitgereik waarin aangekondig word dat Juan Garcia, die voormalige klasmaat van die regsskool en 'n eenmalige lid van die Texas-huis, aangewys sal word as assistent-sekretaris van die vloot (mannekrag en reserwesake).

Obama het gesê oor die benoeming van die administrasie saam met Garcia:

Hierdie goeie staatsamptenare is welkome toevoegings tot my span terwyl ons daaraan werk om Amerika op 'n pad na voorspoed te plaas en ons land veilig te hou. Ek is geëerd dat hulle by my administrasie sal aansluit en sien daarna uit om saam met hulle te werk in die komende maande en jare. ”

Ek is seker hy sal goeie werk doen. En ek hoop dat hy oor 'n paar jaar weer na Texas sal terugkeer en weer na iets kan hardloop. Garcia het op 'n tyd staatswye ambisies gehad, voor sy suksesvolle verkiesing vir die Staatshuis teen Gene Seamon. Ek vertrou dat die drang nie heeltemal weg is nie. As dit so is, sal daar oor nog vier tot ses jaar baie geleenthede wees.
Ek is seker hy sal goeie werk doen. En ek hoop dat hy oor 'n paar jaar weer na Texas sal terugkeer en weer iets gaan soek. Garcia het op 'n tyd staatswye ambisies gehad, voor sy suksesvolle verkiesing vir die Staatshuis teen Gene Seamon. Ek vertrou dat die drang nie heeltemal weg is nie. As dit so is, sal daar oor nog vier tot ses jaar baie geleenthede wees. BOR het meer.


Joe Biden gee meisies advies oor advies (video)

Terwyl visepresident Joe Biden Woensdag nuwe senatore ingesweer het, verwelkom hulle hul dogters met sy gunsteling advies. Oor, en oor, en oor. 'Onthou net, daar is geen datums tot u 30 is nie,' het Biden aan jong vroulike familielede van senator Barbara Mikulski (D-Md.), Senator Michael Bennet (D-Colo.), Sen. Chuck Schumer (DN. Y.) en senator John Thune (RS.D.), onder andere. ABC News het 'n video saamgestel:

Deur Rachel Weiner | 6 Januarie 2011 12:02 ET | Permalink | Kommentaar (32)
Kategorieë: Verkiesing in 2010, 44 Die Obama -presidentskap
Stoor en deel: ->


3/30/2010

Geweld oorsteek die suidelike grens

Aangedien onder: International — DRJ @ 23:12

'N Vooraanstaande boer in Arizona is Saterdag doodgeskiet en die owerhede vermoed dat die oortreder 'n onwettige immigrant was:

Op 'n nuuskonferensie Maandag het Sheriff van Cochise County, Larry Dever, gesê Krentz het die waterlyn nagegaan en omhein op die grond wat die familie van Krentz sedert 1907 laat boer het. Krentz het wapens by hom gehad in sy terreinvoertuig, maar het dit nie gebruik nie hulle, volgens Dever.

Volgens die ondersoekers het Krentz blykbaar op een persoon afgekom toe hy geskiet is. Daar is gehoor hoe Krentz sy broer “ onwettige vreemdeling ” vroeër Saterdag op die radio vertel het, en volgens die owerhede is die gebied van die moord 'n bekende smokkelgang.

Terwyl Krentz nog steeds in sy motor was, dodelik gewond, het hy daarin geslaag om die ATV teen 'n hoë snelheid van die toneel weg te jaag voordat hy bewusteloos geword het. Die ATV het steeds sy ligte aangeskakel en die enjin loop toe die owerhede dit vind.

Voetbane is geïdentifiseer en ongeveer 20 myl suid na die grens met Mexiko gevolg deur afgevaardigdes van die balju, Amerikaanse grenspatrollie -spoorsnyers en hondejagspanne van die Departement van Korreksies, het die owerhede gesê.

Die motief was moontlik weerwraak omdat hulle dwelmsmokkelaars ingegee het:

Ooit het aan 'n Tucson -koerant gesê dat hoewel ondersoekers nog nie 'n motief het nie, vergelding as 'n moontlikheid geopper is. Die dag voor die skietery het die slagoffer se broer, Phil Krentz, dwelmsmokkelaktiwiteite op die plaas by die grenspatrollie aangemeld.

Agente het 290 pond dagga op die plaas gevind en agt onwettige immigrante gevind en gearresteer. Almal was nog in aanhouding toe die skietery plaasgevind het. ”

Leiers in New Mexico en Arizona het 'n verbeterde teenwoordigheid van grenspatrollie by die grens versoek in reaksie op hierdie moord, maar dit is nie net boere wat in gevaar is nie. Beide plaaslike boere en grenspatrollie -agente staar groter gevare in die gesig:

Drugsmokkelaars het blykbaar booby -strikke vir Amerikaanse grenspatrollie -agente op paaie langs die grens naby Deming [NM] gestel, het amptenare van die agentskap Maandag gesê.

Die toestelle bestaan ​​uit doringdraad wat soos wasgoeddrade gespan is oor roetes wat deur agente op terreinvoertuie gebruik word. Die lyne, wat moeilik is om raak te sien, is ongeveer vier voet van die grond af en blykbaar bedoel om 'n ruiter van die ATV af te slaan. ”

Intussen duur die geweld voort in Juarez, waaronder 5 mans wat in 'n motorwinkel doodgeskiet is en nog een wat in sy bed vermoor is.


Buite die Beltway

My kollega Alex Knapp het gewys op 'n paar verregaande opmerkings van John Hagee en Rod Parsley, neutbalpredikers wie McCain die hof gemaak en ontvang het.

McCain is blykbaar nie alleen onder ons groot presidente wat hoopvol is om assosiasies met godsdienstige gekke te hê nie. Verreweg die warmste verhaal op memeorandum vandag is 'n ABC News -stuk met die opskrif “Obama ’s Pastor: God Damn America, U.S. to blame for 9/11. ”

Sen. Barack Obama se dominee sê swartes moet nie sing nie “God Bless America ”, maar “God verdomde Amerika. ”

Eerwaarde Jeremiah Wright, Obama se pastoor die afgelope 20 jaar by die Trinity United Church of Christ aan die suidekant van Chicago, het 'n lang geskiedenis van wat selfs Obama se hulpverleners toegee is 'n ontstekingsretoriek, en# 8221, insluitend die bewering dat die Verenigde State die 9/11 aanvalle met sy eie terrorisme gebring het.

In 'n veldtogverskyning vroeër hierdie maand het senator Obama gesê: "Ek dink nie my kerk is eintlik baie kontroversieel nie." Hy het gesê dat eerwaarde Wright soos 'n ou oom is wat dinge sê wat ek nie altyd doen nie stem saam, en vertel 'n Joodse groep dat almal so iemand in hul gesin het.

Eerwaarde Wright trou met Obama en sy vrou Michelle, doop hul twee dogters en word deur Obama erkenning gegee vir die titel van sy boek, “The Audacity of Hope. ”

Obama se verbintenis met Wright is, kan 'n mens redelikerwys aflei, van nader en langer duur as McCain's met Hagee en Pietersielie. Maar ek het al hierdie verhale opgehef, tesame met die oor Obama se verbintenis met Tony Rezko en McCain se verhouding met Rick Renzi (ek het Rezko en Renzi in my gedagtes geknou en moes dit opsoek) vir die eenvoudige rede dat dit blykbaar nie baie lig werp op die kandidate nie.

Glo iemand van ons dat Obama of McCain in die geheim samesweringsteoretici is wat baie gekke idees onderdruk het? Of dat hulle, selfs as hulle hierdie nonsens werklik geglo het, probeer om dit in die beleid in te stel? Natuurlik nie.

Ongelukkig beteken die proses om 'n nasionale koalisie te wen 'n beroep op sommige onaangename tipes. Politici loop 'n fyn lyn as hulle aanvaardings van hierdie mense aanvaar en verwag dat hulle elke lelike idee wat enige van hul ondersteuners mag hê, te veel aan die kaak stel.

Dit is nie te sê dat die woorde van Hagee, Pietersielie, Wright en ander nie die moeite werd is om na te kyk nie. Hulle is 'n invloedryke persoon wat die menings wat baie Amerikaners het, stem en vorm. Om te verstaan ​​dat die gedeelde konsensus van die beleefde samelewing nie universeel is nie, is die moeite werd en verhelderend. Maar ons moet ophou om skuld deur assosiasie te aanvaar.

Alex is besig om te verdiep in Wright en sy verhouding met Obama en ek sal belangstel om te sien wat hy vind. My idee is egter dat hy sal agterkom dat Wright 'n dwaas is en dat Obama hom as 'n mal oom beskou. (Miskien is hy verwant aan die mal tante Ross Perot wat in die kelder gehou is?)

OPDATEER: Steve Benen skerts, en ek dink daar is 'n politieke voorkant vir Obama: hy kan nie tegelyk 'n Moslem en 'n Christen wees met 'n radikale pastoor nie. ”

Intussen neem Jim Geraghty uitsondering op Wright se bewerings oor Obama, hy is nie wit nie, hy is nie ryk nie, en hy is ook bevoorreg deur daarop te wys dat Obama se moeder wit was, die Obamas Die inkomste van 8217 was $ 1,7 miljoen in 2005 en $ 991,000 in 2006, en hy het na die Universiteit van Columbia en die Harvard Law School gegaan.


Obama -veldtog 2004

In die middel van 2002 het Obama begin om 'n kandidaat vir die Amerikaanse senaat te oorweeg. Besluite deur die huidige Republikeinse Peter Fitzgerald en sy Demokratiese voorganger Carol Moseley Braun om nie die wedloop te betwis nie, het wyd oop Demokratiese en Republikeinse primêre wedstryde geloods, waarby vyftien kandidate betrokke was. [55] Obama se kandidatuur is versterk deur Axelrod se advertensieveldtog met beelde van wyle Chicago se burgemeester Harold Washington en 'n onderskrywing van die dogter van wyle Paul Simon, voormalige Amerikaanse senator in Illinois. [56] Hy het meer as 52% van die stemme in die voorverkiesing in Maart 2004 gekry, met 29% voor sy naaste Demokratiese mededinger. [57]

Obama se verwagte teenstander in die algemene verkiesing, die Republikeinse primêre wenner Jack Ryan, onttrek hom aan die wedloop in Junie 2004. [58]

In Julie 2004 het Obama die hoofrede by die Demokratiese Nasionale Konvensie van 2004 in Boston, Massachusetts, geskryf en gelewer. [59] Nadat hy die ervarings van sy oupa as 'n veteraan uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog beskryf het en 'n begunstigde van die New Deal's FHA en G.I. Bill -programme, Obama het gepraat oor die verandering van die Amerikaanse en ekonomiese prioriteite van die Amerikaanse regering. Hy bevraagteken die bestuur van die Bush -administrasie van die Irak -oorlog en beklemtoon Amerika se verpligtinge teenoor sy soldate. Hy het voorbeelde uit die Amerikaanse geskiedenis getrek en kritiek uitgespreek oor die partydige opvattings van die kiesers en Amerikaners gevra om eenheid in diversiteit te vind, en gesê: "Daar is nie 'n liberale Amerika en 'n konserwatiewe Amerika nie, daar is die Verenigde State van Amerika." [60] Uitsendings van die toespraak deur groot nuusorganisasies het Obama se status as 'n nasionale politieke figuur geloods en sy veldtog vir die Amerikaanse senaat 'n hupstoot gegee. [61]

In Augustus 2004, twee maande na Ryan se onttrekking en minder as drie maande voor die verkiesingsdag, aanvaar Alan Keyes die benoeming van die Republikeinse Party van Illinois om Ryan te vervang. [62] Keyes, 'n jarelange inwoner van Maryland, het met die nominasie 'n wettige verblyf in Illinois gevestig. [63] In die algemene verkiesing in November 2004 het Obama 70% van die stemme gekry teenoor Keyes se 27%, die grootste oorwinningsmarge vir 'n staatswye wedloop in die geskiedenis van Illinois. [64]


Uitroei: God uitvee in Amerika

As 'n mens opmerk dat Obama onwillig is om Amerika se vier-eeuse lange godsdiensgewete te beskerm deur sy pogings om van Katolieke te vereis om hul eie leerstellings en oortuigings te oortree, word 'n mens versoek om te sê dat hy anti-Katoliek is. Maar die karakterisering sou nie korrek wees nie. Alhoewel hy onlangs Katolieke uitgesonder het, het hy die afgelope vier jaar ewe veel aandag gegee aan tradisionele Protestantse oortuigings. Aangesien hy dus Katolieke en Protestante aangeval het, word 'n mens versoek om te sê dat hy anti-Christelik is. Maar dit sou ook onakkuraat wees. Hy was ewe oneerbiedig in sy ontsettende behandeling van godsdienstige Jode in die algemeen en Israel in die besonder. Die mees akkurate beskrywing van sy antipatie teenoor Katolieke, Protestante, godsdienstige Jode en die Joodse nasie sou dus moontlik wees om hom as anti-Bybels te beskryf. En dan, as sy vyandigheid teenoor Bybelse geloofsvolk in kontras staan ​​met sy voorkeurbehandeling van Moslems en Moslem-nasies, versterk dit die akkuraatheid van die anti-Bybelse beskrywer verder. Trouens, daar was talle duidelik gedokumenteerde tye dat sy pro-Islam standpunte die oorsaak was van sy anti-Bybelse optrede.

Hieronder volg in chronologiese volgorde (1) talle rekords van sy aanvalle op Bybelse persone of organisasies (2) voorbeelde van die vyandigheid teenoor Bybelse geloof wat die afgelope drie jaar duidelik in die Obama-geleide weermag aan die lig gekom het (3) 'n lys van sy openlike aanvalle op Bybelse waardes en uiteindelik (4) 'n lys van talle voorvalle van sy voorkeurrespek vir Islam se aktiwiteite en posisies, waaronder om sy Islamitiese adviseurs sy vyandigheid teenoor mense van Bybelse geloof te laat lei en beïnvloed.

1. Vyandigheid teenoor mense met Bybelse geloof:

    • Junie 2013-Die Obama-departement van justisie verdedig 'n Young Marines-hoofstuk in Louisiana omdat hul eed God genoem het, en nog 'n jeugprogram omdat dit 'n vrywillige gebed deur studente moontlik maak. [1]
      • Februarie 2013 - Die Obama -administrasie kondig aan dat die regte van godsdienstige gewete vir individue nie onder die Wet op bekostigbare sorg beskerm sal word nie. [2]
        • Januarie 2013 - Die pastor Louie Giglio word onder druk geplaas om tydens die inhuldiging homself te verhinder om te bid nadat dit ontdek is dat hy eens 'n preek gehou het wat die Bybelse definisie van huwelik ondersteun. [3]
          • Februarie 2012 - Die Obama -administrasie vergewe studielenings in ruil vir staatsdiens, maar kondig aan dat dit nie meer studielenings sal vergewe as die staatsdiens verband hou met godsdiens nie. [4]
            • Januarie 2012 - Die Obama -administrasie voer aan dat die eerste wysiging geen beskerming bied aan kerke en sinagoges om hul pastore en rabbi's aan te stel nie. [5]
              • Desember 2011 - Die Obama -administrasie verneder ander lande en#8217 godsdienstige oortuigings as 'n struikelblok vir radikale homoseksuele regte. [6]
                • November 2011-President Obama is gekant teen die opname van president Franklin Roosevelt se beroemde D-Day Gebed in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog-gedenkteken. [7]
                  • November 2011 - Anders as vorige presidente, vermy Obama in sy dankseggingstoespraak streng godsdiensverwysings. [8]
                    • Augustus 2011 - Die Obama -administrasie stel sy nuwe gesondheidsreëls bekend wat die beskerming van godsdienstige gewete vir mediese werkers op die gebied van aborsie en voorbehoeding oorskry. [9]
                      • April 2011-Vir die eerste keer in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis dring Obama daarop aan dat 'n nie-diskriminasiewet aanvaar word wat geen beskerming teen godsdienstige groepe bevat nie, wat godsdiensorganisasies dwing om volgens federale mandate aan te neem, sonder inagneming van die voorskrifte van hul eie geloof. die uitskakeling van gewetebeskerming by huur. [10]
                        • Februarie 2011 - Alhoewel hy poste in die staatsdepartement beklee het, het Obama meer as twee jaar lank nie die pos as ambassadeur vir godsdiensvryheid beklee nie, 'n amptenaar wat hom teen godsdiensvervolging regoor die wêreld beywer, het hy dit slegs gevul na swaar druk van die publiek en van Kongres. [11]
                          • Januarie 2011 - Nadat 'n federale wet aangeneem is om 'n WWI -gedenkteken in die Mojave -woestyn oor te dra na privaatbesit, het die Amerikaanse hooggeregshof beslis dat die kruis in die gedenkteken kan bly staan, maar die Obama -administrasie het geweier dat die grond oorgedra word soos deur die wet vereis, en het geweier dat die kruis weer opgerig word soos deur die hof beveel. [12]
                            • November 2010 - Obama haal die National Motto verkeerd aan en sê dit is 'E pluribus unum' eerder as 'In God We Trust' soos bepaal deur die federale wet. [13]
                              • 19 Oktober 2010 - Obama begin doelbewus die frase oor 'die Skepper' weglaat wanneer hy die Onafhanklikheidsverklaring aanhaal - 'n weglating wat hy by nie minder as sewe geleenthede gemaak het nie. [14]
                                • Mei 2009 - Obama weier om dienste aan te bied vir die National Prayer Day ('n dag wat deur die federale wet bepaal is) in die Withuis. [15]
                                  • April 2009 - Toe Obama aan die Universiteit van Georgetown praat, beveel hy dat 'n monogram wat Jesus se naam simboliseer, bedek moet word tydens sy toespraak. [16]
                                    • April 2009-In 'n doelbewuste daad van respek het Obama drie pro-aborsie-ambassadeurs in die Vatikaan aangewys, natuurlik het die pro-life Vatikaan al drie verwerp. [17]
                                      • Februarie 2009 - Obama kondig planne aan om die gewetebeskerming vir gesondheidswerkers wat weier om deel te neem aan mediese aktiwiteite wat hul oortuigings weerspreek, te herroep en die plan volledig in Februarie 2011 in werking te stel. [18]
                                        • April 2008 - Obama praat oneerbiedig oor Christene en sê dat hulle 'aan wapens of godsdiens vasklou' en 'antipatie' het vir mense wat nie van hulle hou nie. [19]

                                        2. Vyandigheid van die Obama-geleide weermag teenoor mense met Bybelse geloof:

                                          • Oktober 2013-'n Teen-intelligensie-inligtingsessie in Fort Hood vertel soldate dat evangeliese Christene 'n bedreiging vir Amerikaners is en dat 'n soldaat volgens 'n militêre regulasie 'n straf vir 'n soldaat kon skenk. [20]
                                            • Oktober 2013 - Katolieke priesters wat aangestel is om as militêre kapelane te dien, word verbied om massadienste by basiskapelle te verrig tydens die finansiële sluiting van die regering. As hulle aangebied het om vrylik mis vir soldate te doen, sonder om te sien of die kapelane loon ontvang of nie, word hulle steeds toestemming geweier om dit te doen. [21]
                                              • Augustus 2013 – 'n Militêre opleidingshandleiding van die Departement van Verdediging leer soldate dat mense wat praat oor individuele vryhede, state ’ regte, en hoe om die wêreld 'n beter plek te maak ” ekstremiste is. ” Dit is ook noem die Founding Fathers — diegene “ koloniste wat probeer het om hulself te bevry van die Britse bewind ” — as voorbeelde van diegene wat betrokke was by “extremistiese ideologieë en bewegings. ” [22]
                                                • Augustus 2013 – 'n Senior meersersant is uit sy pos verwyder en heraangestel omdat hy aan sy openlik lesbiese eskaderbevelvoerder gesê het dat sy nie 'n stafsersant moet straf wat sy mening ten gunste van 'n tradisionele huwelik uitgespreek het nie. [23]
                                                  • Augustus 2013 – Die weermag bied nie heteroseksuele paartjies spesifieke betaalde verlof aan om na 'n staat te reis net om getroud te wees nie, maar dit bied hierdie voordele ook aan homoseksuele paartjies wat wil trou, en gee hulle dus nie voorkeurbehandeling nie heteroseksuele. [24]
                                                    • Augustus 2013 – Die Lugmag, te midde van 'n reeks aanvalle teen diegene wat tradisionele godsdienstige of morele opvattings uitspreek, het 'n drag queen -groep genooi om by 'n basis op te tree. [25]
                                                      • Julie 2013 Toe 'n sersant van die Lugmag met jarelange militêre diens 'n huwelikseremonie van dieselfde geslag in die Kapel van die Lugmag Akademie bevraagteken het, het hy 'n berispingsbrief ontvang wat hom vertel het dat as hy nie saamstem nie, hy moet wegkom van die weermag. Sy huidige hervestiging van ses jaar is daarna verminder tot slegs een jaar, met die kennisgewing dat hy gereed was om aan die einde van hierdie jaar af te tree. ” [26]
                                                        • Julie 2013 – 'n Lugmagkapelaan wat 'n artikel op die webwerf geplaas het oor die belangrikheid van geloof en die oorsprong van die frase “ Daar is geen ateïste in jakkalse nie ” is amptelik beveel om sy pos te verwyder omdat sommige aanstoot geneem het deur die gebruik van daardie beroemde frase uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. [27]
                                                          • Junie 2013 – Die Amerikaanse lugmag het in oorleg met die Pentagon 'n inspirerende skildery verwyder wat jare lank by die Mountain Home Air Force Base gehang het omdat die titel “Blessed Are The Peacemakers ” — 'n frase was Matteus 5: 9 in die Bybel. [28]
                                                            • Junie 2013-Die Obama-administrasie maak "sterk beswaar" teen 'n wysiging van die magtiging van verdediging om die grondwetlik gewaarborgde godsdienstige regte van soldate en kapelane te beskerm, en beweer dat dit 'n "nadelige uitwerking op goeie orde, dissipline, moraal en missie-uitvoering sal hê." [29]
                                                              • Junie 2013 - Op 'n gesamentlike basis in New Jersey is 'n video gemaak, gebaseer op 'n Super Bowl -advertensie, ter ere van eerste sersante. Dit het gesê: “Op die agtste dag het God op sy skepping neergekyk en gesê:‘ Ek het iemand nodig wat vir die lugmanne sal sorg. ’God het dus’ n eerste sersant geskep. ” Omdat die video die woord 'God' noem, het die lugmag vereis dat dit verwyder word. [30]
                                                                • Junie 2013 - 'n Weermag -sersant word berispe, met regterlike optrede gedreig en 'n swak doeltreffendheidsverslag gegee, omdat hy meegedeel is dat hy 'nie meer 'n spanspeler is nie', omdat hy sy steun vir die tradisionele huwelik tydens sy eie promosieparty uitgespreek het. [31]
                                                                  • Mei 2013 – Die Pentagon kondig aan dat “Air Force -lede vry is om hul persoonlike godsdienstige oortuigings uit te spreek, solank dit ander nie ongemaklik maak nie. “Proselytizing (iemand aanmoedig om tot geloof te gaan) gaan oor die grens, en bevestig dat as 'n geloofsdeling iemand ongemaklik laat voel dat dit 'n hofmisdaad kan wees [33] — die militêre ekwivalent van 'n burgerlike misdaad.
                                                                    • May 2013 – An Air Force officer was actually made to remove a personal Bible from his own desk because it “might” appear that he was condoning the particular religion to which he belonged. [34]
                                                                      • April 2013 – Officials briefing U.S. Army soldiers placed “Evangelical Christianity” and “Catholicism” in a list that also included Al-Qaeda, Muslim Brotherhood, and Hamas as examples of “religious extremism.” [35]
                                                                        • April 2013 – The U.S. Army directs troops to scratch off and paint over tiny Scripture verse references that for decades had been forged into weapon scopes. [36]
                                                                          • April 2013 – The Air Force creates a “religious tolerance” policy but consults only a militant atheist group to do so — a group whose leader has described military personnel who are religious as ‘spiritual rapists’ and ‘human monsters’ [37] and who also says that soldiers who proselytize are guilty of treason and sedition and should be punished to hold back a “tidal wave of fundamentalists.” [38]
                                                                            • January 2013 – President Obama announced his opposition to a provision in the 2013 National Defense Authorization Act protecting the rights of conscience for military chaplains. [39]
                                                                              • June 2012 – Bibles for the American military have been printed in every conflict since the American Revolution, but the Obama Administration revokes the long-standing U. S. policy of allowing military service emblems to be placed on those military Bibles. [40]
                                                                                • May 2012 – The Obama administration opposed legislation to protect the rights of conscience for military chaplains who do not wish to perform same-sex marriages in violation of their strongly-held religious beliefs. [41]
                                                                                  • April 2012 – A checklist for Air Force Inns will no longer include ensuring that a Bible is available in rooms for those who want to use them. [42]
                                                                                    • February 2012 – The U. S. Military Academy at West Point disinvites three star Army general and decorated war hero Lieutenant General William G. (“Jerry”) Boykin (retired) from speaking at an event because he is an outspoken Christian. [43]
                                                                                      • February 2012 – The Air Force removes “God” from the patch of Rapid Capabilities Office (the word on the patch was in Latin: Dei). [44]
                                                                                        • February 2012 – The Army ordered Catholic chaplains not to read a letter to parishioners that their archbishop asked them to read. [45]
                                                                                          • November 2011 – The Air Force Academy rescinds support for Operation Christmas Child, a program to send holiday gifts to impoverished children across the world, because the program is run by a Christian charity. [46]
                                                                                            • November 2011 – President Obama opposes inclusion of President Franklin Roosevelt’s famous D-Day Prayer in the WWII Memorial. [47]
                                                                                              • November 2011 – Even while restricting and disapprobating Christian religious expressions, the Air Force Academy pays $80,000 to add a Stonehenge-like worship center for pagans, druids, witches and Wiccans at the Air Force Academy. [48]
                                                                                                • September 2011 – Air Force Chief of Staff prohibits commanders from notifying airmen of programs and services available to them from chaplains. [49]
                                                                                                  • September 2011 – The Army issues guidelines for Walter Reed Medical Center stipulating that “No religious items (i.e. Bibles, reading materials and/or facts) are allowed to be given away or used during a visit.” [50]
                                                                                                    • August 2011 – The Air Force stops teaching the Just War theory to officers in California because the course is taught by chaplains and is based on a philosophy introduced by St. Augustine in the third century AD – a theory long taught by civilized nations across the world (except now, America). [51]
                                                                                                      • June 2011 – The Department of Veterans Affairs forbids references to God and Jesus during burial ceremonies at Houston National Cemetery. [52]
                                                                                                      • January 2010 – Because of “concerns” raised by the Department of Defense, tiny Bible verse references that had appeared for decades on scopes and gunsights were removed. [53]

                                                                                                      3. Acts of hostility toward Biblical values:

                                                                                                        • August 2013 – Non-profit charitable hospitals, especially faith-based ones, will face large fines or lose their tax-exempt status if they don’t comply with new strangling paperwork requirements related to giving free treatment to poor clients who do not have Obamacare insurance coverage. [54] Ironically, the first hospital in America was founded as a charitable institution in 1751 by Benjamin Franklin, and its logo was the Good Samaritan, with Luke 10:35 inscribed below him: “Take care of him, and I will repay thee,” being designed specifically to offer free medical care to the poor. [55] Benjamin Franklin’s hospital would likely be fined unless he placed more resources and funds into paperwork rather than helping the poor under the new faith-hostile policy of the Obama administration.
                                                                                                          • August 2013 – USAID, a federal government agency, shut down a conference in South Korea the night before it was scheduled to take place because some of the presentations were not pro-abortion but instead presented information on abortion complications, including the problems of “preterm births, mental health issues, and maternal mortality” among women giving birth who had previous abortions. [56]
                                                                                                            • June 2013 – The Obama Administration finalizes requirements that under the Obamacare insurance program, employers must make available abortion-causing drugs, regardless of the religious conscience objections of many employers and even despite the directive of several federal courts to protect the religious conscience of employers. [57]
                                                                                                              • April 2013 – The United States Agency for Internal Development (USAID), an official foreign policy agency of the U.S. government, begins a program to train homosexual activists in various countries around the world to overturn traditional marriage and anti-sodomy laws, targeting first those countries with strong Catholic influences, including Ecuador, Honduras, and Guatemala. [58]
                                                                                                                • December 2012 – Despite having campaigned to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, President Obama once again suspends the provisions of the Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995 which requires the United States to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and to move the American Embassy there. [59]
                                                                                                                  • July 2012 – The Pentagon, for the first time, allows service members to wear their uniforms while marching in a parade – specifically, a gay pride parade in San Diego. [60]
                                                                                                                    • October 2011 – The Obama administration eliminates federal grants to the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops for their extensive programs that aid victims of human trafficking because the Catholic Church is anti-abortion. [61]
                                                                                                                      • September 2011 – The Pentagon directs that military chaplains may perform same-sex marriages at military facilities in violation of the federal Defense of Marriage Act. [62]
                                                                                                                        • July 2011 – Obama allows homosexuals to serve openly in the military, reversing a policy originally instituted by George Washington in March 1778. [63]
                                                                                                                          • March 2011 – The Obama administration refuses to investigate videos showing Planned Parenthood helping alleged sex traffickers get abortions for victimized underage girls. [64]
                                                                                                                            • February 2011 – Obama directs the Justice Department to stop defending the federal Defense of Marriage Act. [65]
                                                                                                                              • September 2010 – The Obama administration tells researchers to ignore a judge’s decision striking down federal funding for embryonic stem cell research. [66]
                                                                                                                                • August 2010 – The Obama administration Cuts funding for 176 abstinence education programs. [67]
                                                                                                                                  • July 2010 – The Obama administration uses federal funds in violation of federal law to get Kenya to change its constitution to include abortion. [68]
                                                                                                                                    • September 16, 2009 – The Obama administration appoints as EEOC Commissioner Chai Feldblum, who asserts that society should “not tolerate” any “private beliefs,” including religious beliefs, if they may negatively affect homosexual “equality.” [69]
                                                                                                                                      • July 2009 – The Obama administration illegally extends federal benefits to same-sex partners of Foreign Service and Executive Branch employees, in direction violation of the federal Defense of Marriage Act. [70]
                                                                                                                                        • May 2009 – The White House budget eliminates all funding for abstinence-only education and replaces it with “comprehensive” sexual education, repeatedly proven to increase teen pregnancies and abortions. [71] He continues the deletion in subsequent budgets. [72]
                                                                                                                                          • May 2009 – Obama officials assemble a terrorism dictionary calling pro-life advocates violent and charging that they use racism in their “criminal” activities. [73]
                                                                                                                                            • March 2009 – The Obama administration shut out pro-life groups from attending a White House-sponsored health care summit. [74]
                                                                                                                                              • March 2009 – Obama orders taxpayer funding of embryonic stem cell research. [75]
                                                                                                                                                • March 2009 – Obama gave $50 million for the UNFPA, the UN population agency that promotes abortion and works closely with Chinese population control officials who use forced abortions and involuntary sterilizations. [76]
                                                                                                                                                  • January 2009 – Obama lifts restrictions on U.S. government funding for groups that provide abortion services or counseling abroad, forcing taxpayers to fund pro-abortion groups that either promote or perform abortions in other nations. [77]
                                                                                                                                                    • January 2009 – President Obama’s nominee for deputy secretary of state asserts that American taxpayers are required to pay for abortions and that limits on abortion funding are unconstitutional. [78]

                                                                                                                                                    4. Acts of preferentialism for Islam:

                                                                                                                                                      • February 2012 – The Obama administration makes effulgent apologies for Korans being burned by the U. S. military, [79] but when Bibles were burned by the military, numerous reasons were offered why it was the right thing to do. [80]
                                                                                                                                                        • October 2011 – Obama’s Muslim advisers block Middle Eastern Christians’ access to the White House. [81]
                                                                                                                                                          • August 2010 – Obama speaks with great praise of Islam and condescendingly of Christianity. [82]
                                                                                                                                                            • August 2010 – Obama went to great lengths to speak out on multiple occasions on behalf of building an Islamic mosque at Ground Zero, while at the same time he was silent about a Christian church being denied permission to rebuild at that location. [83]
                                                                                                                                                              • April 2010 – Christian leader Franklin Graham is disinvited from the Pentagon’s National Day of Prayer Event because of complaints from the Muslim community. [84]
                                                                                                                                                                • April 2010 – The Obama administration requires rewriting of government documents and a change in administration vocabulary to remove terms that are deemed offensive to Muslims, including jihad, jihadists, terrorists, radical Islamic, etc. [85]
                                                                                                                                                                  • May 2009 – While Obama does not host any National Day of Prayer event at the White House, he does host White House Iftar dinners in honor of Ramadan. [86]
                                                                                                                                                                    • 2010 – While every White House traditionally issues hundreds of official proclamations and statements on numerous occasions, this White House avoids traditional Biblical holidays and events but regularly recognizes major Muslim holidays, as evidenced by its 2010 statements on Ramadan, Eid-ul-Fitr, Hajj, and Eid-ul-Adha. [87]

                                                                                                                                                                    Many of these actions are literally unprecedented – this is the first time they have happened in four centuries of American history. The hostility of President Obama toward Biblical faith and values is without equal from any previous American president.


                                                                                                                                                                    Barack Obama and Joe Biden’s Plan

                                                                                                                                                                    On health care reform, the American people are too often offered two extremes – government-run health care with higher taxes or letting the insurance companies operate without rules. Barack Obama and Joe Biden believe both of these extremes are wrong, and that’s why they’ve proposed a plan that strengthens employer coverage, makes insurance companies accountable and ensures patient choice of doctor and care without government interference.

                                                                                                                                                                    The Obama-Biden plan provides affordable, accessible health care for all Americans, builds on the existing health care system, and uses existing providers, doctors and plans to implement the plan. Under the Obama-Biden plan, patients will be able to make health care decisions with their doctors, instead of being blocked by insurance company bureaucrats.

                                                                                                                                                                    Under the plan, if you like your current health insurance, nothing changes, except your costs will go down by as much as $2,500 per year.

                                                                                                                                                                    If you don’t have health insurance, you will have a choice of new, affordable health insurance options.

                                                                                                                                                                    Make Health Insurance Work for People and Businesses – Not Just Insurance and Drug Companies.

                                                                                                                                                                    • Require insurance companies to cover pre-existing conditions so all Americans regardless of their health status or history can get comprehensive benefits at fair and stable premiums.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Create a new Small Business Health Tax Credit to help small businesses provide affordable health insurance to their employees.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Lower costs for businesses by covering a portion of the catastrophic health costs they pay in return for lower premiums for employees.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Prevent insurers from overcharging doctors for their malpractice insurance and invest in proven strategies to reduce preventable medical errors.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Make employer contributions more fair by requiring large employers that do not offer coverage or make a meaningful contribution to the cost of quality health coverage for their employees to contribute a percentage of payroll toward the costs of their employees health care.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Establish a National Health Insurance Exchange with a range of private insurance options as well as a new public plan based on benefits available to members of Congress that will allow individuals and small businesses to buy affordable health coverage.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Ensure everyone who needs it will receive a tax credit for their premiums.

                                                                                                                                                                    Reduce Costs and Save a Typical American Family up to $2,500 as reforms phase in:

                                                                                                                                                                    • Lower drug costs by allowing the importation of safe medicines from other developed countries, increasing the use of generic drugs in public programs and taking on drug companies that block cheaper generic medicines from the market
                                                                                                                                                                    • Require hospitals to collect and report health care cost and quality data
                                                                                                                                                                    • Reduce the costs of catastrophic illnesses for employers and their employees.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Reform the insurance market to increase competition by taking on anticompetitive activity that drives up prices without improving quality of care.

                                                                                                                                                                    The Obama-Biden plan will promote public health. It will require coverage of preventive services, including cancer screenings, and increase state and local preparedness for terrorist attacks and natural disasters.

                                                                                                                                                                    A Commitment to Fiscal Responsibility: Barack Obama will pay for his $50 – $65 billion health care reform effort by rolling back the Bush tax cuts for Americans earning more than $250,000 per year and retaining the estate tax at its 2009 level.

                                                                                                                                                                    Latinos push for Cabinet posts

                                                                                                                                                                    Weeks before Barack Obama won the presidency, he met privately in Washington with his former Democratic rival, Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton of New York, and Latino political leaders who had fervently backed her bid.

                                                                                                                                                                    The cards were laid upon the table, according to one of the participants. The Hispanic leaders said they expected at least two Latinos to be named to an Obama Cabinet — meeting the standard set by President-elect Bill Clinton in 1992 — but preferred three. Of course, they also wanted sub-Cabinet-level posts.

                                                                                                                                                                    In return, Obama needed assurances that Hispanics — who had overwhelmingly voted for Clinton during the Democratic primaries — would be mobilized in large enough numbers to make him the winner in the battleground states of Nevada , Colorado , New Mexico and Florida .

                                                                                                                                                                    On Election Day , Obama won all four states over Republican John McCain largely because of the Latino vote.

                                                                                                                                                                    Florida Hispanics voted 57 percent-42 percent for Obama, 1 percentage point more than they gave President Bush in 2004. In Colorado, Obama’s Latino margin was 73-27, in Nevada it was 76-22 and in New Mexico, 69 percent of Hispanics backed Obama versus 30 percent for McCain, according to news media exit polls.

                                                                                                                                                                    Latinos in Virginia , another key state, also picked Obama by a 2-1 margin. Nationally, only 30 percent of Hispanics backed McCain, 10 points lower than for Bush in the last election.

                                                                                                                                                                    Hispanics delivered. Now the question is, how much can Latinos expect from Obama?

                                                                                                                                                                    The president-elect has not made any firm commitments. During a speech to the Congressional Hispanicoba Caucus Institute in September, he asked for their policy ideas and their votes and added, “When I’m president, I’ll be asking many of you to serve at every level of government.”

                                                                                                                                                                    Cecilia Munoz, vice president of National Council of La Raza , said, “It’s a foregone conclusion that we should be at the table for policy debates and in a position of authority,” because Hispanics are affected by major issues facing all voters. Latinos will be prominent in an Obama administration “just as we would be in any administration moving forward,” she added.

                                                                                                                                                                    But as the first African-American elected to the presidency, Obama is expected to face enormous pressures from various interests — women, Asian-Americans, Latinos and especially African-Americans — for top positions in his administration.

                                                                                                                                                                    History also has taught Latinos to take nothing for granted.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1964, President Johnson ’s top adviser, Jack Valenti , cut down a group of Latinos seeking presidential appointments. “You have one percent of the vote, so you have one percent of my attention,” Raul Yzaguirre recalled Valenti saying. Yzaguirre is the past president of National Council of La Raza and head of Arizona State University’s Center for Community Development and Civil Rights .

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1992, Bill Clinton promised during his campaign “to give you an administration that looks like America.” But when a delegation of Hispanic leaders met with his transition chairman, Vernon Jordan , he curtly noted that Latinos had not struggled for civil rights as blacks had, and they would “have to stand in line,” attendees later recalled.

                                                                                                                                                                    No one expects that to happen now. As Tuesday’s election results reflected, times have changed. Latino civil rights groups estimate that at least 10 million Hispanics voted Tuesday, up 32 percent from 2004.

                                                                                                                                                                    Any diminishment of the Hispanic presence in today’s society and politics “would be a colossal mistake,” said Arturo Vargas, executive director of National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials . “Latinos have demonstrated they can have an impact.”

                                                                                                                                                                    After being “kept out” of government, Hispanic leaders maintained now is their time to “catch up” and claim their share of seats at the policy tables of major federal agencies.

                                                                                                                                                                    Hispanics have slowly gained positions at the White House , said Paul Light , a New York University professor who studies presidential appointments.

                                                                                                                                                                    In Clinton’s initial round of appointments to Cabinet and sub-Cabinet positions, Hispanics made up 6 percent. In 2001, 8 percent of Bush’s nominees were Hispanic, Light said.

                                                                                                                                                                    “Hispanics have a reasonable claim to be in positions that have nothing to do with being Hispanic,” Light said. “They don’t want to be shunted aside and they deserve that consideration.”

                                                                                                                                                                    Before the election, two dozen groups that make up the National Hispanic Leadership Agenda turned over to Obama and John McCain policy recommendations that included adding more Hispanics to the federal workforce, increasing Hispanic political appointments and naming more Latinos to the federal bench.

                                                                                                                                                                    The coalition will be collecting résumés to submit to Obama’s transition team. “It behooves us to not just suggest that the administration hire Latinos. We need to also provide good candidates,” said Peter Zamora of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund.

                                                                                                                                                                    NALEO’s Vargas worries that, early on, the only names usually mentioned for peterpossible appointment to the Obama administration are New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson and Obama’s Hispanic adviser Federico Pena — two Democrats who previously served in the Clinton administration.

                                                                                                                                                                    One open question is whether Obama’s inside circle of advisers will be tempted to consider another factor. Hispanics were with Bill Clinton from the start of his presidential campaign and were widely appreciated by Bush, who could not have won the White House without them. Though Latino voters heartily backed Obama on Election Day , many were with Hillary Clinton first .

                                                                                                                                                                    Yzaguirre said he and others addressed that issue frankly with Obama at their meeting several weeks ago. “We said, ‘Look, if you are going to see us as late-comers, that’s not going to work. If you see us as partners from here on, we will have a good relationship.’ And he said he welcomed our support,” Yzaguirre said.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama promised to listen to them. In coming days, the president-elect and his advisers will get an earful.

                                                                                                                                                                    Gebe Martinez is a longtime journalist in Washington and a frequent lecturer and commentator on the policy and politics of Capitol Hill.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama calls for swift action on economy

                                                                                                                                                                    President-elect Obama said Friday that the country is facing the greatest economic challenge of our lifetime and “we’re going to have to act swiftly to resolve it.”

                                                                                                                                                                    However in his first news conference since winning the presidency Tuesday, Obama deferred to President Bush and his economic team, noting that the country has only one government and one president at a time.

                                                                                                                                                                    He said the Congress needs to pass an economic stimulus measure either before or just after he takes office in January.

                                                                                                                                                                    But, he said, “immediately after I become president I will confront this economic crisis head-on by taking all necessary steps to ease the credit crisis, help hardworking families , and restore growth and prosperity.”

                                                                                                                                                                    “I’m confident a new president can have an enormous impact,” he added.

                                                                                                                                                                    The president-elect spoke after he and Vice President-elect Joe Biden met privately with economic experts to discuss ways to stabilize the troubled economy.

                                                                                                                                                                    More evidence of a recession came Friday when the government reported that the unemployment rate had jumped from 6.1 percent in September to 6.5 percent in October. Despite dour third-quarter reports from Ford and General Motors, stocks rose some after two days of heavy losses.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama’s transition to power and early days in office, if not the entire first year of his presidency, almost certainly will be devoted to finding ways to remedy dismal economic conditions. The economy was the top concern of voters demanding a new direction as they ushered into office the Democrat who promised change after eight years of Bush’s policies.

                                                                                                                                                                    He said he will review a letter from Iran’s leader but refrained from directly responding to it. It’s not something “that we should simply do in a knee-jerk fashion,” he said.

                                                                                                                                                                    “We only have one president at a time,” Obama said, adding that he wants to be careful to send the signal to the world that “I’m not the president and I won’t be until Jan. 20.”o

                                                                                                                                                                    Today in History – Nov. 7

                                                                                                                                                                    Today is Friday, Nov. 7, the 312th day of 2008. There are 54 days left in the year.

                                                                                                                                                                    Vandag se hoogtepunt in die geskiedenis:

                                                                                                                                                                    On Nov. 7, 1917, Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky .

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1874, the Republican Party was symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon drawn by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly .

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1893, the state of Colorado granted women there the right to vote.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1918, during World War I , an erroneous report that an armistice had been signed set off celebrations across the country.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1940, in Washington state , the Tacoma Narrows Bridge , nicknamed “Galloping Gertie,” collapsed during a windstorm.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1944, President Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey.

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1962, Richard M. Nixon , having lost California ‘s gubernatorial race, held what he called his “ last press conference ,” telling reporters, “You won’t have Nixon to kick around anymore.”

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1967, President Johnson signed a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting .

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1972, President Nixon was re-elected in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern .

                                                                                                                                                                    In 1973, Congress overrode President Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive’s power to wage war without congressional approval.

                                                                                                                                                                    Ten years ago: John Glenn returned to Earth aboard the space shuttle Discovery , visibly weak but elated after a nine-day mission. A scant four years after leading Republicans to glory, House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced he would resign not just his speakership but also his seat in the House.

                                                                                                                                                                    Five years ago: Six U.S. soldiers were killed in the crash of their Black Hawk helicopter in Tikrit, Iraq . The defending champion U.S. baseball team failed to qualify for the 2004 Athens Olympics, losing to Mexico 2-1 in the quarterfinals of a qualifying tournament in Panama City, Panama .

                                                                                                                                                                    One year ago: An 18-year-old gunman opened fire at his high school in Tuusula, Finland, killing seven other students and the principal before taking his own life. A cargo ship struck the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge , causing the San Francisco Bay’s worst oil spill in nearly two decades. Space shuttle Discovery and its crew returned to Earth, concluding a 15-day space station build-and-repair mission. At the Country Music Association Awards , Kenny Chesney won his second straight entertainer of the year award, while Carrie Underwood made it back-to-back trophies as female vocalist of the year.

                                                                                                                                                                    Today’s Birthdays: Evangelist Billy Graham is 90. Opera singer Dame Joan Sutherland is 82. Actor Barry Newman is 70. Singer Johnny Rivers is 66. Singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell is 65. Singer Nick Gilder is 57. Actor Christopher Knight (“ The Brady Bunch “) is 51. Actress Julie Pinson is 41. Rock musician Greg Tribbett (Mudvayne) is 40. Actor Christopher Daniel Barnes is 36. Actors Jeremy and Jason London are 36. Actress Yunjin Kim (“Lost”) is 35. Rock musician Zach Myers ( Shinedown ) is 25.

                                                                                                                                                                    Thought for Today: “Vanity is as ill at ease under indifference, as tenderness is under the love which it cannot return.” — George Eliot , English author (1819-1880).

                                                                                                                                                                    Michelle Obama’s election outfit gets dressing down

                                                                                                                                                                    All ears were listening to President-elect Barack Obama ‘s victory speech this week but fashion-watchers were looking closely at his wife Michelle’s dress — and the verdict was not so good.

                                                                                                                                                                    Despite comparisons during the campaign to stylish 1960s first lady Jacqueline Kennedy , Michelle Obama was derided in opinion polls for her choice of a black and neon-red dress from Narciso Rodriguez ‘s spring 2009 ready-to-wear collection.

                                                                                                                                                                    In an online poll by USA Today , 65 percent of more than 10,000 readers believed the Harvard-educated corporate lawyer and future first lady “had an off day” and 35 percent said “She looks fantastic as always.”

                                                                                                                                                                    An online poll by People magazine mirrored those results, while a Los Angeles Times online poll found 45 percent hated the dress and 34 percent loved it.

                                                                                                                                                                    “The normally impeccable Michelle O made a questionable choice for her husband’s historic election night victory,” wrote Lesley Scott , editor of fashion and lifestyle blog http://www.fashiontribes.com . “It’s less than flattering.”

                                                                                                                                                                    “However, every fashionista worth her salt takes risks,” Scott said, “which means the occasional misstep.”

                                                                                                                                                                    Not everyone disliked Obama’s choice, which was shown on the catwalk only two months ago and is not yet available in stores. New York magazine hailed Obama for being able to hold her own against France’s first lady Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, a former supermodel.

                                                                                                                                                                    “We have a feeling she’ll continue to mix affordable pieces with designer pieces as First Lady , but this wardrobe choice proves this woman knows fashion and we have an exciting four years of political fashion ahead of us,” the magazine said.

                                                                                                                                                                    “What will she choose for the inaugural ball? The suspense is so exciting! And you know what else is great about this? We don’t have to envy France for Carla Bruni anymore!”

                                                                                                                                                                    Interest in Obama’s fashion has soared since she won particular praise for the purple sheath dress and black belt she wore in June when her husband clinched the nomination as the Democratic Party ‘s presidential candidate .

                                                                                                                                                                    While Republican candidate John McCain’s wife Cindy and his vice presidential running mate Sarah Palin drew criticism for their high-end wardrobes, Obama won fans for affordable style.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama wore a $150 dress on “The View” talk show, which became an instant hit. For “ The Tonight Show with Jay Leno ” last week, she donned an outfit from chain store J.Crew.

                                                                                                                                                                    She has even inspired a website — http://www.mrs-o.org — dedicated to taking “a regular look at what and who she’s wearing” and encouraging enthusiasm for “the budding style icon, Mrs O.”

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama already has a fashion track record, appearing in Vogue and being named twice on Vanity Fair ‘s international best-dressed list.

                                                                                                                                                                    Names surface for top Obama administration jobs

                                                                                                                                                                    President-elect Obama is weighing an array of Washington insiders and outsiders, including some Republicans, for top administration posts, according to Democratic officials.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama has signaled that he will make no Cabinet-level appointments immediately, and his deliberations are tightly held by his closest aides. But that hasn’t stopped Democrats and interest groups from circulating lists and offering recommendations to the Obama transition team.

                                                                                                                                                                    Some are surprising, such as former Bush Secretary of State Colin Powell as possible education secretary . Others are high-profile governors or members of Congress. Yet many are also little known to the general public — and may remain so.

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama has less than 11 weeks to staff his new administration. Some names often mentioned as possible appointees to top posts:

                                                                                                                                                                    Defense Secretary Robert Gates .

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Navy Secretary Richard Danzig .

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. Chuck Hagel , R-Neb., critic of Iraq war , retiring from Senate.

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. Jack Reed , D-R.I., member of Senate Armed Services Committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Timothy Geithner , president of Federal Reserve Bank of New York .

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker .

                                                                                                                                                                    Lawrence Summers , former treasury secretary and one-time Harvard University president .

                                                                                                                                                                    Gov. Bill Richardson , D-N.M., former U.N. ambassador and energy secretary.

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. John Kerry , D-Mass., 2004 presidential nominee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. Richard Lugar , R-Ind., former chairman of Senate Foreign Relations Committee .

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. Chuck Hagel, R-Neb., critic of Iraq war, retiring from Senate.

                                                                                                                                                                    Eric Holder, former deputy attorney general .

                                                                                                                                                                    Arizona Gov. Janet Napolitano .

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. Artur Davis , D-Ala., member of House Judiciary Committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick , former assistant U.S. attorney for civil rights .

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Rep. Philip Sharp, D-Ind., president of Resources for the Future think tank.

                                                                                                                                                                    Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius .

                                                                                                                                                                    Lisa P. Jackson, commissioner of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection .

                                                                                                                                                                    Mary Nichols, head of California Air Resources Board .

                                                                                                                                                                    Kathleeen McGinty, former secretary of Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.

                                                                                                                                                                    HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SECRETARY

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle , D-S.D.

                                                                                                                                                                    Howard Dean , chairman of Democratic National Committee , physician, former Vermont governor.

                                                                                                                                                                    Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius.

                                                                                                                                                                    Jane Garvey, former head of Federal Aviation Administration .

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. James Oberstar , D-Minn., chairman of House transportation committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Mortimer Downey, former deputy transportation secretary.

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber .

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Alaska Gov. Tony Knowles .

                                                                                                                                                                    Sen. Ken Salazar , D-Colo., former executive director of Colorado Natural Resources Department .

                                                                                                                                                                    HOMELAND SECURITY SECRETARY

                                                                                                                                                                    James Lee Witt , former FEMA director.

                                                                                                                                                                    Los Angeles Police Chief Bill Bratton.

                                                                                                                                                                    Former New Jersey Gov. Tom Kean, chairman of 9/11 commission.

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. Jane Harman , D-Calif., chairwoman of Homeland Security intelligence subcommittee.

                                                                                                                                                                    NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER

                                                                                                                                                                    James B. Steinberg, former deputy national security adviser.

                                                                                                                                                                    Susan Rice, former assistant secretary of state for African affairs .

                                                                                                                                                                    Colin Powell , former secretary of state, former chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff .

                                                                                                                                                                    Former North Carolina Gov. Jim Hunt .

                                                                                                                                                                    Arne Duncan , chief executive officer of Chicago public schools .

                                                                                                                                                                    Inez Tenenbaum , former South Carolina schools superintendent .

                                                                                                                                                                    Tom Buis, president of National Farmers Union.

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack .

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. Collin Peterson , D-Minn., chairman of House Agriculture Committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    OFFICE OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT DIRECTOR

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. John Spratt Jr ., D-S.C., chairman of House Budget Committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Gene Sperling , economic aide to President Clinton .

                                                                                                                                                                    Jason Furman, Obama ‘s campaign economic policy director .

                                                                                                                                                                    HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECRETARY

                                                                                                                                                                    Valerie Jarrett , Obama friend, chairman and CEO of Habitat Co.

                                                                                                                                                                    Rep. George Miller , D-Calif., chairman of House Education and Labor Committee.

                                                                                                                                                                    Former Rep. David Bonior, member of Obama’s Transition Economic Advisory Board .

                                                                                                                                                                    Andy Stern , president of Service Employees International Union .

                                                                                                                                                                    Obama’s day on Wall Street

                                                                                                                                                                    visit here would be a huge step toward familiarizing yourself with the crisis that will define most of your first term as president. Mishandle it, and this could be your only term.

                                                                                                                                                                    JPM 37.00 , -1.26 , -3.3% ) , Ken Lewis of Bank of America Corp. (BAC:

                                                                                                                                                                    BAC 20.24 , +0.12 , +0.6% ) , Lloyd Blankfein of Goldman Sachs Group (GS: